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An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training

An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training

Kirsten M. Keller
Laura L. Miller
Sean Robson
Coreen Farris
Brian D. Stucky
Marian Oshiro
Sarah O. Meadows
Copyright Date: 2015
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 198
  • Book Info
    An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training
    Book Description:

    The U.S. Air Force’s Air Education and Training Command asked RAND to develop an integrated survey system to help address abuse and misconduct by military training instructors (MTIs) toward trainees during Basic Military Training. RAND developed two complementary surveys, one for trainees and one for MTIs. The report also includes recommendations about survey administration, reporting the results, and tracking and monitoring abuse and misconduct.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-9135-2
    Subjects: Business, Management & Organizational Behavior, Sociology, History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. 1. Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    Every year, roughly 35,000 new U.S. Air Force recruits attend Basic Military Training (BMT) at Lackland Air Force Base near San Antonio, Texas. BMT is the Air Force’s entry-level training (i.e., basic training or boot camp) that all enlisted recruits must pass through and graduate before they are considered airmen.¹ It is a brief, intense period of knowledge acquisition and skill building that is intended to provide foundational training and socialization into Air Force culture. At the time of this study, BMT was approximately eight weeks long. After completing and graduating from BMT, trainees move on to locations throughout the...

  9. 2. The BMT Trainee Survey
    (pp. 5-22)

    The BMT trainee survey was developed to help AETC headquarters and BMT leaders detect incidents of abuse and sexual misconduct and to provide data to identify actions needed to prevent and respond to future incidents. This chapter is dedicated to describing the content of the final survey RAND developed, which can be reviewed in full in Appendix B. We also describe the recommended analytic procedures for the survey in this chapter. For the interested reader, we present greater detail on the development of the survey in Appendix A.

    The overall design of the BMT trainee survey provides a framework for...

  10. 3. The MTI Survey
    (pp. 23-38)

    The MTI survey is a separate but complementary survey to the trainee survey. The MTI survey collects additional data on abuse and misconduct toward trainees at BMT. Like the trainee survey, the MTI survey is designed to help AETC headquarters and BMT leaders detect incidents of abuse and sexual misconduct and to provide data to help them develop appropriate actions to reduce both. Additionally, the MTI survey includes a section assessing overall MTI quality of life. Prior to the current project, AETC already had an MTI Quality of Life Survey (QOLS), which was administered to MTIs once a year. In...

  11. 4. Survey Participation and Administration
    (pp. 39-46)

    This chapter presents our recommendations regarding survey participation and administration for both the trainee and MTI surveys. These surveys should be administered via computer to permit necessary branching on survey questions (see Figure 2.1). Unlike Scantron or paper-and-pencil methods, computerized survey taking can also help to eliminate potential errors, save time, and conserve the resources required to conduct and analyze a survey. Below, we make recommendations regarding participant selection and guidance, survey timing, and promoting open and honest responses.

    Rather than conducting the survey with a random sample of trainees, we recommend thatalltrainees take the survey. Some abuse...

  12. 5. Reporting Results and Taking Action
    (pp. 47-52)

    Organizational surveys can be an important tool for measuring the prevalence of behaviors such as abuse and misconduct, job attitudes, organizational strengths, and opportunities for improvement. However, assessment is only the first step toward making improvements within an organization. To maximize the value of the surveys, we recommend that AETC follow up with (1) analyses and trend tracking over time, (2) triangulation with other relevant data sources and follow-up data collection to better understand the results, (3) a systematic process for reporting results to senior Air Force leaders and other key stakeholders, (4) prioritization of problem areas and setting goals...

  13. 6. Conclusion and Additional Recommendations for BMT
    (pp. 53-58)

    This report describes the integrated survey system RAND developed for the Air Force to implement at BMT in response to incidents of abuse and sexual misconduct. The trainee and MTI surveys—designed for ongoing, routine administration—are intended to help AETC track trends and detect problems before they proliferate. The results of these complementary surveys should be integrated into an overall feedback system to give leadership a more complete picture of “ground truth” and point toward corrective actions.

    The survey system is designed to augment rather than substitute for direct interaction and monitoring by leadership and by professionals, such as...

  14. Appendix A. Methodological Details on the Development of the Survey Content
    (pp. 59-84)
  15. Appendix B. BMT Trainee Survey: Abuse and Misconduct
    (pp. 85-124)
  16. Appendix C. MTI Survey: Quality of Life and Training Abuse and Misconduct
    (pp. 125-158)
  17. Appendix D. Sample Page from Reporting Template for Trainee Survey
    (pp. 159-160)
  18. Appendix E. Proposed Core Content for an MTI Survey Recruitment Letter
    (pp. 161-162)
  19. Appendix F. Developing an Integrated Feedback System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct
    (pp. 163-170)
  20. Bibliography
    (pp. 171-180)