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Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military

Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Top-Line Estimates for Active-Duty Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

National Defense Research Institute
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 56
  • Book Info
    Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military
    Book Description:

    In early 2014, the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office asked the RAND Corporation to conduct an independent assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military. This report provides initial top-line estimates from the resulting RAND Military Workplace Study, which invited close to 560,000 service members to participate in a survey fielded in August and September of 2014.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8931-1
    Subjects: Management & Organizational Behavior, Sociology, Law

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. The 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study Team
    (pp. iii-vi)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xii)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    In early 2014, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the RAND National Defense Research Institute to conduct an independent assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military—an assessment last conducted in 2012 by the department itself through the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Personnel (WGRA). The 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study (RMWS) is based on a much larger sample of the military community than previous surveys—men and women, active-duty and reserve component, and including the four DoD military services plus the Coast Guard—and is designed to more precisely estimate the...

  7. A New Approach to Counting Sexual Assault, Sexual Harassment, and Gender Discrimination
    (pp. 3-6)

    DoD has assessed service members’ experiences with sexual assault and harassment since at least 1996, when Public Law 104-201 first required a survey of the “gender relations climate” experienced by active-duty forces. Since 2002, four “Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys,” as they are known in 10 USC §481, have been conducted with active-duty forces (in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2012). The DoD conducted reservecomponent versions of this survey in 2004, 2008, and 2012.

    The results of the 2012 survey suggested that more than 26,000 active-duty service members had experienced “unwanted sexual contact” in the prior year, an estimate that received...

  8. Fielding the RAND Military Workplace Study Survey
    (pp. 7-8)

    DoD, in consultation with the White House National Security Staff, stipulated that the sample size for the RMWS was to include a census of all active-duty women and 25 percent of active-duty men in the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps. In addition, we were asked to include a smaller sample of National Guard and reserve members sufficient to support comparisons of sexual assault and harassment between the active-duty and reserve forces. Subsequently, the U.S. Coast Guard also asked that RAND include a sample of their active-duty and reserve members.² In total, therefore, RAND invited close to 560,000 service...

  9. Top-Line Results from the RAND Military Workplace Study
    (pp. 9-26)

    Here we describe the top-line findings on the estimated percentage of active-duty men and women who experienced sexual assaults and sex-based MEO violations (including gender discrimination and sexual harassment) in the past year.⁸ Because we measure these offenses differently than they have been measured in the past, the estimates generated using the new RMWS assessment methodology cannot be directly compared with past WGRA results. The results in this section represent our preliminary estimates for the percentage of service members who experienced events in the past year that would qualify as sex crimes under UCMJ Article 120 or Article 80, or...

  10. Implications of the Top-Line Results
    (pp. 27-30)

    Our findings from the portion of our study conducted using the prior WGRA form suggest that unwanted sexual contact and sexual harassment, as these have been measured over the past eight years, have declined for active-duty women since 2012, but they are not significantly lower than the percentages observed in 2010. Similarly, a smaller percentage of men are experiencing past-year unwanted sexual contacts or sexual harassment today than in 2006, though most of the change in these trends occurred between 2006 and 2010. Since then, the percentage of men reporting pastyear unwanted sexual contact or sexual harassment has remained steady...

  11. Next Steps
    (pp. 31-32)

    This report describes only the preliminary top-line findings from the RMWS. These top-line results are likely to generate many questions about the details of the sexual assaults and sex-based MEO violations that we have documented here, as well as about differences in estimates produced by the prior WGRA form and the new RMWS questionnaire. The RAND team will analyze these and other topics through the winter of 2014–2015, and we will provide these more-detailed analyses, along with public reports on the methodology and the main findings, in the late spring of 2015. These reports will include findings

    rates of...

  12. Appendix: A Brief Overview of RMWS Weighting Procedures
    (pp. 33-36)
  13. References
    (pp. 37-38)
  14. Notes
    (pp. 39-42)
  15. Abbreviations
    (pp. 43-44)