Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
The Selected Papers of Jane Addams

The Selected Papers of Jane Addams: vol. 2: Venturing into Usefulness, 1881-88

Elizabeth Stevens
Stewart Burns
Ellen Skerrett
Copyright Date: 2009
Pages: 808
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    The Selected Papers of Jane Addams
    Book Description:

    Venturing into Usefulness, the second volume of The Selected Papers of Jane Addams, documents the experience of this major American historical figure, intellectual, social activist, and author between June 1881, when at twenty-one she had just graduated from Rockford Female Seminary, and early 1889, when she was on the verge of founding the Hull-House settlement with Ellen Gates Starr. During these years she was developing into the social reformer and advocate of women's rights, socioeconomic justice, and world peace she would eventually become. She evolved from a high-minded but inexperienced graduate of a women's seminary into an educated woman and seasoned traveler well-exposed to elite culture and circles of philanthropy._x000B__x000B_Artfully annotated, The Selected Papers of Jane Addams offers an evocative choice of correspondence, photographs, and other primary documents, presenting a multi-layered narrative of Addams's personal and emerging professional life. Themes inaugurated in the previous volume are expanded here, including dilemmas of family relations and gender roles; the history of education; the dynamics of female friendship; religious belief and ethical development; changes in opportunities for women; and the evolution of philanthropy, social welfare, and reform ideas.

    eISBN: 978-0-252-09037-0
    Subjects: Sociology, History

Table of Contents

Export Selected Citations Export to NoodleTools Export to RefWorks Export to EasyBib Export a RIS file (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...) Export a Text file (For BibTex)
  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-xii)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xxiv)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. xxv-xl)

    Venturing into Usefulness, the second volume of The Selected Papers of Jane Addams, presents primary documentation with editorial comment about Jane Addams’s experience from June 1881, when she was twenty-one and newly graduated from Rockford Female Seminary in Rockford, Illinois, to early 1889, the eve of her founding of the Hull-House settlement in Chicago with Ellen Gates Starr. These years, which she would later describe in her memoirs as a long “snare of preparation,” were pivotal in her development into the social reformer and advocate of women’s rights, socioeconomic justice, and world peace she would become. When she returned home...

  6. Editorial Method
    (pp. xli-xlvi)
  7. Abbreviations and Symbols
    (pp. xlvii-lii)
  8. PART 1 Fitted for a Life of Usefulness, 1881–83

    • Introduction
      (pp. 3-42)

      In the fall of 1881, Jane Addams, twenty-one years old and a recent graduate of Rockford Female Seminary, joined her sister Alice and Alice’s husband, Harry Haldeman, in the pursuit of medical education in prestigious institutions in Philadelphia. Jane Addams was following up on an ambition developed while at the seminary. The idea of medical school and becoming a physician built on interests in science and social betterment she had held since childhood. The interest in science she had shared with her stepbrother George Haldeman and fostered in her coursework at Rockford. The concern with hands-on social improvement came to...


      • [ca. late June 1881], from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 43-44)

        Dear Jane,

        I have not congratulated you on the Valedictory, or answered your note, or replied to your first invitation, or done anything that I ought to have done, because I have been ill, & I think when you behold this you will readily believe that I am still, I write in bed.¹ I thought I could do a little better than this, so insisted on writing myself, though my father² offered to write for me. I have been sick in bed for more than a week, & before that for about a week more while I was having fever I got...

      • 14 July 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 44-46)
        Sarah F. Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        Your letter came in good time as help from you has come ever since we have been together.¹ Your belief in me and your real liking for me has helped me more than you can well realize. I do not think I am an indolent person at least so far as my physical nature is concerned but I do need a spur or some one, who—well you to make any thing of myself. No I do not exactly mean that, for I dont think and I know you do not, that my life would have been...

      • 7 Aug. 1881, from Martha Thomas
        (pp. 46-49)
        Mattie Thomas

        My Dear Jane;

        Yesterday I felt wretched, was about half sick and wanted to write to you then just as I promised I would but couldn’t get around to it. I expect you have been comfortable out on the lake these last days when we have been suffering with the heat. Your letter was such a comfort to me. Bennie came running up with it one warm afternoon[.] I am glad you are going to have such a lovely trip, but when I told Pa about it he seemed to think you could come this way on your way home...

      • 17 Aug. 1881, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 50-51)
        Helen Harrington

        Dear Jane,

        Your letter¹ finally found its way to me and with it a new sense of the loss of the companionship that had grown to be such a strength and comfort. Those few words from you made me cry again as all the homesickness and loneliness of this strange place had failed to do. And someway the days as they pass do not make me miss you less.²

        The wheels of destiny seem to stand still as far as I am concerned[.] I never in my life before felt so utterly adrift. I had planned to spend a quiet...

      • 21 Aug. 1881, from Isaac E. Carey
        (pp. 51-55)
        Isaac E. Carey

        My dear friend,

        Your Telegram⁶ announcing the death of your father did not, for some reason, reach me till the afternoon of the 20th, when I judged it to be impossible for me to reach Freeport in season for the funeral. Had it come to hand on the morning of the 19th, as it should have done, I should have immediately started for Freeport. Having attended the funeral of your mother and your sister, also that of Mr Halderman,⁷ I should have esteemed it a sad privilege to be with you also in this new overwhelming sorrow, and to express...

      • 21 Aug. 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 55-55)
        Sarah F. Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        Has anything happened! Are you all well! I heard this afternoon in a very round about, indirect way that all was not well, wont you write me a line.¹

        I am glad dear that you had as another trip on the Lake.² Sorry you were sick, but hope it really did you good. How is that miserable back. I wrote Ellen & have heard from her since, poor child I am sorry she is so worn out, it takes so long to build up.³

        My dear Childie I wish I could see you. Write at once. I pray...

      • 21 Aug. 1881, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 55-56)
        Ellen Starr

        My dear friend;

        I have hardly thought of any one but you and dear Mrs. Addams since I knew about your sorrow. From the two lovely visits I enjoyed in what I thought one of the happiest families I ever saw, I can judge partly what that sorrow is. And long before I ever went to your home, I knew how large a part of your heart your father filled, though you never talked much about him. My dear girl, how I wish I was good enough to help you. Others will do that, I hope. I only want you...

      • 22 Aug. 1881, from Charles Caverno
        (pp. 56-57)
        C. Caverno

        Miss Jane Addams

        I reproach myself now for not doing what I felt I ought to do immediately after I came from Rockford at your Comct[.]

        I was there told that you were intending to go to Smith College this fall. I have wanted all along to enter a protest against your doing that on account of your health. I have not much fear but that you will attend to your mental and moral culture too but I do fear you will not think enough of the priceless value of sound health and that you will crowd yourself beyond physical...

      • 26 Aug. 1881, from John Manning Linn
        (pp. 57-58)
        J. M. Linn

        Dear Sister Jane,

        The minute or two in which you talked with me scarcely gave you time even to tell me your own thoughts. But you apparently told me all you desired to tell. The poignancy of your grief arises from many causes, principally from the fact that your heart & life were wrapped up in your Pa. This is greatly to your credit and in your sorrow ought to be many elements of joy for not every daughter has such a father to love & revere. You knew too all he had suffered and you tried to comfort him. In this...

      • 29 Aug. 1881, from T. H. Haseltine
        (pp. 59-59)
        T. H. Haseltine

        My dear Jane:

        I would much rather step in & talk with you this morning than to try to say anything by letter, this is the first moment of liesure since hearing of your sorrow. When first hearing it it seemed to me I must go to you all & help bear it but could not be at the funeral as I did not know it in time. Previous engagement—poor health for the past month—& pressing work at home interfered. I hope to see you as soon as I can.

        I can only imagine how crushing this blow is to you...

      • 3 Sept. 1881, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 59-60)
        Jane Addams

        My dear friend

        Your first letter reached me on Lake Superior¹ when I was as sea-sick as Mark Twain was crossing the Atlantic,² or I should have written to you at once and on the spot.

        I am so sorry you are tired out and wish with all my heart that I could do some-thing for you. Two duties I solemnly charge you with—drink a bottle of malt every day and use for your chief food desicated blood, the first called Hoffs Extract and the second manufacturied in Detroit, I know they will help build you up for I...

      • 10 Sept. 1881, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 60-61)
        Ellen G Starr

        My dear girl,

        I received your letter after my return, or I should have stopped a little while on my way back. Mother forgot to hand it to me until Friday, so there was not time then even for a day. I am glad you want to see me, & I can’t tell you how much I want to see you. So I think you will make me a visit in Chicago sometime during the year. Two years is a long time for people not to see each other, especially young people. I think the Christmas holidays would be a lovely...

      • 11 Sept. 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 61-64)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        A beautiful morning—I think had I been with you I should have proposed a walk, perhaps the next best thing is to open the window sit near the sunshine and write you. I think this is one of the mornings when as Geo. Elliott says the very noises give sign or token of peace. I am conscious of not very beautifully expressing her sentiment, but I was reading a few lines of Middle march this morning and came to that.¹ I would like to talk of the connection & the after thoughts, but it would be too...

      • 16 Sept. 1881, from Mary P. Ellwood
        (pp. 64-66)

        My dear Jane.

        Well here I am but I wish I was well out of it.——¹ I arrived here yesterday morning & am writing to you this A.M. haint I a good girl? We that is Puss[,] Will² & I left home Wed morning and arrived here yesterday morning we went to the hotel washed and then as the College is almost on Main St we walked up here—!?! I was invited to make out a blank giving my fathers name[,] occupation[,] my name etc and even my mothers maiden name & the place I was born in³ then I was...

      • 21 [and 22] Sept. 1881, from Martha Thomas
        (pp. 66-68)
        Mattie T.

        My Dear Jane;

        It don’t seem as though I had seen you at all our visit was so very brief and I have wondered since why I didn’t inquire if you were coming back this way & if so when—I have had so much leisure lately I could have gone to the train any day.¹ I have been counting all the time on seeing you over Sunday but this morning I spoke to Miss Sill² & she said certainly I could go if—she didn’t give me a Bible division she would try & let me know tomorrow morning so I could...

      • 22 [and 27] Sept. 1881, from Eleanor Frothingham
        (pp. 68-70)

        My dear Jane;

        I am sorry not to have been home when your letter came.¹ I had intended to have written to you the first of the month but was sick in bed for a long while—in fact till I started for Lansing last week. My dear girl, I know I can say nothing to comfort you in this hard trial but, believe me, I sympathize with you from the bottom of my heart. I long to say something, to do something that may bring you comfort but distance separates us so all I can do is to use...

      • 1 Oct. 1881, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 70-71)
        Helen Harrington

        My Dear Friend,

        You have been very much in my heart and thoughts of late and I have wanted to write to you but knew no word was needed to assure you of my deepest sympathy and feared that anything I might say would wound and not comfort. In the days when we worked together you helped me so much to be patient and cheerful under a lot that was, in some ways, very hard to bear and I was so powerless to help you in any way except through the sympathy of a kindred grief. I wish I could...

