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The Dynamic Decade

The Dynamic Decade: Creating the Sustainable Campus for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001-2011

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    The Dynamic Decade
    Book Description:

    The Dynamic Decadetells the story of the sweeping makeover of the 200-year-old campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Six million square feet of buildings were constructed and a million square feet of historic buildings were renovated during one vibrant ten-year period. This massive growth required bold thinking and a vision for combining historic preservation, green building, and long-range development. A statewide bond issue, award-winning designs, and unprecedented coordination between town and university made the vision a reality.Written by authors who held major planning roles, supplemented by interviews of key players, and lavishly illustrated with color photographs and maps, this comprehensive account offers valuable lessons to all concerned with sustainable university growth.

    eISBN: 978-1-4696-0828-0
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. List of Illustrations, Tables, Sidebars
    (pp. vi-x)
    (pp. 1-6)
    James Moeser

    I arrived in Chapel Hill in August, 2000, at the beginning of “the Dynamic Decade” that David Godschalk and Jonathan Howes describe in this book. In many ways, the appointment to the chancellorship of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was the pinnacle of my career. I had long admired UNC, first as a faculty member and dean at the University of Kansas, where UNC was designated as one of KU’s aspirant peer institutions. Later, as provost of the University of South Carolina, I had an opportunity to view UNC from the perspective of a neighbor state that...

    (pp. 7-16)

    The university campus is a central feature in urban development. While driven by its educational mission, campus growth reflects many of the precepts of private real estate development in its quest for additional space. At the same time, the economic importance of the university casts it into a quasi-public role as community developer. The tensions between these internal and external roles can create substantial town/gown friction as the university seeks to expand and the community requires it to recognize and mitigate the impacts of its growth.

    Theinternallogic of campus development stems from the university’s core mission of teaching,...

  6. CHAPTER 2 Creating the Framework: THE CAMPUS MASTER PLAN
    (pp. 17-29)

    Creation of the award-winning 2001 Campus Master Plan was spurred by the need to update the 1988 Campus Framework Plan prepared by Johnson, Johnson, and Roy (1991) and by announcement of significant enrollment increases for the 16-campus University of North Carolina system. The three-year planning process began in 1998 with the hiring of the Baltimore-based architectural firm of Ayers Saint Gross. Charged with creating a plan for the physical development of the campus into the 21st century, the architectural consultants launched an intensive process during which hundreds of faculty, staff, students, administration, and campus neighbors engaged in over 500 planning...

  7. CHAPTER 3 Setting Priorities: THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN
    (pp. 30-48)

    The July 3, 2001, Development Plan took the first step inimplementingthe Master Plan. The Master Plan served as the big picture of University development extending over the long-range future, while the Development Plan was the medium view, extending through the coming decade. Development would be ubiquitous, with both old and new buildings facing construction crews. Not even venerable Memorial Hall would be exempt.

    The Development Plan was an institutional innovation generated during the master planning process to replace the existing building-by-building review under Town zoning. Basically, the University’s Development Plan said to the Town, “this is our ten-year...

    (pp. 49-61)

    Architecture and landscape shape the campus experience. Together, the buildings and open space determine the way that the campus is seen and used: its look and feel. While structures and common outdoor areas may appear to be a seamless fabric, in actuality that fabric is shaped by a myriad of decisions by planners, designers, and others with power over the project design process and its outcome.

    This chapter describes the way that decisions were made about the sites where campus buildings and facilities were to be located and about how the design elements of the buildings and landscapes themselves were...

  9. CHAPTER 5 Preserving the Historic Campus: BUILDINGS AND LANDSCAPES
    (pp. 62-84)

    The secret to the charm and beauty of the UNC North Campus is its seamless integration of new buildings into the existing landscape. Tree-shaded commons areas are defined by low stone walls and flanked by historic buildings, whose scale and architectural features define a design palette used to ensure the compatibility of new projects. Behind this award-winning environment lies a careful process devoted to preserving both historic buildings and the landscape that embraces them.

