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Global Masculinities and Manhood

Global Masculinities and Manhood

Foreword by MOLEFI K. ASANTE
Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 232
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  • Book Info
    Global Masculinities and Manhood
    Book Description:

    Bringing together an array of interdisciplinary voices, Global Masculinities and Manhood examines the concept of masculinity from the perspectives of cultures around the world. In the era of globalization, masculinity continues to be studied in a Western-centric context. Contributors to this volume, however, deconstruct the history and politics of masculinities within the contexts of the cultures from which they have been developed, examining what makes a man who he is within his own culture. Highlighting manifestations of masculinity in countries including Jamaica, Turkey, Peru, Kenya, Australia, and China, scholars from a variety of disciplines grapple with the complex politics of identity and the question of how gender is interpreted and practiced through discourse. The anthology follows three major themes: defining masculinity in the global sphere, mediated representations of masculinity, and the cultural practice of masculinity as both a local and a worldwide phenomenon. Contributors discuss how masculinity is affected by war and conflict, defined in relation to race, ethnicity, and sexuality, and expressed in cultural activities such as sports or the cinema. Contributors are Bryant Keith Alexander, Molefi K. Asante, Murali Balaji, Maurice Hall, Ronald L. Jackson II, Shino Konishi, Nil Mutluer, Mich Nyawalo, Kathleen Glenister Roberts, Margarita Saona, and Kath Woodward.

    eISBN: 978-0-252-09355-5
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-6)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 7-8)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 9-10)
    RJ and MB
  4. Foreword
    (pp. 11-16)

    Anytime someone says that we are living in a world of tremendous change we can readily say that such is the condition of human life. Yet in terms of intellectual critique, deconstruction, and critical inquiry we are truly undergoing monumental change in the discourse on masculinity. Ronald L. Jackson II and Murali Balaji have placed their new book,Global Masculinities and Manhood, at the center of this activity.

    The election of President Barack Obama in November 2008 stretched the discourse about masculinity even more in American society. Indeed, Andrew Card, who had served in the administration of President George W....

  5. INTRODUCTION: Conceptualizing Current Discourses and Writing new ones
    (pp. 17-30)

    To the question about what masculinity and manhood really are, we humbly respond that they are cultural constructions. The velocity with which interdisciplinary researchers are willing to dismiss certain cultural masculinities from the ledger of appropriate, sustainable, normal, healthy, and progressive gendered identities is astounding. Those masculinities are then treated as unacceptable and rendered useless. The problem with this is not so much that ignoble, pernicious masculine behavior is instantly acceptable or compelling because of some relativist formula, but that these masculinities and these behaviors call for critical observation within their own global, historical, and cultural contexts. Persistent exclusion of...

  6. 1 negotiating Jamaican Masculinities
    (pp. 31-51)

    Jamaican masculinity is a social construction that has everything to do with the ways in which slavery, colonialism, and now globalization have produced identity performances that are multiple and conflicted. There are several current analyses that examine the history of the construction of masculinity in the Caribbean generally and Jamaica specifically (see, for example, Lewis, 2003; Forbes, 2005; Lindsay, 2002; Reddock, 2004). These works approach analysis from interdisciplinary perspectives including history, literary studies, and sociology. The concept of Caribbean masculinity is a subject of significant debate between and among these scholars. In influential scholarly volumes by authors such as Lewis...

  7. 2 Queer(y)ing Masculinities
    (pp. 52-74)

    Masculinity is performative. Not simply that itisa performance as in a doing; maybe masculinity isperformativity; an assessment of the embodied thing done, the iteration and achievement of the expected (Butler, 1990b; Diamond, 1996; Pollock, 2006; Edwards, 2006). Yet the foundational logics and the vast body of literature on masculinity fall short of actually defining masculinity in concrete terms, outside of the referential social expectations of being a man or manly, in relation to its assumed opposite—within the social and cultural context of its assessment. Such referential discussions of masculinity just seem queer to me.Queer, not...