      • 4 Oct. 1881, from Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 71-74)
        Mary C. A. Linn

        My dear Jennie,

        Your kind letter received was very glad to hear from you,⁷ although my anxiety was relieved by a postal from Ma and also one from John Taylor.⁸

        Was also glad to get Alice’s letter although it had rather an abrupt ending. Suppose she and Harry went home on Monday. Hope we will have a chance to see you all before you start East. I do not feel as if I could have you all go off without coming to see us, if only for a short time. If you cant do any better you can come this...

      • 26 Oct. 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 74-80)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        Your letters do me good, as the sunshine, as the spring, as great fields of green.

        I must give an account of myself, for I have been touring as well as you, my lady!

        Miss Sill and I went to St Louis to attend the meetings of the Am. Board for Foreign Missions. We went to Chicago the 15th inst. did not reach Rockford until 24th. On reaching Chicago the 15th, I went directly to Palmer House where Annie Penfield Mower⁴ was stopping and at which place I had asked Ellen Starr to meet...

      • 16 Nov. 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 80-83)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane:

        A business meeting of the Alumnae Association was called for last Saturday in Cong’l Hall by the Pres. Miss Emma Spafford,¹ and the following resolution passed. Resolved ‘That the Alumnae Association proceed to raise funds to procure a telescope, microscopes and other needed appliances for the advancement of Students of the Seminary.’

        But I must go back a little you will remember that last year at the regular business meeting Miss Talcott² Miss Lathrop³ & Miss Perry⁴ were appointed committee to cooperate with trustees in raising funds to erect another a building for scientific purposes. Well the trustees...

      • 19 Dec. 1881, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 83-84)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane—

        I shall not have the time to write you before the holidays all that I want to say about next year, for I am going home, will probably start Thursday noon—and there are so many things to do before I can go—but I want to say to you that I am thinking seriously of studying another year. I know that if I ever study medicine I ought not to put it off until later, but I am not fully convinced that it is best for me to do so. What is your opinion, my dear....

      • 24 Dec. 1881, from Sarah F. Blaisdell
        (pp. 84-87)
        Sarah F. Blaisdell

        Dear Jane,

        Your very friendly letter was duly received and I thank you for all it contained of expression of confidence and affection.⁴ Every day no doubt, increases your consciousness of loss but especially these days when families gather and give unusual expression of affectionate interest. I realize your loss and also the wealth you have in what was put into your own character by the influence of your father’s high Christian principles and what you have and the ever fresh recollection of what he was and what his counsel would be if present to be consulted in the...

      • 30 Dec. 1881, from Emma L. Briggs
        (pp. 87-93)
        Emma L. Briggs

        Miss Addams:—

        Preparation for the holidays and a week’s absence have prevented my answering sooner the kindest and most useful letter that I ever received. I disliked very much to trouble you at all and had no thought of your entering so into details and thank you sincerely for your kindness.

        I have always thought that I should not attend a woman’s medical, because from what I could learn, I judged the instructors & course of study were inferior, and I desire the best or none.² But from what you have written & from the catalogue I judge it to be the...

      • 1 Jan. 1882, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 93-97)
        Ellen G. Starr

        My dear Jane,

        Christmas day which I intended to dedicate partially to you slipped away without my finding time to write. So I shall begin the New Year with you. I believe I once described the Midnight Christmas service to you.⁷ So it is unnecessary to do it now. I always feel as though I heard the angels singing when I go to that service. The first thing you hear is a burst of sound from the choir room, & then the door opens, & these white robed boys come in & pass down the aisle singing. The music is beautiful. I always...

      • 11 Jan. 1882, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 97-98)
        S. F. Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        It seems a long time since I have written you, since I have been trying to write you. You have the faculty which I wish I had and yet which I believe you would be better off without, that of doing good work when tired and sick, now I give up lie down, do only the things that must be done. This condition of things has postponed this letter, and then this is an unusually busy time of year. But I have felt like talking to you, but not writing—Dear Jane, I do hope you will...

      • 7 [and 9] Feb. 1882, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 98-100)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        Only a few words this mornin—I wish you were here to take a walk with me. It is warm and the air is fresh, if it were not for the almanac I should call it April.

        In a letter from Ellen Starr last evening she says unless I come into Chicago on or before the 17th inst she is coming out here—I quote “Life is too short to waste in this way.” You would have recognized Ellen in that if I had not said from whom the letter came. I will talk the matter over...

      • 11 Feb. 1882, from Laura A. Malburn
        (pp. 100-103)
        Laura A Malburn

        My dear Miss Addams

        Your kind note has relieved my mind from a heavy burden of anxiety. I have for many days been distressed that my dearest friend was in such peril.

        My constant desire and petitions have been for her safety and that the operation might prove a perfect success. Oh! how rejoiced I am that it is past, and I have bright hopes that it will perfect a cure, bringing restored health, and many days of enjoyment free from pain and despondence, also weariness and lassitude which always attend such diseases, and distract from every pleasure which life...

      • 12 Feb. 1882, from George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 103-105)

        My Dear Jane,

        Your last kind letter brought much encouragement to me, it was so fortunate to have everything result so happily and I trust the restoration will be permanent & that you will both be back by spring vacation. Of course it will be a striking change to you at Cedarville from Philadelphia and I have thought perhaps that it would be best for me to stay with you during the spring term. It is merely a suggestion but it could be arranged nicely. I will make up Tacitus³ this term, and there remains only Mental Philosophy and Demosthenes.⁴ As...

      • 9 Mar. 1882, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 106-107)
        Helen Harrington

        Dear Jane,

        In looking forward to the coming summer, the hope of seeing you again is one of my brightest anticipations. The days we four spent at Cedarville last spring seem to me like such a quiet enjoyment of friendship and beauty as will seldom come to any of us, and I shall be so glad to come again if the Fates¹ permit. I will tell you definitely when I find what time father wants me to be ready to go west with him. If you are not disappointed in me when we meet again, and you cannot conceal it...

      • 19 Mar. 1882, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 108-108)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen—

        Will you believe me if I say that your Christmas message and kindly letter were to me the dearest part of the Christmas time, and that a non acknowledgment has n’t been from a lack of sympathy or of desire for our old fashioned letters.¹ It was only because the letters I did write were not those which ought to be sent & I know you would only have been disappointed in them and in me.

        We are going to start for home next Wednesday. I will be dreadfully disappointed if I don’t see at least for...

      • 29 Mar. 1882, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 108-109)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane:

        Was so glad to see Alice¹ yesterday, but did not have enough she made so short a stop and there were so many to see her.

        Now my little lady, word comes from Ellen that she hopes I will come this week as after this week there are to be two others in the house and so it will be more difficult to find a place for me. I know that when alone they call the house full so under the circumstances I think I had better go this week, and so good bye to you my...

      • 9 Apr. 1882, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 109-111)
        Ellen G Starr

        Dear Jane,

        My exhausted condition of body explains the fact of my remaining at home, or rather in Annie Beckwith’s room, writing letters instead of going to church on Easter Sunday. I was partially ill while Miss Anderson was here, & have remained so ever since from concurring causes, but it didn’t prevent my having a lovely time, & I think she enjoyed her visit as much as I did. I wish you had been with us. I looked upon my effort to bring together under favorable circumstances the persons whom I wished to know each other, with great complacency. Miss Rice,...

      • 11 [and 12] Apr. 1882, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 111-113)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My Jane, my dear girl,

        I am lonesome! and I want to propose that you spend some time with your sister very soon and stop here for a couple of days both going & returning. Every one asks, ‘when is she coming?’ Miss Sill wanted to know tonight how soon we might see you. You’ll come, wont you dear?, perhaps this week. You must surely come before Ellen comes the first of May. I want you once more before then.¹

        I reached Rockford about half past eight—left Freeport at 6.15, had supper at Mrs. Allen’s.

        When Miss Sill asks me...

      • 15 Apr. 1882, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 113-116)
        Helen Harrington

        My dear friend,

        Your letter is just received and it makes me quite enthusiastic on the subject of degrees.⁴ I would like so much to go back to the old Sem. with you and take that last gift of our, “alma mater”—it would seem like beginning over again and together. I should never think of trying for it at any other time than now or under any other circumstances than with you.

        I sent for a catalogue and wrote to Miss Sill but cannot find out definitely what more than we had is required. I have had all the...

      • 14 May 1882, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 116-117)
        Ellen G. Starr

        My dear Jane,

        Your pleasant letter was received a few days before I left Chicago.¹ My trip did me good, I think, in point of health, though it was so cold up there that I wore a “wadded” jacket & a fur cloak over it all the time. It is lovely up there, & in summer, when everything is green, must be a sort of paradise. I hope you can come out & visit me in the summer in addition to the visit I intend to make you. I want to do a good deal toward making up my losses in respect of...

      • 1 June 1882, from George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 117-119)

        My Dear Jane,

        It was a pleasure to hear from you and I may say something that has not been enjoyed recently. I fear you are having troubleous times, and I naturally wonder at Tilghman’s¹ sudden departure, the blighted hope of a new lawn mower probably was a motive in that direction, or perhaps you didn’t give him any employment? It is strange Jane that the atmosphere affects you.² I always imagined that it was the reverse and that your influence at least on the home atmosphere was the most cheerful, and you have not changed my opinion by your...

      • [4 June?] [1882], from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 119-120)
        Sarah F Anderson

        Dear Jane,

        Thought it possible you might be planning to come the first of the week and write to say that I will be gone until Wednesday noon. Miss Blaisdell is here and it is so good to have her. I hope you will come Thursday or Friday to stay until after commencement.¹

        I really need to talk to you. Miss Sill talked with me again on Thursday and then it was left that I did not return, and on Friday she asked Miss Beattie² to take my place. I think it quite possible that she may have something else...

      • 6 June 1882, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 120-122)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane.

        Your letter came this morning, but I was intending to write you in any case.¹ You are my good angel, dear. I dont in any sense deserve your thought and attention as you give it, but you cant know how good beyond words it is to know that you do care for me in this way.

        I think likely I will stay here next year, making some arrangements with teachers to do my work or such part of it as must be done while I am gone—but I hardly think I can get away another year...

      • 8 June 1882, from Mary P. Ellwood
        (pp. 122-123)
        Mary P. Ellwood

        My dear Jane:—

        Dont be frightened at my answering your letter¹ so soon but I wanted to write to you about coming to college next year—I beg of you my friend dont come if you are not well dont come if you have to brace—for it will not pay in the end—but if you are well then come by all means—I hardly think I shall return next year as I am getting a little tired of study & should like a rest—I have been at it for six years now and now would like a change...