    The sustainability challenge for preservation during the massive development surge of the dynamic decade was to elevate concern for UNC’s historic environment to a level equal...

  10. CHAPTER 6 Enhancing the Historic North Campus
    (pp. 85-102)

    Adding a raft of new projects to the UNC campus during a ten-year span, while preserving the historic buildings and landscapes, marked a critical turning point in the life of the University. If not done with sensitivity and care, the new development could have damaged or destroyed the work of two centuries of thoughtful planning and intelligent growth. This was a particular danger for the historic North Campus, where the mellow beauty of the historic environment was well established, while new development on the South Campus was more of an opportunity to link disparate areas and to begin to build...

  11. CHAPTER 7 Recasting the Twentieth Century Southeast Campus
    (pp. 103-118)

    Much of the new development during the dynamic decade took place on the Southeast Campus, where new project design faced many challenges. Home to student housing, athletics, and support facilities, the Southeast Campus Community was a sprawling collection of large mid-twentieth century buildings without a central place. Although it contained Kenan Woods and the natural areas in the Pinetum, few parts of Southeast Campus contained an attractive outdoor common area. New projects that sought to turn this around were built at a human scale around central green spaces linked by landscaped walkways.

    The sustainability challenge for Southeast Campus was to...

  12. CHAPTER 8 Growing the Health Services Southwest Campus
    (pp. 119-128)

    The Southwest Campus is home to the dense Health Affairs and Health Research Communities. These two communities include four major North Carolina hospitals (Memorial, Women’s and Children’s, Cancer, and Neurosciences), the UNC Medical, Dental, and Public Health Schools, and a number of related research buildings, as well as parking decks and support facilities. Their large footprints, dense development, and architectural style reflect the different character of buildings needed to provide health services.

    Clustered around the North Carolina Memorial Hospital, the Southwest Campus has grown steadily to accommodate the large increases in medical care and research over recent decades. It serves...

  13. CHAPTER 9 Visualizing a New Research Campus at Carolina North
    (pp. 129-143)

    Carolina North represents the next half-century of UNC’s campus development potential. Located a mile and a half north of the main campus, the 250-acre Carolina North research campus holds the key to the University’s future growth. Implementation of the2007 Carolina North Planand the 2009Development Agreementbetween Chapel Hill and the University promises to open a new era in campus sustainability and in town/gown relationships.

    The Carolina North site comprises about a quarter of the 979-acre Horace Williams property. The proposed development occupies the lower southeast part of the overall property extending west from Martin Luther King Jr....

  14. CHAPTER 10 Lessons for Creating a Sustainable Campus
    (pp. 144-152)

    UNC and Chapel Hill learned important lessons about sustainable campus development from their experience in planning, reviewing, and building a huge campus addition during the dynamic decade. They learned to define sustainable campus development as a balance of historic preservation concerns, current development demands, and future potential needs. They learned to use the University’s mission statement as a touchstone for assessing development proposals. They learned to collaborate on building consensus to solve problems arising from the unprecedented scale and impacts of the resulting growth. They learned to determine the responsible capacity of the campus in light of sustaining natural systems....

  15. Afterword
    (pp. 153-154)
    Holden Thorp

    As the person who succeeded Chancellor James Moeser, I am extremely grateful for all that was accomplished in what the authors of this book have described as “the Dynamic Decade.” The transformation of the UNC campus made possible by a carefully designed master plan, a strategically achieved development plan, a politically charged bond referendum and an ambitiously imagined fundraising initiative was at its height when I moved into the Chancellor’s office.

    Because of all the construction and the detours around it, getting to that office wasn’t always easy. The Kenan Music Building was nearly finished, but Boshamer Stadium was in...

  16. APPENDIX A. Development Project Chronology
    (pp. 155-158)
  17. APPENDIX B. Carolina North
    (pp. 159-161)
  18. References
    (pp. 162-162)
  19. Acknowledgements
    (pp. 163-163)
  20. Authors’ Biographies
    (pp. 164-164)