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Physical Fitness and Resilience

Physical Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

Sean Robson
Copyright Date: 2013
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 46
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  • Book Info
    Physical Fitness and Resilience
    Book Description:

    This report is one of a series designed to support Air Force leaders in promoting resilience among its Airmen, civilian employees, and Air Force families. It examines the relationship between physical fitness and resilience, using key constructs found in the scientific literature that address work-related physical fitness and health-related physical fitness.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8377-7
    Subjects: Population Studies, Health Sciences, Management & Organizational Behavior

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-vi)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Summary
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Abbreviations
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  7. 1. The Context of This Report
    (pp. 1-4)

    This report is one of a series designed to support Air Force leaders in promoting resilience among Airmen, its civilian employees, and Air Force family members. The research sponsors requested that RAND assess the current resilience-related constructs and measures in the scientific literature and report any evidence of initiatives that promote resilience across a number of domains. We did not limit our search to research conducted in military settings or with military personnel, as Air Force leaders sought the potential opportunity to apply the results of these studies to a population that had not yet been addressed (i.e., Airmen). Further,...

  8. 2. Physical Fitness Constructs, Measures, and Outcomes
    (pp. 5-16)

    Few would challenge the importance of physical fitness and conditioning. Physical fitness contributes to health, in both mind and body, positively affects job performance, and is recognized as an essential requirement for Air Force readiness. Indeed, the Commander’s Intent states:

    Being physically fit allows you to properly support the Air Force mission. The goal of the Fitness Program … is to motivate all members to participate in a year-round physical conditioning program that emphasizes total fitness, to include proper aerobic conditioning, strength/flexibility training, and healthy eating. Health benefits from an active lifestyle will increase productivity, optimize health, and decrease absenteeism...

  9. 3. Interventions to Promote Physical Fitness
    (pp. 17-22)

    The promotion of physical activity has been explored from a number of perspectives. Consequently, several meta-analyses and reviews have been conducted examining a variety of interventions to promote physical activity. In fact, these reviews prompted the Health Development Agency in the United Kingdom to conduct an evidence briefing, a review of reviews, of public health interventions (Hillsdon, 2004). Varying levels of support were found for the different interventions, leading to three broad conclusions. First, brief interventions from health care professionals were found to generally result in short-term change in physical activity levels for those individuals who were previously sedentary. Second,...

  10. 4. Conclusion
    (pp. 23-24)

    This report has focused on the physical fitness domain of the Total Force Fitness construct. Physical fitness constructs can relate to either the ability to perform demanding physical tasks (performance-related fitness) or the promotion of general health and well-being (health-related fitness). Because of a recent shift in both research and policy, this chapter focused on health-related physical fitness. Specifically, it makes a distinction between physicalfitnessand physicalactivity. Physical fitness is a reflection of physical ability, whereas physical activity is characterized by biological, metabolic, and physical properties. Physical activity is viewed as a process.

    Physical activity has many direct...

  11. Bibliography
    (pp. 25-32)