      • [21 June] 1882, Commencement Report in the Rockford Seminary Magazine
        (pp. 124-129)

        “It is all indication of growth most satisfying to all interested in the progress of education, to notice the increasing attraction which the annual commencement of Rockford Female Seminary furnishes for the citizens of Rockford. Each annual recurring occasion of this character is marked by a larger attendance of those who have no special interest in any of the young ladies who appear prominently before the public, but who are devoted to the cause of higher education, and who are anxious to lend the encouragement of their presence to all good work in this direction.

        “The thirty-first commencement of Rockford...

      • 26 July 1882, from John Weber Addams
        (pp. 129-131)

        Dear Jane—

        Your card of the 21st came to hand yesterday. Glad to hear that you are taking so much enjoyment from the sights &c of “quaint old Nantucket.”

        Laura went to Marys last Wednesday and expect her & Sadie back to day.³

        Mary expects to start for Chatauqua this afternoon. Hope she will have a pleasant time. She takes Maggie with her to help look after the children.

        We have been having fair weather for the last ten days no rain for all that time with a good breeze blowing all the time—but looks like we would have rain...

      • 29 Aug. 1882, from Sarah F. Blaisdell
        (pp. 131-132)
        Sarah F. Blaisdell

        Dear Jane,

        Your welcome letter came to me on Saturday.¹ Thank you for letting me know of yourself and your plans. I was sorry to learn of your Mother’s illness and glad that she has prospect of better health in the future. The year has been a severe one for her with its sorrowful changes—severe indeed for you all though not without its brightness—your grief mitigated by happy recollections & comforting hopes. I am glad indeed to know that the summer has been one of enjoyment in the midst of new and varying scenes and especially glad that you...

      • 1 Sept. 1882, from Mary P. Ellwood
        (pp. 133-134)
        Mary P. Ellwood

        My dear Jane;—

        Your letter was received yesterday¹ —I am sorry we shall not be able to see each other but am more sorry your mother is ill. I do wish I could see you before you go to Northampton—I could tell you so many things that I can not write—about “entering on a diploma” that is very easily done[.] All I was asked was Does this meet all the requirements of entering & I said yes & was given a certificate of admittion on three months probation & if at the end of that time you do not come up...

      • 10 Sept. 1882, from Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 134-138)
        Alice Haldeman

        My dear Jane

        Your note received.⁹ Am glad the birthday remembrance was such a delight.

        I write you Jane to have you come out and see us[.] Harry has something to relieve your back.

        He has thought of that back night and day and has tried successfully a similar case Captain Ewing of Fontanelle who is still stopping with us. So come on Jane and give us the comfort of helping your back.

        Harry wants you to come before you go to Smith’s¹⁰ as he feels sure and so do I that he can help you.

        Love to the folks...

      • 22 Oct. 1882, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 138-143)
        Ellen G. Starr

        My dear girl:

        Your letter¹ was a pleasure as well as pain to me, I don’t often “give taffy,” to use a slang phrase, so let me have the luxury of saying that I do think you have a beautiful disposition. You really have no idea yourself how admirable you are in that respect; & I am just beginning to appreciate it. I told Miss Anderson (whom I saw for a day) that I thought people in general who like you & admire you, appreciate your good mind more than your good heart, which is a mistake. Well, my friend, I believe...

      • 7 Jan. 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 143-146)
        Jane Addams

        My dear friend,

        I remember that all the letters Dr Johnson wrote during the year 1783 contain minute accounts of his asthma & the fifty ounces of lost blood; you doubtless retain as I do, a very dreary impression of these same letters, notwithstanding the pious reflections of the dear old man.¹

        You see the analogy I was audacious enough to imagine. I steadily resolved during the last six months to write no letters. I was may be too, a little ashamed to show even to my good friends against what lassitude, melancholy and general crookedness I was struggling. I have...

      • 12 Jan. [1883], from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 146-148)
        Ellen Starr

        My dear Jane,

        I have now a space of time long enough to feel it worth while to begin a letter with reasonable certainty of being able to finish it. Have waited for such an interval since receiving your lovely letter, which I should have considered it a calamity to be unable to read. I found no difficulty about it however. I appreciate very highly the effort you make to write me such a long letter, & assure you that the pleasure it gives me is proportional. I am not “going taffy” when I say that you must have such a...

      • [ca. Feb.–Mar. 1883], from Anna Hostetter Haldeman Addams
        (pp. 148-152)
        A H H Addams

        My Dear Jane—

        Your letter like a welcome bird of passage, brough[t] good news and made us glad;¹ The Jacket—is what worries me can you not be once properly fitted and then use your powers, and see if you are getting strong.² Weir Mitchell—with his fondest expectations—could wish no better patient for the rest cure than you have been,—You certainly have tested the merits there may be in keeping quiet—’tho the soreness of the back kept you from resting when it was first treated. Am so glad cousin Mary is better—and once more in...

      • 22 Apr. 1883, from Sarah F. Anderson
        (pp. 152-155)
        Sarah F Anderson

        My dear Jane,

        I am afraid you are sick. Wont you write me a line or have some one do it for you. I have heard that Weber went to Jacksonville instead of Elgin, and have been afraid that, this change of plans must have given rise to new anxieties and perplexities⁴—dear heart there has been much given you to meet these past few years, and though so sorry that they came to you, so young, that they came at all. I am in a certain sense glad to see that the word is true, ‘as thy day so...

      • 24 Apr. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 155-159)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We felt quite forlorn when we left you on the train and as we walked up street realized that we had left the best part of ourselves. We had a busy afternoon, bought plush for my black silk and did some of Mary’s¹ shopping. We saw Mr Barton² a little while in the afternoon, he expressed much regret at your departure but hoped we would have no more critical issues.³ In short my dear, he spoke in the kindest manner and with a great deal of sincere respect. Saturday morning, Mr Rich the mill-wright took Laura and...

      • 24 Apr. 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 160-160)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Friend—

        I was very much delighted and comforted to receive your picture. Nothing has pleased me so much for a long time, I have stationed it where I can see you almost every minute I am in the house, and the fact of its being there makes a great difference to me in the entire house. It is not as good as it ought to be, but I find myself liking it better.

        I never acknowledged your Esther card,¹ my dear, but not because I did n’t appreciate.

        We have been in the midst of perplexity and...

      • 25 Apr. 1883, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 160-161)

        My dear girl:

        I received your sweet letter this afternoon; so thoughtful for others & so forgetful of yourself, that it was just the sort of reproach to me that I happened to need just now. You make me ashamed that I ever allow myself to fall into a frame of mind to question whether what we get out of existence is worth the trouble it is to exist; as if that were the question at all. My dear, I won’t say I admire you more, for that is a cold word, & you have too little vanity to care for admiration;...

      • 25 Apr. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 161-162)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Inclosed find Dr McFarland letter with Mr Ball’s receipt.¹ We showed it to Mr Barton yesterday afternoon and he said we had better refer him to you, telling him that you had made all the financial arrangements. We all think here Mr Barton & Laura & myself, that Dr Prince had better be paid at once, you had better send the five dollars direct to him and inform Dr McFarland of the fact. As to the rest, of course it is an open question, Mr Barton says they can’t collect it after giving your receipt in full but as...

      • 1 May 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 162-163)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your kind letter came yesterday but we still find ourselves in perplexity in regard to Jacksonville. Please send Dr Prince’s bill right away, for we think there doubt but what we ought to pay that and besides we wrote to Dr McFarland that that had been sent, for I thought you would do it as soon as you received the last letter. Laura had a very insulting letter from the young Dr the other day, and we can’t very well lay ourselves open to things like that even if we are imposed on. We will show that...

      • 3 May 1883, from Anna P. Sill
        (pp. 163-165)
        Anna P. Sill

        My dear Miss Addams,

        You have received a notice of the meeting of our Board of Trustees, next week, Thursday. The principal business will be,

        1st To adjust the Salaries of Teachers on semipermanent uniform basis, with regards the College and the Preparatory Dep’ts

        2. Some important vacancies are to be filled

        3. What changes shall be made in the term of our Catalogue, if any

        4. How to remedy somewhat diminished patronage from abroad, and what are its causes? The latter clause first considered.

        5. Shall free tuition be given to Rockford Students in the College Course.¹

        6. What methods used to be used...

      • 7 May 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 165-166)
        Jane Addams

        My dearest Alice—

        Laura[,] Sadie and I came back from Harvard yesterday,¹ it did us all good I think, for Laura grows very depressed at times and is always more cheerful after being away. The business worries her a good deal, I have been able to help her some and we are trying to keep it perfectly straight, but there is so much expenditure required just now in the mill and the dam, the men won’t leave the mill until this week, while the work on the dam has just fairly begun. Of course Web² may have had clearly in...

      • 10 May 1883, Minutes of Special Meeting of the Rockford Female Seminary Board of Trustees
        (pp. 167-169)
        Frank P. Woodbury

        May 10th 1883.

        The Board met at the Seminary pursuant to the call of the Executive Committee.

        The following members were present: Rev. Joseph Emerson, D.D. President. Rev. W. S. Curtis D.D. Vice President. Rev. Frank P. Woodbury Secretary. Rev. Hiram Foote, Hon. S. D. Hastings, Rev. Wilder Smith, Hon[.] William Lathrop, D. Selwyn Clark, M.D[.], Rev. J. K. Fowler.¹

        The following honorary members were present. Miss Anna P. Sill, Mrs. W. A. Talcott, Mrs. Seely Perry, Miss Jane Addams, Mrs. David Keyt.²

        The meeting was opened with prayer by the President.

        The Secretary stated that, in accordance with authorization...

      • 22 May 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 169-170)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I am sorry that I delayed and put off letter writing last week and that you found the silence ominous, but we were some way busy and preoccupied. I am more glad and relieved than I can tell, to be back again with Ma in the old home, where I can think freer and more quietly some way for I was beginning to feel smothered with the business cares. As Carlyle expressed it felt that I was by no means “of weight for the adventure[.]” That the dealings were beyond my powers and comprehension and it...

      • 23 May 1883, from Eva E. Townsend Clark
        (pp. 171-171)
        Eva Clark

        Dear Miss Addams

        Your letter has gratified me exceedingly and touched me as well for I think it very kind of you to be willing to give time and thought to anything outside of your own cares and responsibilities.¹

        Your subject pleases me: it is altogether original and delightful and I am sure that as treated by you the only “uncomfortableness” will be in name.

        How shall I phrase it for the toast-mistress? Both titles are so good it seems a pity to leave out either. What would you say then to putting it “To the uncertainty of evolution or...

      • 29 May 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 172-172)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Sister

        I don’t understand why it is you do not receive my letters for I certainly have been writing at respectable intervals ever since you left us. I have only time for a short note this morning; all goes well as usual, we are busy seeing to some what reduced wardrobes and preparing for Decoration Day¹ which Cedarville intends to celebrate with unusual pomp this year.

