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An Assessment of the Present and Future Labor Market in the Kurdistan Region—Iraq

An Assessment of the Present and Future Labor Market in the Kurdistan Region—Iraq: Implications for Policies to Increase Private-Sector Employment

Howard J. Shatz
Louay Constant
Jill E. Luoto
Alexandria C. Smith
Shmuel Abramzon
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 136
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  • Book Info
    An Assessment of the Present and Future Labor Market in the Kurdistan Region—Iraq
    Book Description:

    The study addresses the question of how the Kurdistan Regional Government can improve the private-sector labor market in the Kurdistan Region–Iraq. Doing so will involve creating mechanisms by which job-seekers can develop the right skills and find employers who will hire them, employers can find the employees they need, and the government can create an enabling environment in which the best matches between job-seekers and employers can be made.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8993-9
    Subjects: History, Business, Management & Organizational Behavior, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xix-xx)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    The Kurdistan Region–Iraq (KRI) is developing rapidly. Fueled by its natural resource wealth, the economy is growing especially in infrastructure and services. Although a large share of the economy remains in the government sector, the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) has been promoting a larger role for the private sector. To develop a private sector that can further fuel and sustain this economic growth, KRG policymakers will need to take steps to develop a more robust labor market that can supply the necessary skills. This study addresses the issue of how the KRG can promote a labor market that is...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Education Levels, Skills, and Labor-Force Participation of Potential Future Labor-Market Entrants
    (pp. 5-20)

    A leading KRG policy goal is to create a more private-sector–oriented economy in which future job-seekers find employment in the private sector rather than relying on the government to provide jobs. In this chapter, we assess future labor supply through 2020 and provide projections of the number of future job-seekers, their level of education, and for those completing postsecondary education, their course of study. The analysis will help policymakers better understand how labor and human capital inputs into the future KRI economy might evolve and the types of occupations future workers are most likely to be trained for. The...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Skills Gaps and Expected Private-Sector Labor Demand in the Kurdistan Region–Iraq
    (pp. 21-40)

    In the previous chapter, we estimated the future numbers and education levels of people finishing their education and seeking employment—thesupplyside of the labor market. Here, we summarize the types of skills and occupations that private-sector employers need—thedemandside of the labor market, with particular focus on those skills perceived as missing among the existing labor force. The combination of findings in these two chapters can shed light on where the supply of and demand for skills are not aligned. We identify current labor needs among private-sector employers, as well as perceived problems in meeting those...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Scenarios for Sectoral Employment Growth in the Kurdistan Region–Iraq
    (pp. 41-58)

    We have so far provided information on the future supply of labor and on employer demand for skills. As the economy grows, certain economic sectors likely will gain employment more rapidly than others. These sectors will have the companies with the greatest hiring activity and will provide the most opportunity to future job-seekers. In this chapter, we aim to give KRG policymakers a better idea of potential futures for sectoral employment growth in the KRI from 2010 through 2025.

    To understand potential futures, we drew on historical evidence about how employment in small and medium-sized resource-rich economies has developed. Specifically,...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Labor-Market Information Systems
    (pp. 59-78)

    We have so far presented findings on projected labor-market entrants and their education and qualifications, employer demand for skills, and the likely trajectory of sectoral growth in the KRI’s economy. As the KRI’s economy continues to develop, and because of the KRG’s expressed interest in achieving market-driven development with a growing share of privatesector employment, the KRG will benefit from monitoring labor-market trends with up-todate and comprehensive information. Such information can help the KRG better respond to labor-market developments and inform policy decisions. In addition, as the economy develops and employers need employees with scarcer, more-specialized skills, informal job-search networks...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Conclusions and Policy Directions
    (pp. 79-84)

    Since 2003, the KRI has witnessed tremendous growth in infrastructure and services, and this growth is likely to continue. Improvement in the functioning of the labor market can help sustain this growth, spread its benefits throughout the population by leading to the hiring of more employees from within the KRI, and further develop the private sector. This study has investigated three key aspects of the labor market. These are labor supply, labor demand, and likely employment growth sectors. It has also outlined a potential tool for KRG policymakers—an LMIS. KRG policymakers can pursue a number of concrete policy steps...

  15. APPENDIX A The RAND Survey of Business Establishments 2012: The RAND Skills Survey
    (pp. 85-100)
  16. APPENDIX B The RAND Survey of Business Establishments 2012: Sampling Design
    (pp. 101-108)
  17. Bibliography
    (pp. 109-114)