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Measuring Hard-to-Measure Student Competencies

Measuring Hard-to-Measure Student Competencies: A Research and Development Plan

Brian M. Stecher
Laura S. Hamilton
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 102
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  • Book Info
    Measuring Hard-to-Measure Student Competencies
    Book Description:

    Interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies, such as communication and resilience, are important predictors of success and civic engagement after high school. This report provides guidelines to promote thoughtful development of practical, high-quality measures of interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies that practitioners and policymakers can use to improve valued outcomes for students.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8932-8
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Summary
    (pp. vii-xiv)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  6. Abbreviations
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  7. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    Educators and researchers have identified interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies that are important to college and career readiness but that schools do not typically measure. Drawing on the framework provided in the recent National Research Council (NRC) synthesis of research on transferable knowledge and skills (Pellegrino and Hilton, 2012), we use the terminterpersonalto refer to competencies that are important for constructive interactions and relationships with other people, and we useintrapersonalto refer to attitudes and dispositions that influence how students solve problems and apply themselves in school, work, and other settings (see also Soland, Hamilton, and Stecher, 2013)....

  8. CHAPTER TWO Rationale for Developing New Measures
    (pp. 5-20)

    The call for measures of interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies is motivated by two recent developments. First, states nationwide are currently implementing systemic reform of their academic standards, with the intention of raising the overall economic and civic capacity of the next generation of U.S. students. Second, new research documents the relationships between academic performance, subsequent career success, and civic engagement on the one hand, and interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies on the other.

    Current systemic reforms of the U.S. education system, designed to better prepare students for college, work, and citizenship, include new standards for student knowledge and skills, curricula aligned...

  9. CHAPTER THREE Research and Development Guidelines
    (pp. 21-48)

    Five broad tasks must be accomplished to develop and implement appropriate measures of interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies. If we are to produce high-quality measures that can be used in ways that are beneficial for students, some combination of assessment developers, researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders must complete these tasks and address the issues associated with them. The five tasks aredefining and selecting constructs, identifying intended uses of the measures, developing the measures, evaluating their technical quality, and documenting the consequences of their use. This chapter describes guidelines for research and development in each area. We present the tasks in...

  10. CHAPTER FOUR Promoting High-Quality Measures: Recommendations and Challenges
    (pp. 49-64)

    The meeting participants and interview respondents represented a wide variety of perspectives, and they differed in their specific recommendations for how to foster high-quality research and development of measures of interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies. Yet they largely agreed that the topic warrants a comprehensive, collaborative approach that brings together members of several different stakeholder groups and that considers both short-term and long-term objectives. The material presented in the previous chapters covers a variety of topics, and members of various stakeholder groups (e.g., researchers, practitioners) are likely to find some of the topics more directly relevant to their own work than...

  11. CHAPTER FIVE Conclusion
    (pp. 65-66)

    Researchers are demonstrating the importance of many interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies for success in college and careers. The Hewlett Foundation believes that better measurement of these competencies is necessary for schools to be able to support their development and that such measures can be important levers to improve public education for all students. This report describes a framework for a program of research and development to create and evaluate new measures of interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies, and it suggests one strategy that could be followed to bring resources to bear on the measurement challenge in an efficient manner. Regardless of...

  12. APPENDIX A. Summary of the White House Workshop on Hard-to-Measure 21st-Century Skills
    (pp. 67-74)
  13. APPENDIX B. Experts Who Participated in Meetings and Interviews
    (pp. 75-80)
  14. References
    (pp. 81-84)