        About the pictures at Mr Abgail I think we decided on the Mater Dolorosa[,] the Sistine Madonna and the others I do not remember especially, only that both the calves and turkeys...

      • 5 June 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 173-175)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I have thought of you all day—this your birthday.¹ I am sorry that my visible rememberance will be late this year. But I hope you will see it some time the last of the week. Little Web has counted up his pennies to buy a birthday card but could n’t find one to suit him in the collection at Harvard as he indignantly told his mother, and we have n’t had time yet to get it in Freeport.

        On last Wednesday we received the news of Aunt Susan’s death.² Ma and I went to Mt Carroll...

      • 15 June 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 176-176)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I am glad you enjoyed the cup and saucer and hope you may placidly drink tea out of it on your sixtieth birthday. The Beloit Commencement is the 27" of June, we of course expect to see Harry here before then. Ma and I are going up the day before and George has engaged rooms for us but he expects Harry to room with him and is counting on a good long visit and an opportunity to show him all the lions of Beloit.

        The change in the summer school is to go to Annisquam on Cape...

      • [20 June] 1883, Speech to the Annual Meeting of the Rockford Female Seminary Alumnae Association
        (pp. 176-178)

        Every beginning christened with young hope has a magic in its new name. As if it were accompanied by a gay-eyed phantom who cried, “I am the spirit of youth! with me all things are possible.”

        We saw this phantom a year ago, when we heard the old letters A. B. for the first time gravely spoken in our chapel, and when Rockford Seminary was declared a College.¹ The new name woke up a tumultuous multitude of wishes, ideas and expectations. We felt for the moment as if we stood upon the opening of a freer and broader scholarship, and...

      • 2 July 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 178-180)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Please excuse lead pencil but it is positively too warm to handle pen and ink. I send by this morning’s mail Harry’s chess score which he will be no doubt very glad to see. We all feel dreadfully over the short visit here, it is almost as if we had n’t seen him at all.¹

        I hoped up to the very last minute that you would come with him. So much has happened and been thought of since you left in the spring, that it seems a long long time since I have seen you.

        Weber came...

      • 3 July 1883, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 181-181)
        Ellen G. Starr

        My dear Jane,

        I am ever so glad, not only that you are going to the sea side, but that you are going now, & coming back in August. I understood Miss Anderson that you were going away in Aug & as Miss Runyan will probably be here all of July, I feared I would only get a short visit with you. I shall be rejoiced to take it in Aug instead if you are at home by that time. I wish you could have made me a visit of a few days while Miss R. was here.¹ I had planned that,...

      • 11 July 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 182-183)
        Jane Addams

        My dear friend

        You were present in my thoughts all day on Sunday the tenth of June. I climbed the pine hill towards evening and sat in the same place as nearly as I could remember, I recalled a great deal of what we said and thought there and although much of it must have been superficial to have been discussed so freely, I was thankful that I had received so much of you and wished that a few rare moments might come to us again. I wish that I could express to you the sort of blessing and happiness...

      • 18 July 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 183-187)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I have been trying to find a quiet time for writing for over two weeks, and your long kindly letter coming this evening made me feel ashamed of my unsatisfactory letters.¹ We left Cedarville Saturday morning,² George and Ma took the train en route for Annisquam, and I went to Mt Caroll to make a final appeal to Sarah to join the European party.³ She had written that it was impossible but before we went to bed had determined to go. She will be a wonderful acquisition to the party in every way, and is so enthusiastic...

      • 24 July 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 187-188)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your kind letters came to hand on Saturday.¹ I have not written nearly as often as I had wished and planned, but it has been one continuous effort to place ourselves thus far on our journey. We have really had no plans except the general ones I have written you.

        I will be here until the eighth or tenth of August and then will go on to Phila. I should like to go either by way of Washington or go directly through to Troy and sail down the Hudson, but that will be discussed later.

        And now,...

      • 8 Aug. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 188-189)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We are here for the night and take a boat at half past eight in the morning, giving us time to see the capital and some thing of the city before we start.¹ We came in more than four hours behind time this evening reaching here at nine instead of half past four. We were delayed last night for over five hours by a wrecked engine which was on the track and they were obliged to build a rail road track around it. We enjoyed the ride, although Agnes² looks very tired and we were both glad...

      • 12 Aug. 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 189-190)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Girl—

        I have but a few minutes to write for I am in the midst of a goodly number of aunts and innumerable cousins who claim every minute.

        You have been in my thoughts a great deal this summer, & I want you to know my friend that my view of things is always a little higher and more vigorous when I take a stand point besides you. We had a beautiful ride down the Hudson a few days ago, and I quite enjoy a few days sojourn in this kindly city before the final ending in noisy N.Y.¹...

      • 18 Aug. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 190-194)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your kind letters from time to time have cheered us all with their breezy news. I have been in the midst of chagrin & trouble. Last Monday afternoon¹ Agnes[,] Aunt Lydia & I planned to go to Reading, Uncle² went with us to the depot, and in a crowded St car on Callowhill my pocket book was taken containing my letter of credit. Since then the main occupation of life has been to telegraph and correspond with banks. The letter was undoubtedly picked so of course there has been no finding it, but it has all been finally arranged...

  9. PART 2 A Feverish Search after Culture, 1883–85

    • Introduction
      (pp. 197-228)

      When Jane Addams and her entourage embarked for Europe from the bustling port of New York in late August 1883, they were tracing the footsteps of thousands of privileged American women whose white upper middle-class families deemed the Grand Tour of Europe¹ to be a valuable and even necessary extension of a young woman’s education during the last decades of the nineteenth century. While it seemed to Jane a firm tradition,² a popular rite of passage, even a shared female ritual, the Grand Tour was not yet a generation old, a by-product of the vast sea of social change wrought...


      • [22 Aug. 1883], to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 229-231)
        Jane Addams

        My dearest Alice

        We are off and moving away from N.Y. harbor. My last impression of America was the big, beautiful majestic Brooklyn Bridge.² I was choked up of course & wept the regulation weep at the last minute, but I am all right now. George and Uncle Harry waved us off the girls were all four of them up from Phila. yesterday so we have not had the least chance to feel forlorn.³ I hope you are feeling as cheerful as we do. The salt breeze acts on me like magic, and the party are jolly and good natured.⁴ Write...

      • 27 Aug. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 231-235)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your last kind letter in New York has been a cheering thought and send off ever since.¹ It was lovely in you to write so that it would come just when it did at the very last minute. I asked Uncle Harry to write you that I could n’t send word off Sandy Hook² for in the rush I had provided myself with neither stamps, paper or postals, but we found Mrs Penfield well provided and withal very generous, so we did send off our last impressions after all.³

        The first day we were all sea sick,...

      • 31 Aug. [and 1 Sept.] 1884[1883], to Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 235-243)
        Jane Addams

        My dearest Mary.

        We have passed three days on land and if the next year prove as delightful as these three specimen days¹ we have a stretch of uninterrupted delight before us. To begin at the very beginning and make the thing methodical, I think I wrote you from the steamer that we had decided to land at Queenstown,² take a hasty tour through Ireland and come down from Edinburgh to London.³

        Wednesday just about noon there was a cry on the steamer of land! and there it was the beautiful Irish Coast, with the lovely rolling hills, gray and...

      • 10 Sept. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 243-246)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I wrote to Harry the other day about Ma, and hope I did n’t so write as to make him too uneasy for she has been getting better very fast. We have pinned all our hopes on Dr McVeagh, who is a very skillful physician. He asked for Harry’s address this morning and is going to write him his diagnosis⁵ and opinion of the case. I suppose he will get the letter a few days after this one. Ma is very much better this morning, and we are all very light hearted and happy. We are going...

      • 16 Sept. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 246-249)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your long kindly letters have made two days quite eventful in our rather quiet Dublin life.¹ I am very much obliged for the birthday remembrance. Ma had given me a very handsome Brussels lace scraf, so that with that and the grave face of Dante, I shall have quite enough to mark the twenty third milestone[.]² We had a ride to-day through the crowded city, and although the day was fine and sunny and some of the streets gay and animated, one felt everywhere almost as a palpable presence—the wretchedness and misrule and that it is...

      • 30 Sept. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 249-259)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        It has been so long since I have written you and every day has been so full that some way I don’t know where to begin. We left Edinburgh just a week ago to-morrow morning. It seemed to us from the very first minute like an enchanted city, I don’t ever expect to feel the same towards any other city unless it be Athens itself, and even that can’t be much more filled with heroic associations and beautiful architecture to commemorate them.³ We are going back there tomorrow for a few days and I sort of look...

      • 3[, 6, and 7] Oct. 1883, to Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 259-264)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Mary—

        Your kind letters have been read and appreciated as never before and the last one that said Stanly was quite well seemed to roll away a small mountain from before us—I hope & pray that nothing serious will again overtake the little fellow.¹ I am afraid by this time you are all worn out. I do wish you would keep the woman you spoke of having, all winter long to help you take care of the baby.

        We are here tonight in a beautiful hotel on the edge of Grasmere² within a stones throw of Wordsworth’s cottage...

      • 8 Oct. 1883, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 264-266)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your letter written after the receipt of Dr McVeagh’s came to day. I am sorry that I have n’t kept you posted more continuously for of course you were both dreadfully worried. Dr McVeagh said all to us I think that he wrote to Harry and we considered the matter very seriously.¹ We thought of going direct to the continent from Dublin, but Ma insisted on our keeping to the Scottish plan until at least she tried her strength. She has took the journey splendidly and the last week of it was very hard travelling.²

        The Scottish...

      • 17 [and 18?] Oct. 1883, to George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 266-270)
        Jane Addams

        My dear George.

        We have been looking for a letter from Baltimore, and have been disappointed, for some days. We speak of you very often and speculate what you are doing and seeing and upon the new surroundings.² Baltimore must have every-thing which is conducive to study and uplift. It seems to me that is the main impression I have gained from the travel we have had — the power and force of circumstances or rather surroundings to produce powerful effects upon the mind, independent almost of your own control.

        Ma was not quite so well for a few...

      • 29 Oct. 1883, to John Weber Addams
        (pp. 270-275)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Web—

        We have been devoting our energies so thoroughly to London for the last two weeks—that journalistic letter writing has rather dropped into the back ground. We leave the big town with the comfort of saying—that we will certainly come back on our way home, for it seems otherwise impossible to go away.⁴ We bought our tickets this morning for Dresden. We will go by the way of Rotterdam & take about a week of sight seeing in Holland.⁵ We had quite an adventure last Saturday evening, Miss Warner the lady of the house took nine of...

      • 3 Nov. 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 276-280)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Friend

        I have thought of you many times during the past months and each time with a fervent wish that you were here. “To have the world before you when to choose” contains more privileges and possibilities than I had imagined. It enlarges one’s vision but there is little chance for solid work.

