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The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 17: Education

CLARENCE L. MOHR Volume Editor
Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 400
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  • Book Info
    The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture
    Book Description:

    Offering a broad, up-to-date reference to the long history and cultural legacy of education in the American South, this timely volume ofThe New Encyclopedia of Southern Culturesurveys educational developments, practices, institutions, and politics from the colonial era to the present. With over 130 articles, this book covers key topics in education, including academic freedom; the effects of urbanization on segregation, desegregation, and resegregation; African American and women's education; and illiteracy. These entries, as well as articles on prominent educators, such as Booker T. Washington and C. Vann Woodward, and major southern universities, colleges, and trade schools, provide an essential context for understanding the debates and battles that remain deeply imbedded in southern education. Framed by Clarence Mohr's historically rich introductory overview, the essays in this volume comprise a greatly expanded and thoroughly updated survey of the shifting southern education landscape and its development over the span of four centuries.

    eISBN: 978-1-4696-0316-2
    Subjects: Education, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-x)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xiv)
    (pp. xv-xx)

    In 1989 years of planning and hard work came to fruition when the University of North Carolina Press joined the Center for the Study of Southern Culture at the University of Mississippi to publish theEncyclopedia of Southern Culture. While all those involved in writing, reviewing, editing, and producing the volume believed it would be received as a vital contribution to our understanding of the American South, no one could have anticipated fully the widespread acclaim it would receive from reviewers and other commentators. But theEncyclopediawas indeed celebrated, not only by scholars but also by popular audiences with...

    (pp. xxi-xxiv)

    Schools are central to cultural life—the repositories of knowledge and sources of innovation. The institutions of learning in the South have played a key role in reflecting and shaping southern cultural ways, from racial segregation to religious values to social class differences. The region struggled through the 19th century, though, to establish a system of public education, but the Progressive Era in the early 20th century saw improved formal education as a main reform goal. Persisting individualism and localism, however, strengthened the resistance of many southerners to entrusting educational policy to a distant state-level educational bureaucracy, and many people...

    (pp. 1-348)

    For those who recall the unflattering depictions of southern intellectual life advanced during the 1920s by Baltimore journalist H. L. Mencken, the idea of exploring regional culture through the study of education may seem like a dubious exercise, if not actually a fool’s errand. A moment’s reflection reminds one, however, that Mencken himself took education quite seriously and wrote in the hope of elevating the South’s intellectual standards. In this respect at least Mencken’s strictures speak to one of the central themes in southern educational history—the Janus-faced quest to elevate the South and strengthen regional consciousness by embracing institutional...

    (pp. 349-350)
  7. INDEX
    (pp. 351-375)