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Bridging the Gap

Bridging the Gap: Prototype Tools to Support Local Disaster Preparedness Planning and Collaboration

Melinda Moore
Michael A. Wermuth
Adam C. Resnick
Harold D. Green
James R. Broyles
Scot Hickey
Jordan Ostwald
Kristin J. Leuschner
Kimberlie Biever
Copyright Date: 2012
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 144
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  • Book Info
    Bridging the Gap
    Book Description:

    This report describes the current policy context for domestic all-hazards risk-informed capabilities-based planning by local military and civilian authorities and results from interviews with such planners at five selected sites. Together, these form the basis for a planning support tool, for which the framework is described in this report.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-7988-6
    Subjects: Sociology, Environmental Science, Technology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xi-xvi)

    Local disaster preparedness planners face a major challenge in planning and coordinating local response operations, which may involve civilian and military organizations, especially health and medical care providers. Military and civilian organizations are often unaware of each other’s planning needs and capabilities in an all-hazards context.

    National guidance supports capabilities-based planning for disaster preparedness, focusing on planning to provide capabilities to address a wide range of scenarios. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Affairs, together with the Public Health and Environmental Hazards Office of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), asked RAND...

  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-8)

    Local disaster preparedness planners face a major challenge in planning and coordinating with the many agencies that have authority and responsibility for conducting local response operations, including civilian governments, military installations, local health and medical care providers including hospitals affiliated with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and other medical care organizations, and relevant nongovernmental organizations. Military and civilian organizations in the same region are often unaware of each other’s planning needs and capabilities and thus miss opportunities for collaborative community-based disaster planning (Embrey et al., 2010). Another challenge is the need to plan for providing the full range...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Community Preparedness Planning Tool
    (pp. 9-38)

    In this chapter, we describe the initial workable prototype for the Community Preparedness Planning Tool that was developed by RAND. This prototype is a result of our research and analysis to date, including consultation and vetting with local community and military installation emergency planners. Although the prototype will actually perform certain functions within the specified parameters for the limited set of scenarios that we have selected and used, more extensive research and testing, as well as potential modifications to the prototype, will be required before a more fully tested tool will be ready for validation by potential sponsors and end-users....

  11. CHAPTER THREE Networking Tools
    (pp. 39-50)

    Local all-hazards preparedness and response usually involve multiple agencies—within both the civilian and military sectors—that need to address multiple capabilities across one or more locally relevant disaster planning scenarios. These activities can quickly become complex and challenging to manage. Well-developed social networks can potentially enhance successful local preparedness planning by building familiarity and relationships and facilitating joint activities and collaboration among local response organizations.

    RAND developed a community networking framework that makes use of two existing tools, Liferay Social Office, and CI-KNOW (Cyber Infrastructure Knowledge Networks on the Web).¹ These tools can help preparedness planners improve their understanding...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Conclusions and Next Steps
    (pp. 51-52)

    The prototype for the capabilities-based planning tool and the two fully functional networking tools developed through this project and described in this report primarily draw from extensive national guidance and other published reports, existing data and existing generic software to provide a new and automated way to perform inherently complex capabilities-based disaster planning and to facilitate networking among local emergency management agencies.

    The planning tool, although still an initial prototype, is functional within the scope of its design. We have noted in several places earlier in the report that much of the data used for the tool are in wide...

  13. APPENDIX A List and Description of Source Documents Used in Developing the Community Preparedness Planning Tool
    (pp. 53-56)
  14. APPENDIX B List of Required Capabilities for the Community Preparedness Planning Tool
    (pp. 57-62)
  15. APPENDIX C Lists of Data Elements Used in the Community Preparedness Planning Tool
    (pp. 63-78)
  16. APPENDIX D Function Definitions and Planning Factors Used in the Community Preparedness Planning Tool
    (pp. 79-122)
  17. Bibliography
    (pp. 123-124)