        To begin at the beginning—we landed in Ireland or rather were put off into a little boat apparently in mid ocean, and as the big Servia sailed away, we experianced the first sensation of “utter solitude with sea and sky” that we had had....

      • 2 Dec. 1883, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 280-283)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Girl

        There are some people here at the pension with us who know and two girls whom I verily believe remember you in their prayers every night after they have been to the gallery. The people I mean are Mrs Kirkland and her two daughters. It is a satisfaction to hear of the reward of one’s labor, especially when it is such help as the kind you give—an awakening and a sense of the value of higher things. They think I simply know you casually as a school girl knew another, that is all I have...

      • 6 Dec. 1883, to Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 283-286)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Mary—

        I have been trying ever since Thanksgiving to write you of our famous dinner and day — but a german lesson every afternoon, an opera two or three evenings a week and the morning leav[e]s very little more time than if we were traveling. The house contains twenty five Americans ladies all told with but one gentleman aged fifteen, who is very gay and quite equal to the occassion. Herr Rocher and his frau, are two old people, as kindly, & happy & interested in their guests as can be imagined.¹ On Thanksgiving Day the table was set in...

      • 4 Jan. 1883[1884], to George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 287-290)
        Jane Addams

        Dear George

        Ma is using the family bottle of ink and if you will excuse a pencil I will proceed to pick up our rather dilatory correspondence.¹ You say truly that letters are few, but as I read your letters to Ma with the same interest as I do the ones addressed to myself, I take it for granted that you so regard her letters as containing our joint doings & seeings. I was very much pleased with the Christmas card, please accept my best thanks for the delicate sentiment and poetry of the designs[.]² Ma has given you the account...

      • 13 Jan. 1884, to Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 291-293)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Mary …¹

        I shall always think of Weimer² in connection with the swift clear River Ilm with its fine bridge & the large handsome park. The people associate the park almost entirely with Göethe³ and it is said when they take their walks, they trace out the different scenes of his life laid there and talk of him as they go along. His garten-haus is on the bank of the River, it is a little bit of a house with only one story, longer than wide, with but four windows on each side. Here he lived for seven years...

      • 17 Jan. 1883[1884], to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 293-296)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your Christmas letter came a few minutes ago. You don’t know how glad I was to hear definitely about Mary even when the news was so discouraging. Some days I am so uneasy that it seems to me I must take the first ship and go to her. She has spent all her life doing for other people and now when she needs help the most there is no one to go her. She has every claim on me and has a right to demand every thing. If I were more sure of my own strength, I...

      • 27 Jan. 1884, to John Weber Addams
        (pp. 296-300)
        Jane Addams

        My Dear Web—

        Having had the Christmas accounts and festivities from all the rest, I have been waiting almost impatiently for yours. I have no doubt that you had a merry old-fashioned time, that the turkey fell a sacrifice and Santa Claus did his duty as usual—but I have been waiting and delayed writing so long I hardly know where to begin now. We have quite fallen in love with Munich.¹ It is handsome & clean almost like Berlin in the fine public buildings and with more public statues and monuments than any city we have seen. This is owing...

      • 10 Feb. 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 301-303)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice…¹

        We still continued be infatuated with Vienna. The day before we left, Ma[,] Mrs Young and myself went to the hospital.² We got a pass from the director so that we were privileged characters and saw all we liked.

        The first and last impression is its size—it is simply enormous, it is built on the four sides of a large garden and looks like one immense building attached to another ad infinitum. They have 4000. patients just now. Each Prof seems to reign supreme in his own department, his own ward, kitchen, clinic hall &c....

      • 8 Mar. 1884, to George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 303-306)
        Jane Addams

        My dear George.

        I fear a discord in the family and hasten to explain my rash remarks on the German letter. I suppose any annoyance I felt, came from a secret conciousness of guilt, that I did not know as much German as I should, in short a recognition once again of the old disappointment that I am not yet strong enough to study as I used to and enjoy it. You were very kind to write the letter and certainly I was very glad to receive as I always am for your letters in whatever form they come. The...

      • 9 Mar. 1884, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 306-310)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Friend

        I heartily approved of your resolution to write oftener and at once determined on the same course myself—that it was much easier and better.¹ But constant travel since we have left Dresden and the necessity for much “reading up” has left little time for any thing else. I do not approve of doing any one thing to such an extent that no time or spirit remains for the gentler offices of life, and hence conclude that we have been travelling too fast, although most of our days have been very satisfactory and pleasant.

        Your letter came...

      • 26 Apr. 1884, to Sarah F. Blaisdell
        (pp. 310-321)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Miss Blaisdell

        I have been so ashamed of the hurried letter I sent you from Florence that I have hoped you never received it.¹⁷ Compromises of that kind between desire and inability are never a success, and I ought to have waited until we were quietly settled at Rome before writing you.

        We have been planning all winter for a visit to Athens, but had quite given it up until last week when our enthusiasm suddenly overcame all difficulties and we found ourselves safely in port at Piraeus at five o’clock this morning.¹⁸ It is mortifying to confess...

      • 7 May 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 321-326)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We landed safely at Naples last evening about nine.¹ It seemed for a few hours as if the sail into the bay repaid the trip, it is surely “a bit of heaven to earth vouchsafed.” The moon was young and very bright, the sea a perfect purple and Vesuvius flashing and smoking as if it could not contain itself, the smoke leaves the crater in one grand curve and sweep. The only thing comparable to it is the tail of the comet we saw when I was in Mitchellville,² it is the same huge swing regardless of...

      • 8 June 1884, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 326-330)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Friend …⁸

        I think it is Guido Reni’s Crucifixion in San Lorenzo in Lucina⁹ that I have heard you speak of as very much admiring. I do not by any means agree with enthusiasts who declare it the greatest picture in Rome. The expression of the face does not bear out, does not equal the lonliness expressed by the sky and bleak position of the cross. In short is seems as if the artist shirked the reponsibility of painting the face, by expressing the angony in things which were easier to paint.

        Guido’s Crucificion at Bologna¹⁰ in...

      • 22 June 1884, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 330-334)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen

        I received your letter yesterday written June 8” the same day that I last wrote you.¹ The coincidence has happened often in our correspondence but I don’t believe our words were ever more divergent than they were the last time.

        You have found the Peace which passeth understanding my friend,² and showed it in every line you wrote, but I am afraid that I was almost as unsettled and perplexed that Sunday as in the days when we were “estimable young ladies.” I had been to a poor little American Chapel in the morning which had appealed...

      • 20 July 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 335-341)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice.

        We have just returned from the Rhone Glacier⁶ and one of the most exciting adventures we have had since we left home. “This is the kind of things you read about” was the unanimous decision.

        To begin at the beginning Ma was so much better⁷ last Monday that we left Visp in gay spirits and by train and carriage reached Leukerbad in the afternoon.⁸ There is nothing very remarkable about the lime baths there except that people sit in the great troughs for about six hours at a time—about a dozen in the trough we saw....

      • 17 Aug. 1884, to John Weber Addams
        (pp. 341-348)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Weber,

        Our party has been reduced once more, and we said farewell to Sarah in the Chester³ station, on Friday. She went on to Liverpool where she met the rest of the party and they all sailed Saturday in the Alaska of the Guion Line.⁴ As she left Liverpool the same day as her great rival the “Oregon” there is no danger but what they will have a quick passage.⁵ We are here on the great Ormes Head as near to America as we can be on this side unless we were in Ireland. It is a very...

      • 17 Sept. 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 348-352)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your letter last evening⁹ announcing the move produced a decided sensation. Never complain again of your letters being dull. I dislike to Harry’s giving up his professional work, but as you say there are more ways than one of doing good, and I am glad that you are getting away from Mitchellville. Of course every body will miss you dreadfully, but in a short time you will have as many friends in Girard. We are anxious to have our first letter and descriptions of the place.¹⁰

        George takes the box with him to morrow.¹¹ The things have...

      • 10 Oct. 1884, to Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 353-357)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Mary

        Mr Linn’s kind letter and your note came yesterday very welcome indeed for there has been rather a dearth of home news lately.¹ I am sorry the health report was not as good as usual, and very much hope the condition is due to fall weather alone.² We have received the Chicago Weekly Tribune with a regularity which implies that somebody has subscribed for it for us. We are very much obliged and I wish you knew how much we enjoy it and lend it.³ We have been for a week in our new quarters and begin...

      • 30 Nov. 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 358-360)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Our second Thanksgiving day¹ passed very pleasantly although we are glad to believe it the last one on this side of the Atlantic. In the morning Mrs Whitely² and I went to the American Chapel where we listened to a very patriotic sermon and a very enthusiastic rendering of “America.” Our dinner table talk was largely an effort to explain the nature of the day, to the Russian lady the French teacher, the Germans and the English and of them all the English were decidedly the most mixed on the subject. At six o’clock we went to...

      • 7 Dec. 1884, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 361-365)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen—

        Having come home late from a concert last evening, where I seriously injured my eyes directing my opera glass at the Crown Prince with an electric light flaring between, I am too demoralized to take the long journey to the American chapel and not bright enough to take in a German sermon near at hand, and am not at church as I should be.² Under these circumstances—blinking eyes, an uneasy conscience and a dull understanding, I dare to undertake a letter to you, my critical and literary friend, please accept the rather obscure compliment and excuse...

      • 20 Dec. 1884, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 366-369)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your two kind letters and the package came the other morning. The package remains unopened, although I have so far made inroads upon one corner as to be aware that the contents are blue. You were very kind my dear, to send the checks, we would have been very happy and contented with only the remembrance in the package.¹ I am quite undecided whether my check shall be invested in an ivory brooch, an bronze statuette of the Pied Piper of Hamblin or a copy of “Walnheit und Dichtung.”² Ma is undecided between an equal...

      • 21 Feb. 1885, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 369-375)
        Jane Addams

        My dear friend—

        The last sentence in your last letter did have a solemn effect. Regret and chagrin that I had allowed any thing to interfere with my correspondence with so good and talented a friend—one whose letters are always an inspiration and of intrinsic value. I do not why it has become so difficult for me to write letters during the past year—but aside from the steady stream I direct towards my family about five a week—I write very few letters.¹³

        We left Berlin the middle of Jan. stopping once at Dusseldorf¹⁴—where I enjoyed...

      • [30(29) Mar. 1885], to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 375-376)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Friend—

        I have just come back from the service in Notre Dame, the fine music, the waving palms undulating in the processions, and above all the building itself, impressed me more devoutly and deeply than the Palm-Sunday services we attended last year in St Peters itself.² The streets were thronged with people as we came home, almost all of them with a little sprig of lilac tree in thier hands, looking so demure and simple that one could scarsely believe that it was a Sunday in Paris.³ I believe more and more in keeping the events, the facts...