  8. 3 Disposable Masculinities in istanbul
    (pp. 75-105)

    At the peak of the armed conflict between the Turkish army and the PKK (Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan, the Kurdistan Worker’s Party) in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Turkish state forces evacuated some Kurdish villages and hamlets in Southeastern Anatolia and displaced Kurdish inhabitants without offering them any other place to live. These internally displaced people (IDP) mostly settled in big cities like Istanbul. Here they have developed various tactics¹ to survive in their everyday life. Although a certain awareness of the issue of internal displacement has been raised with the contributions of some civil organizations and academic research in...

  9. 4 Wounded Masculinity and nationhood in Peru
    (pp. 106-123)

    Looking at the photographs inYuyanapaq, the photo exhibit created by the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), one is overwhelmed by images of wounded men. There are also a few images of men in power, but that power is mostly derived either from the guns they carry or from a position of privilege acquired from a combination of factors that include socio-economic status and, more often than not, the color of one’s skin. But even men in power look uncertain in those photographs. They do not seem to be in control; they look scared or confused, inexpressive or enraged....

  10. 5 Postcolonial Masculinity and Commodity Culture in Kenya
    (pp. 124-140)

    InThe Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon (1961) describes the African social elite as a bourgeoisie without capital. This characteristic is attributed to Africa’s “postcolonial” leaders, primarily because they are not endowed with the means and infrastructures of production through which their social status as a bourgeoisie can be validated. Conceptions of masculinity as embedded within political power structures have often been problematized within “postcolonial” discourse. African scholars, authors and filmmakers such as Ousmane Sembene (1974) have, for example, explored the theme of impotence as an embodiment of the African leader’s sociopolitical condition. This chapter seeks to analyze the...

  11. 6 War, Masculinity, and native Americans
    (pp. 141-160)

    In many Native American communities, especially in the Western United States, one particular answer to the question “What makes a man who he is in this culture?” often surprises non-Natives. War veterans have a particularly honored place in these communities, and for as long as they have been American citizens, participation in the U.S. armed forces has been a highly significant source of pride for Native American individuals. It is commonly estimated that of all the racial and ethnic demographic groups who comprise the American military, Native Americans have the highest percentage of honorable discharges (Shoyo, 2005).

    This chapter draws...

  12. 7 representing Aboriginal Masculinity in Howard’s Australia
    (pp. 161-185)

    On November 24, 2007, Australia’s conservative Coalition government was voted out after eleven years in office. Its loss was so decisive that the prime minister, John Howard, suffered the ignominy of being only the second prime minister in Australian history to lose his electoral seat. A contributing factor to his downfall was his determined march towards the neoliberal Right through his economic and industrial policies. For good or ill, he will be remembered for his attempts to return the nation to the ostensibly halcyon days of the 1950s, arguably, a time when the hegemony of white patriarchy was untroubled by...

  13. 8 Beyond Jackie Chan
    (pp. 186-201)

    In recent years, cultural theorists and other media scholars have noted the impact that globalization has had on media representations. For scholars such as Fiske (1997), globalization has had an empowering impact on audiences. He argues that “global capitalism has no choice but to recognize that it has to deal with multiple markets,” and as a result, the cultural industries “will have to stop claiming the national as their local and will have to be explicitly localized or denationalized” (Fiske, 1997, pp. 58, 64). But Fiske’s celebration of the new global audience and the “eroding” power of the cultural industries...

  14. 9 Body Politics: Masculinities in Sport
    (pp. 202-222)

    This chapter explores some of the processes through which embodied masculinities are reproduced and experienced in sport. These processes inextricably bring together the materiality of bodies and the social and cultural practices through which identifications in particular versions of masculinity are made. Sport has strong and long-lasting associations with both masculinity and embodiment and I seek to explore some of the interconnections between the two by looking at the centrality of bodies and body practices in sport and the histories of embodied masculinity that have such powerful resonance in sporting narratives, especially those of social exclusion and the struggles against...

  15. Contributors
    (pp. 223-226)
  16. index
    (pp. 227-229)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 230-233)