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Tel Tanninim: Excavations at Krokodeilon Polis, 1996-1999

Tel Tanninim: Excavations at Krokodeilon Polis, 1996-1999

Robert R. Stieglitz
Yaʿel D. Arnon
A. Asa Eger
Diane Everman
Arlene Fradkin
Omri Lernau
John Macsai
Michal Oren-Paskal
Rachel Pollak
Shalom Yankelevitch
Volume: 10
Copyright Date: 2006
Pages: 270
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  • Book Info
    Tel Tanninim: Excavations at Krokodeilon Polis, 1996-1999
    Book Description:

    Following the annexation of Samaria by Sargon II, around 700 BC, a new settlement was established just south of the urban center at Tel Dor. The site, known as Krokodeilon Polis "Crocodile City" to the Greeks (modern Tel Tanninim), was excavated from 1996 to 1999 by the Tanninim Archaeological Project, revealing significant Persian and Hellenistic period remains. Located on the Crocodile River in the Sharon Plain in Israel, this fishing village experienced something of a renaissance in the Late Byzantine period (450-640 AD), boasting several fresh water fishponds supplied by the Caesarea Maritima aqueduct and a large basilica church atop its mound. The site continued to be occupied sporadically through the Ottoman period. This volume is a final report of the excavations at this important site.

    eISBN: 978-0-89757-017-6
    Subjects: Archaeology, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of Figures
    (pp. ix-xiii)
  5. List of Tables
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  6. Abbreviations
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  7. Chapter I The Site and Its Exploration
    (pp. 1-14)
    Robert R. Stieglitz

    The central sector of the Mediterranean coastal plain in Israel has been known as the Sharon since the second millennium b.c.e., as is known from ancient Egyptian texts and the biblical narratives. The Sharon plain is a fertile region, with diverse geographic and hydrographic features, which extends along the sea coast from Mount Carmel in the north to the Yarkon River and the coastal town of Jaffa in the south. Ancient Jaffa is now entirely within the municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa. The eastern border of the plain was defined by the inland hill country, consisting of the Carmel mountain range...

  8. Chapter II Tanninim Archaeological Project Excavations, 1996–1999
    (pp. 15-100)
    Robert R. Stieglitz, A. Asa Eger and Diane Everman

    In 1996, the Tanninim Archaeological Project (hereafter TAP), directed by Prof. R.R. Stieglitz on behalf of Rutgers University (Newark, NJ), initiated systematic excavations on the mound of Tel Tanninim and in its immediate vicinity. The excavations took place over the next four seasons, under IAA license nos. G-26/96, G-32/97, G-51/98, and G-15/99. A professional staff of five members and fifteen to twenty volunteers per year excavated for six weeks per season. The TAP expedition began with a surface survey and the production of a contour map of the archaeological site (IAA Site No. 1391/0). The surface survey located over two...

  9. Chapter III The Pottery
    (pp. 101-154)
    Shalom Yankelevitch, Michal Oren-Paskal and Yaʿel D. Arnon

    Until the TAP excavations, there was a lack of any sign of occupation prior to the Persian period. This was surprising, as one would expect a close link between Tel Tanninim and the adjacent Tel Mevorakh. In a personal communication in 1978, the late Prof. M. Dothan informed me of finding a few Iron Age sherds on Tel Tanninim. Indeed, while analyzing the excavation ceramic finds for publication, several of them could be assigned to the Iron Age IIC.

    Persian and Hellenistic pottery was collected from all the excavation areas, but the strata of these periods were exposed in restricted...

  10. Chapter IV The Small Finds
    (pp. 155-210)
    Rachel Pollak, Yaʿel D. Arnon and Robert R. Stieglitz

    The excavations at Tel Tanninim uncovered hundreds of glass fragments. No intact or complete vessels were found, and the fragments themselves are very small. Thus, although the vessel type can be identified, details of the form are not always known precisely. A total of 784 fragments were counted as indicative parts of identified objects. Hundreds of body fragments were not considered. Of these, 550 fragments are from areas B and B2, the rest are from area A, except for a few from area D. The indicative assemblage fragments contain 372 pieces of windowpanes. The rest consist of table wares that...

  11. Chapter V The Fish Bone Remains
    (pp. 211-222)
    Arlene Fradkin and Omri Lernau

    This chapter examines the fish remains recovered during the 1996 through 1999 field seasons of the Tanninim Archaeological Project (TAP). The archaeological contexts from which the fish remains were recovered are discussed, followed by a description of the kinds of fish identified and estimates of their size. Finally, the fish assemblage at Tel Tanninim is compared to that of nearby Caesarea Maritima. We would like to thank Prof. Robert R. Stieglitz, director of the Tanninim Archaeological Project, for the opportunity to study the fish remains recovered at Tel Tanninim. We especially would like to express our appreciation to A. Asa...

  12. Chapter VI Summary and Conclusions
    (pp. 223-230)
    Robert R. Stieglitz

    The TAP excavations during 1996–1999 unearthed a sequence of settlements at the coastal site of Tel Tanninim, from initial activity during Iron Age IIC (700–586 b.c.e.) to the abandonment of the settlement after ca.1350 c.e., followed by intermittent Ottoman activity until the twentieth century. The lowest stratified level of the settlement was reached in a very limited area, one of only a few square meters (Stratum VIII) directly above the bedrock in Area A. In that location, the pottery and material culture indicated that occupation was not earlier than fifth century b.c.e. Pottery analysis from the entire sequence...

  13. Appendix: Excavated Coins by Area and Date
    (pp. 231-232)
  14. Note on Locus Numbers and Object Categories
    (pp. 233-233)
  15. Volunteers of the Tanninim Archaeological Project 1996–1999
    (pp. 233-234)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 235-252)
  17. Index
    (pp. 253-256)