      • 19 Apr. 1885, to John Weber Addams
        (pp. 376-380)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Weber

        We have had such a gay busy week that I think I will make this a circular letter. Cousin Mary & Mr Worrall came last Sunday evening, and I think I was never more glad to see any body in my life.¹ It is a foretaste of the overjoy it will be to get home once more. We have had quite a time in the social line. Mr & Mrs Sanford² are in the next Street, the entire Emerson family³ from Rockford are within calling distance and as we see them frequently we are in a constant American atmosphere....

      • 28 Apr. 1885, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 380-381)
        E. G S

        My dear Jane:

        Your dear little letter and card refreshed me very much. You have a happy faculty of getting a great deal into two pages. Thank for pensce on Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday, and on all others Sundays, and week days when they occur.¹

        I have been a little “under the weather” for two days, and have been occupying myself with rummaging among the relics of our teens. I found your paper on Macbeth,² and the first half of it still seems to me as fine as any thing I have ever read on the subject,...

      • 10 May 1885, to John Weber Addams
        (pp. 382-384)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Weber

        We have engaged our passage on the Servia sailing the 30th of May.¹ She is the same good ship which brought us safely over, we were at first inclined to a German vessel, but they are very much crowded just now and as the prospect of war is subsiding we concluded to trust ourselves under an English flag after all.²

        We leave here the 20th giving ourselves just time enough to get our various London trunks in order.³ Mr & Mrs Sanford have a stateroom next to us, we meet them in Liverpool the day before we sail....

  10. PART 3 Social Lessons, 1885–86

    • Introduction
      (pp. 387-404)

      Jane and Anna Addams left Europe on 30 May 1885 aboard the Cunard liner Servia. After reaching the United States early in June, they stopped briefly to see relatives in Philadelphia and hurried on to Cedarville to open and reclaim their home. Soon, Jane picked up the threads of her pre-European life—and yet there was a difference.

      Jane Addams had matured. She had become healthier, more sophisticated and socially adept, more independent, and more sure of herself. She had acquired a taste for an energetic, intellectually challenging life. She had become accustomed to a world of travel and urban...


      • 26 July 1885, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 405-406)
        Helen Harrington

        Dear Jane,

        Your letter of the 18th was most gladly received.³ I feared the one I wrote you last did not reach you before you sailed for home and wondered when some word would come from you to me again.⁴ I am very impatient to see you, while I hardly hoped that you could come here this summer I look forward with certainty to seeing you at the Sem’y.

        I am glad that you are glad that I am going. You can imagine with what pleasure I shall renew the old associations, how enthusiastically I shall begin my work and...

      • 7 Sept. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 406-408)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice—

        Ma and Sarah³ have just driven over to call on Uncle George and his wife.⁴ It has been a series of calls and teas ever since we have been here, and instead of a quiet time we have really had a very gay time. Mrs Barton⁵ came over with us on Monday⁶ and stayed until Wednesday. She enjoyed her visit exceedingly. I spent the last part of the week with Sue, she has one of the sweetest babies I ever saw, so bright and energetic.⁷ Yesterday Sarah and I gave a table d’Hote to the family, we...

      • 23 Oct. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 408-411)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I send by this mail a “wedding present” for the tenth anniversary. It is not of tin nor in any other respect especially appropriate—unless it be the affection and good wishes which accompany it. May you both live happily to see the golden epoch forty years hence. I think I have not written you since I have been in Harvard. We packed the effects at Cedarville more leisurely and better than ever before, and left on Thursday morning. I went with Ma as far as Chicago, saw her on the train for Terre Haute, and then...

      • 12 Nov. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 411-412)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your silence has been long & anxious but now it has become absolutely mysterious. I received a pair of your drawers without a word of explaination. I know not if they are to be exchanged, new one bought, or to be thrown at some one’s head (metaphorically speaking). Do write and explain.

        Laura and I went to Chicago Monday, and I have my winter outfit quite complete, a mantle with feather trimming being the main purchase. Laura confined herself to a few house hold articles and we had time for the “Battle of Shiloh.”¹ Yesterday we went to...

      • 20 Nov. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 412-414)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I am rocking Mary Addams, so please excuse the trifling “exterior of my thought,” since the recontinuance of your letters I feel like writing to you every day. I think your topics on art are splendidly arranged, but your text books are not complete without Furgesson on Architecture.¹ I quite appreciate your enthusiasm over Byzantine History, my idea of a trip to Europe, was to go from Germany or Gothic Europe to Constantinople, & from there enter southern Europe by way of Greece & Venice & so to Rome, but our first plan of going from Vienna down the Danube...

      • [29 and 30 Nov. 1885], from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 414-415)
        Ellen of the “Ile.”

        Dear Jeannie,

        I feel positively forlorn without the “disconcerted person” tonight. We put so much into the few days, that I feel as if we had been together for weeks, and it was quite the natural thing that we should be together; and the unusual thing that we should not. I suppose, on the whole, it is better that I can’t see you very often. You are the one person that has meant just as much to me in Europe as in America,—that I have seemed to possess, absent as present. I should get to depending on you, bodily,...

      • 3 Dec. 1885, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 416-419)

        Dearest Jeannie;

        I have been wretched in body for two days with a severe cold and other ills of the flesh in addition and being confined to the house have been reading over letters among other things. I feel it necessary, you see, to apologise for rereading yours; I am in such deadly fear of being thought over-sentimental, or something of that nature.

        Some of the earliest ones, of 1878, I have reluctantly decided to burn.¹ I hate to do it. I haven’t anything left of myself younger than those old letters of yours. I had almost forgotten us. In...

      • 4 Dec. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 419-421)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I have been trying to write to you ever since Thanksgiving, and after all my waiting am doing it with a pencil. Our first guests came Wednesday. Ellen Starr, and Laura who had been to Elgin to see Weber, took us by surprise. Ellen and I had a lovely visit together, we enjoy them each time more I think. She is deep in Browning just now, had copious notes of Farrar’s lecture, and read and reread her favorites poems to me until I felt quite initiated.¹ We went to a party the first night she was here,...

      • 6 Dec. 1885, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 421-422)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen

        It is impossible to rock Mary Addams Linn and manage pen & ink, but I cannot allow the day to close without sending you some thing more tangible than the thoughts I sent flying towards you all day. Your letter¹ came yesterday morning and made me feel that friendship is a very precious thing in this world. I know my dear, that I have often misunderstood you; it is the most discouraging we can take of ourselves—our limitations in comprehension. I am always blundering, when I deal with religious nominclature or sensations simply because my religious...

      • 9 Dec. 1885, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 422-423)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen

        Your kindly memorabilia¹ of our visit came yesterday, and will do more than any thing else could to perpetuate it. I shall need the visible sign very often as the impossibility of seeing you increases. Mere thanks are rather weak after intercourse of the higher kind, but you know my dear I am thankful for the book itself—the [outward?] book to which you have already introduced me. I think the first poem shall be the one I shall read oftenest as it was the one I read first—My Star “Mine has opened it’s soul...

      • 26 Dec. 1885, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 424-424)

        My dear Alice

        The cards and the greetings came to-day and we enjoyed them very much.¹ But, my dear Sister, why have you ceased writing. On all sides are the most bitter complaints of your silence. I hope you received the little Greuze,² it was poorly framed, but I always liked her very much as she hung in the Louvre.

        I left Harvard Tuesday at eleven, had three hours in Chicago which I spent with Ellen Starr³ and took the “limited” over the Baltimore and Ohio road. I had an upper berth over a grave old gentleman, made three or...

      • 3 Jan. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 425-426)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        The books came yesterday morning, and we are all very much obliged. You did not keep to your promise, though, my dear, to give no presents this year. I shall enjoy the Thackery¹ at odd times, for our book case contains very few novels, and I confess to a weakness for them occasionally. I am glad you like your art study so much, I hardly know what I will get into here. Next week I mean to hunt up a French teacher, so that I don’t lose all that I gained in Paris. There is an immense...

      • Jan. 1885[1886], Essay in the Rockford Seminary Magazine
        (pp. 426-433)

        The good ship Egadi had left Piraens, the port of Athens, in the morning, and had sailed all day within sight of the hills of Angolis and Laconia. At sunset I sit on her deck in that conscious analytical mood, which every modern tourist experiences.⁵ This mood has been known to steal over the unwary man under the dome of St. Peters itself,⁶ inciting him to compare, to speculate and watch the effect upon himself so closely, that he goes away forgetting how the dome looked. It is self-consciousness incarnate. I thought I had choked the fiend in Rome, but...

      • 7 Feb. 1886, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 433-436)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen

        I have been reading “Modern Painters” most of the afternoon, & have remembered your injunction you see “Read it, and don’t let the grass grow under your feet.” One is always impressed by Ruskin,¹ in addition to the fine things he says, the air of authority with which he asserts them would make his readers believe any-thing—much less fine, the assumption of superiority is always impressive, much more so when the superiority is real.

        Your letter, my dear, did me much good. I was not waiting to be put in the position of a debtor but the...

      • 10 Feb. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 436-439)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        I can write so much faster with pencil that I will beg your indulgence. We were very much surprised at the contemplated move. Although exactly why we should expect you to remain settled while we reserve the right to roam, is hard to say. I had formed quite a picture of Girard and grown attatched to the people. I hope you won’t get too far north; there is some thing dreadful in those severe winters, I dread to think of Mary’s going into them.¹

        Mrs McDowell² is the married daughter of Mrs Myers³—the lady with whom...

      • 17 Feb. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 439-441)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        The Art topics came yesterday morning, I was perfectly amazed to find them a book, I had supposed they were written or at most a printed list, why did n’t you send me the title of the book and I could have gotten it here.¹ I feel quite ashamed of the way I insisted upon your sending it. We have had four days of delightful weather, but it is growing colder again. On Saturday morning George and I went through the Johns Hopkins Hospital buildings, they are like a little city.² We followed the connecting rail road...

      • 28 Feb. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 441-444)

        My dear Alice

        It seems to me that I write a great many letters and am still always remiss to my correspondents. I remembered your enthusiasm over Washington and thought of you often last Saturday. I spent the day there, went down with Miss Dorr and Mr Dorr. Ma and I mean to go for a week later,¹ but I thought it well to make a beginning. The round trip tickets are only two dollars and the trains are so convenient, that I have wondered why we do not go often. We went to the capital buildings first.² They are...

      • 7 Mar. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 444-446)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice—

        Your letter came yesterday and you may rest assured that I will look on all sides for an appropriate dress.¹ There is not a great deal of dress in the street here, or rather everyone is still wearing her winter suit. The napkins I will get any time you want them, linen is very cheap here and the selection large.

        We are going to Philadelphia next week or the week after, from there to Reading and Ambler, being away ten days probably. I can consult with the good cousins a little in regard to something new for...

      • [10 and 13 Mar.] 1886, from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 447-451)
        Ellen G. Starr

        Dear Jeannie:

        I have just come in and found your letter.¹ It is very unsuitable that I should receive a letter from you today. It partakes quite too much of the nature of a luxury. (Stop and reflect that it is quite possible to Ellen Starr to become a Roman Catholic!)

        Miss K——.² has just made a very fitting disclosure, in perfect keeping with the traditions of the day and I have retired to my chamber and wept for a few brief moments, so perhaps the enjoyment of hearing from you may be forgiven me. She tells me that...

      • 11 Apr. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 451-456)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We have had such a delightful visit with the girls, that I want to write you about it while it is still fresh in all its details. George went to Beaufort on Wednesday so that it was fortunate for us that they were here just now to “bridge over” as Ma calls it. They came on Tuesday, in the afternoon George took them all through the University buildings and we took a run through the Peabody on our way to lunch. The evening was spent strictly “en famille” looking at the pictures &c at the multitude of...

      • 17 July 1886, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 456-459)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen

        I have had various impulses to write to you, some of them imperative, only the heat and consequent lassitude has prevented my obedience. In the first place I have been thinking much of you. Sister Alice was much taken with your idea of the three Michael Angelo’s and with her usual felicity in framing has made a success of the idea beyond my wildest expectations. I tried some thing else which did not succeed nearly so well, the Sibyl I did not care much for and substituted the “Melancholia,” you remember what Ruskins says of Dürer’s connection...

      • 25 July 1886, from Helen Harrington
        (pp. 459-461)
        Jane Addams

        Dear Jane,

        I was so sorry that you could not be at the Seminary for Commencement,¹ all the pleasantness of the time was incomplete without you. Never before, since we graduated have I felt myself under influences that made life seem so full of wonderful possibilities. The class day exercises made all the old tender associations very real and present, and were they not finely expressed in the poem?² They as well as we felt the potent charm of the place. All the addresses were very much better than ours—they seemed to hold the message that we waited for...

      • 6 Aug. 1886, from George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 461-463)

        My Dear Jane:

        My memories of the alps were revived by the glowing accounts of letter received last Tuesday; coming to a place like this where the sand doon is the highest point on the horizon you can imagine that the comparison was in favor of Colorado. I hope for a fuller account of some of your excursions which were no doubt not lacking in curious incidents.³ What glorious air, and what expansive views you must have from Pikes Peaks!⁴ The lack of snow and glaciers is a drawback not easily counterbalanced by increased height. The Mer-de-Glace, and the...

      • 19 Aug. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 463-466)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        The package came safely to hand, am much obliged, but how did the night gown come from Leadville to Girard?¹ Why don’t you send me the magazine, I am very impatient to see the toasts &c all the girls are writing to me about them.² Ma and I had a pleasant visit in Freeport, we stayed all night with Mrs Guiteau who is all alone while Flora is visiting Luther in Iowa.³ We took dinner Saturday with the Barton’s, and Mr Barton brought his books up to the house, so that we looked over the business more...

      • 23 Sept. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 466-467)

        My dear Alice

        Your letter¹ has just come and I hasten to reply so that we can take it to Freeport with us.

        I will certainly sign the note and as I do not leave here until Tuesday if you send it at once I can sign it with Mr Barton as attorney, it would save time to send it direct to him and he can notify me. I think you do Ma an injustice rather, although I do not understand, as when she left she seemed so glad to have the opportunity of helping Harry.²

        Laura³ and I go...

      • 6 Oct. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 467-468)

        My dear Alice

        We arrived here on Monday afternoon and came directly to the house at which we took our meals last year.¹ We have engaged our rooms for a week at the end of that time we hope to be located and are going through the weariness, the excitements and stray pleasures of house hunting. We are strongly inclined to a “flat” opposite, were it not for its height and the purchase of some necessary furniture which it lacks. Miss McConkey² our former land lady has all her rooms rented. It seemed quite homelike to get back again into...

      • 18 Oct. 1886, to Laura Shoemaker Addams
        (pp. 468-472)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Laura—

        Your kind letter came Saturday² and greatly relieved my mind. I had rashly concluded that the curtains either had not arrived or did not please you. I am glad that you liked the desk my dear, I tried to find the one, or one like it, that you so much admired last fall, but although I went to Toby’s³ it was not there. I have been fussing with curtains and accessories for the past week, but we are at last settled very comfortably and easily, and have received so many compliments on our quarters that we are...

      • 4 Nov. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 472-475)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice—

        Will you excuse pencil so I can write while the girl is sweeping our sitting room? I came back from Penn. on Monday and found Ma and George both dreadfully depressed, but we are all in good spirits and happy again. George’s condition arises solely from his solitude this summer I am sure, and he seems to be throwing it off each day, as he grows more assustomed again to meeting people & naturally less suspicious and sensitive of them.¹ Yesterday afternoon Ma & I drove five miles into the country to pay our party call on the Clark...

      • 28 Dec. 1886, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 475-476)

        My dearest Alice

        413 North Chas St Baltimore, [Md.] Dec 28" 1886

        The box with its dainty contents was greatly enjoyed and appreciated. It came Thursday evening, I had been out helping Mrs Brooks with her Christmas tree and was full of the Christmas spirit when we opened it. You were very kind, my dear, to give us what you made yourself. Mrs Brooks had invited us there for Christmas eve, but the weather was atrocious and as Mr Dorr & Mr Lemen⁴ came to spend the evening, we got up as much Christmas eve as we could with nuts & candy...

  11. PART 4 Discovering a Useful Way, 1887–88

    • Introduction
      (pp. 479-518)

      For Jane Addams, 1887 and 1888 were pivotal years, a transition between her life as a diligent daughter and maiden aunt in the Addams, Haldeman, and Linn families and the life she would begin to create for herself as a dedicated social reformer and champion for democracy. Although she was called to family duty in 1887 by the pregnancies of her sisters Mary Linn and Alice Haldeman, Jane remained steadfast in her continuing commitment to Rockford Female Seminary and strengthened her friendships with women outside her family. She separated herself from Anna Addams and George Haldeman and their plans and...


      • 9 Feb. 1887, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 519-521)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Your two letters have reached me here. The last filled me with conflicting emotions naturally, but one thing was always clear viz. that I would come to you for the months of June and July if the hopes are realized[.] I have not of course breathed a word or insinuation to a soul, but I do not see why you should feel chagrined even if you had told me and it does not come to pass. I fail some-way to believe it,³ but I hope with all my heart that it will prove true and a happy...

      • 3 Mar. 1887, to Laura Shoemaker Addams
        (pp. 521-523)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Laura

        It was quite a treat to receive a letter¹ from you after so long a silence. The new baby here grows and flourishes each day,² Mary is looking so bright and well that we are all proud of her. Yesterday she sat up almost all day. The baby was but eight months old but the doctor insists it was a very good thing for his mother. It fairly makes me shiver to think of her taking it through all alone without either Mr Linn or a nurse, and am of course sorry that I did not get...

      • 3 Apr. 1887, to Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 523-525)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Ellen.—

        The sanction of success is such a powerful thing that without it a very noble action appears trivial, and a trivial affair is simply no where. If I had succeeded in securing the services of Miss Phelps I should have felt, (not repaid for losing the lecture by any means) but at least the narrow satisfaction of the ostentatiously virtuous man.² But I was denied even that, and reached the north-western Station at quarter to five in at³ state of mind not quite as serene as if I had been contemplating Fra Angelico’s angels. I quite agreed...

      • 5 July 1887, to George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 526-528)
        Jane Addams

        My dear George

        It was very pleasant to receive a letter⁴ from you once more and especially one so redolent of country experiances. My fancy painted a vivid picture of Fanny and “the calf ” and for the nonce I was in Cedarville.

        We had a pleasant day yesterday and quite believed Alice’s declaration that it was the happiest “fourth” of her life. She took her first ride in the evening and enjoyed it with all her riding loving nature. Harry shot off a goodly number of rockets and wheels in the yard, all in honor of Anna Marcet’s first...

      • 30 Sept. 1887, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 528-531)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We have not heard from you this week and I hope that it does not mean that Marcet is sick. Mary sent her deed for the Iowa land and asks to be enlightened in regards to the law suit, I wrote that you would write her all about it.² I came back from Nora’s wedding Wednesday afternoon,³ Ma came down with the man to meet me. I had a delightful time from the time I left home on Monday.⁴ Miss Blaisdell⁵ and I met in Beloit and went on together to Racine. We took supper there reaching...

      • 8 Oct. 1887, Speech to the Rockford Female Seminary Reunion Association
        (pp. 532-535)

        I once heard a German predict, that the American civilization, the experiment of the 19" cent. Was doomed to failure.

        He had heard that the American women, die Frauen ŭnd die Frauleins,⁴ were gradually assuming the full responsibility of the nation’s progress. That they were in a large majority in the Protestant church, and took full the greater> charge of the philanthropic and social aspects of religious culture. That they played the leading role in society, and actually gave dinners and receptions to which the men were not invited.

        That they gloried in their mental attainments <& perceptions> and openly...

      • 15 Nov. 1887, List of Financial Assets Owned by Jane Addams
        (pp. 536-539)

        In mid-November 1887, Jane Addams engaged Edward P. Barton,¹ a family friend and lawyer who had served as executor of her father’s estate, to hold and monitor her investments while she was in Europe. The securities, notes, mortgages, and crops he listed as a receipt and memorandum provides a record of Jane Addams’s wealth shortly before she launched her social settlement scheme.² The value of her securities and notes in 1887 of nearly $35,000 would be valued at approximately $765,290 in year 2006 dollars.³ In addition to these holdings, Jane also owned real estate⁴ and cash. She had just sold...

      • 17 Nov. 1887, from Maria G. Nutting
        (pp. 539-542)
        Maria G. Nutting

        Dear Janet;—

        I dreamed about you last night; and you were so closely and vitally real to me that a tender remembrance of you has been in my heart all thro’ this busy day.

        It was in some great, beautiful world-palace, the Louvre perhaps, and yet there were vague, sweet certainties of school-life about it. The golden-red of the sunrise as the king of the orient arose above Mt. Ararat,⁴ flooding my room dispelled the lovely dream-life, and the persistent duties of the day left nothing with me excepting a shadowey, indescribably grand and beautiful place with lovely luxurious things...

      • 27 Dec. 1887, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 542-546)

        My dear Alice

        I expect a letter from you in Munich and to make my side of the story clear will go back to Southampton⁴ where I wrote last.⁵ Our boat left Wednesday night at twelve, we sailed as on a mill pond and reached Havre⁶ at nine in the morning. We could not get a train for Paris until after noon, so that it was six o’clock Christmas eve before we reached our rooms in the Hotel de l’Athenée.⁷ The ride through France was rather picturesque if it had been any other time we should have spent a night...

      • 7 Jan. 1888, to Flora Z. Guiteau
        (pp. 546-554)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Flora

        I begun a letter to you at Ulm. I read it over today and concluded not to send it, it is exaggerated but I shouldnt even care for that if I could give you some idea of the Ulm Cathedral.⁵ I stopped on my way from Stuttgart to Munich at Ulm for twenty four hours. I had known in a general sort of a way that it was the largest Cathedral in Germany save Cologne,⁶ that it had for years boasted the largest organ in the world, but I was totally unprepared for the impression it made...

      • 26 Jan. 1888, to Laura A. Malbourne[Malburn]
        (pp. 554-557)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Mrs Malbourne[Malburn]¹

        I begun a letter to you one evening in Ravenna² but found myself too tired to finish it. You were in my mind so often during the time we were there.

        I was totally unprepared for the grace and charm of the early Christian mosaics and symbols.³ I knew in a general way that the early church was simple and joyful, that the tombs expressed a certainty of the resurrection we seem to have lost since &c but had no idea the spirit and reflection of Christ himself could ever be so portrayed in archaic art,...

      • 28 Jan. 1888, to Sarah Weber Addams
        (pp. 557-562)

        My dear Sadie

        I hope some time you will see this beautiful city which many poets have called “the fairest city of all the earth.” It has had a great many remarkable men, they have built magnificent buildings all over the city, painted beautiful pictures and made some of the lovliest men and children in marble that could be dreamed of. But some of the men who did the most good to Florence, and to the world, were the very ones they treated the worst while they were living. Do you know any-thing about Galileo, the man who invented the...

      • 31 Jan. 1888, from John Addams Linn
        (pp. 562-563)
        J A Linn

        Dear Aunt Jennie:

        Little Mary has gone into the better world. She departed last night at five minutes before seven. The funeral will be this evening at half past seven. Papa and I will go to Cedarville with her.⁴ None of the others are able to go.

        On Sunday the 22nd of Jan. Mamma was showing her the pictures in “Stories of the Gospel,” and Mary would say “Me find ‘Deda’”⁵ and she would find him in every picture. And she would say “Me love ‘Deda’”. Now she has really found “Deda.” She could not see all day yesterday. In...

      • 31 Jan. 1888, from John Manning Linn and Mary Catherine Addams Linn
        (pp. 564-566)
        M. C. A. Linn

        Dear Jane,

        I can write you again briefly. I presume my other letter has reached you & prepared you.¹ We had to yeild up our little Mary to the rough hand of the disease. She coughed very hard—terribly hard for three weeks and then her strength failed her and for two days she sank gently but surely under the stuper. Her little mind worked true to the last. She knew her mama as long as she could see. But for the last day she seemed to grope with her hands. Her last really intelligbl words were “Mama carry me” & so...

      • 12 Feb. 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 566-572)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        Sarah and myself have just returned from a “beatification”¹² in the handsome chapel over the vestibule of St Peters, and while my eyes are yet dazzled by the glory, I think I will write it to you.

        In the first place Ellen has at last put in motion some of the ecclesiastical wheels about her by presenting her letters to church dignitaries.¹³ She used her social letters first, and while they resulted in calls and an invitation to dinner they had nothing of the interest excited by the Latin documents. Thursday afternoon arrayed in our best I...

      • 16 Feb. 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 573-574)

        My dear Alice,

        I have just had the letters with the news of little Mary’s death. Mr Linn’s letter that came Monday was grave in its tone,⁴ and one from Mary on Saturday⁵ had filled me with sympathy and apprehension for her, but I was totally unprepared for the letters this afternoon.⁶

        The time I was abroad before I worried so much about frail little Stanley, and of course we always felt insecure about Charles Hodge⁷—but Mary was always so sturdy and strong and happy, that I never dreamed I should not see her again.

        I do so long...

      • 23 Feb. 1888, Ellen Gates Starr to Anna Hostetter Haldeman Addams
        (pp. 575-577)
        Ellen G. Starr

        My dear Mrs. Addams,

        Jeannie is confined to her bed, not with Roman fever, (I give you an opportunity to offer your hymn of thanksgiving here, as I have just told Mrs. Haldeman.) but with sciatica.³

        The weather has been, and is, the worst possible. It rains almost incessantly, and though we have a room which is very sunny when there is sunshine, and have been very cautious, it is almost impossible to keep from taking cold, and Jane has taken a severe one, ending in sciatica. The doctor⁴ doesn’t seem to take a melancholy view of the probable duration...

      • 4 [and 5] Mar. 1888, Ellen Gates Starr to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 577-578)
        Ellen G Starr

        My dear Mrs Haldeman,

        The spirit has been moving me to write to you again for a day or two more particularly to express my feelings to a sympathetic listener than because I had anything to say, as Jane was getting well so fast apparently & had written to you herself. She has been out to drive & I know did not take cold in that way, she was so enormously wrapped & the sun was so bright. I think it was in the change of rooms & change of weather. The wretched fact remains that she did take cold and tonight she has...

      • 11 [and 14] Mar. 1888, to Laura Shoemaker Addams
        (pp. 578-582)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Laura

        Your kind letters are always so welcome that it has struck me, that their unusual occurance may be due to my own lack, and I hasten to keep up my end.⁸

        After much persuasion and reasoning on my part, the girls has finally decided to go to Naples for a week or ten days, and leave to morrow.⁹ I am perfectly comfortable and able to take care of myself, the house is full of pleasant social people and there is no use in the others changing their plans for the sake of my lame leg. I can...

      • 17 [and 19] Mar. [1888], from Ellen Gates Starr
        (pp. 582-585)


        We debated so long about Capri this morning that we lost the morning train here, & couldnt go to C. after all because it was too windy for the grotto, so we came hither at noon & after some more wavering about ascending, spent the P.M. in the ruins, & were both very much “spent.” We concluded it was just as well to have come at noon, as we couldn’t have done that & any thing else the same day. If tomorrow is a good V.¹ day we shall ascend him tomorrow from here; If not we shall probably go to Paestum.²


      • 22 Mar. 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 585-588)

        My dear Alice

        Your long happy letter about Marcet pleased me mightily this morning.¹ I feel as if I had never lost my knowledge and acquaintance with her from the very first. I spent the morning in the Sistine Chapel, and feel stirred and uplifted as only a few things in this world have power to affect me. I spent a great deal of time looking at the “ancestresses”, the expression and contented waiting of one of them I think I shall remember, when I can show you the photograph of her you will feel it too I am sure....

      • 6 Apr. 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 588-594)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice—

        Your dear kind letter came yesterday¹—I am sorry you did not send Miss Starr hers, she admires you very much and would have enjoyed a letter like that above every thing. I miss the girls again but the temporary absences warns me that is a good thing to get used to it a little before we seperate in America.² I hope you will learn Miss Starr and love her some time as much as I do and Miss Anderson does.

        We spent our Easter together at Florence where Miss Harrington arrived Thursday evening.³ We were there...

      • 14 Apr. 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 594-600)
        Jane A[ddams]

        My dear Alice

        We have seen so much [that is] interesting during the past week and hav[e seen] it so fast, that I think I shall have to [make a] circular letter out of it, after the old pla[n. I] think that I shall keep it up, through Sp[ain as] it is simply impossible to write much when [we] are travelling so rapidly. I will ask you to [send] them to Mary and her to send them [to Weber,] if they reach him last Laura may want [to use] parts of them in the Spanish class.

        I think I wrote...

      • 25 [and 28] Apr. 1888, to Laura Shoemaker Addams
        (pp. 600-607)
        Jane Addams

        It is hard to tell just when the very simple plan which afterward developed into the Settlement began to form itself in my mind. It may have been even before I went to Europe for the second time, but I gradually became convinced that it would be a good thing to rent a house in a part of the city where many primitive and actual needs are found, in which young women who had been given over too exclusively to study, might restore a balance of activity along traditional lines and learn of life from life itself; where they might...

      • 12 May 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 608-615)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Alice

        We have been for three days in this earthly Paradise, I think I will write at once before we submit to the fate of the lotus eaters. Imagine beautiful groves of elms with an undertangle of blooming roses and a choir of nightingales above[.] Imagine walking through this self same grove to a fairy palace surrounded by gardens in the full bloom of summer and sitting upon a stone bench to fill your head with the romance and kindly humor of Washington Irving.⁴ We have been in a state of quiet rapture ever since our arrival, as...

      • 21 May 1888, to Sarah Weber Addams
        (pp. 615-617)

        My dear Sadie

        I enjoyed your last letter¹ very much and think that you are a brave conscientious little girl to keep your promise so carefully. You may be sure that I will keep my side. I want to tell you about the little king of Spain,² he is only two years old this month, but has been king ever since he was born. He lives in the palace at Madrid and goes out riding every day. We never happened to see him, but his pictures are in all the shop windows, he is always taken in his mother’s lap,...

      • 9 June 1888, to George Bowman Haldeman
        (pp. 618-620)
        Jane Addams

        My dear George

        May I congratulate you upon your birthday and wish you many happy returns of the happy day. I hope that Cedarville is looking as June-like and happy as Canterbury is this morning. We reached here Wednesday evening crossing via Boulogne and Folkstone¹ upon a calm sea. We were a party of six leaving Paris last Friday.² Miss Starr and the two young ladies Miss Anderson and Miss Harrington. We were at Rouen³ until Saturday evening and became greatly interested in the Normans and early Plantagenets, Richard’s heart has been taken from the Cathedral and ignominiously put into...

      • 14 June 1888, to Sarah Alice Addams Haldeman
        (pp. 620-625)

        My dear Alice

        Your letter¹ was thrice welcome yesterday morning for I have never been so long without a word from you and your last letter had given me a doleful impression of the rheumatism. I am so glad dear, that it is better and do hope it will disappear for good and all. I wrote to Miss Chapin² but have never received a reply, we seem to be singularly unfortunate in regard to our correspondence. We have been in London since Monday.³ I wrote you I think of Amiens, Rouen and Rheims.⁴ We had a pleasant crossing from Boulogne...

      • 4 July 1888, to Laura Shoemaker Addams
        (pp. 625-632)
        Jane Addams

        My dear Laura

        I met Flora Sunday afternoon at Southampton on the deck of the “Fulda.” I was marvellously glad to see her safe and well for I had grown a little nervous about her crossing alone and was afraid that she might be desperately sea sick. While we were coming in on the “tender” before we had touched soil, she gave me your letter⁹ and told me the news of George.¹⁰ His going away is not hard to understand and may in the end be a good thing, but the touch of the melodramatic is wholly unlike him, and...

    (pp. 633-636)
  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 637-688)
  14. Index
    (pp. 689-754)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 755-756)