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Improving Interagency Information Sharing Using Technology Demonstrations

Improving Interagency Information Sharing Using Technology Demonstrations: The Legal Basis for Using New Sensor Technologies for Counterdrug Operations Along the U.S. Border

Daniel Gonzales
Sarah Harting
Jason Mastbaum
Carolyn Wong
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 102
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  • Book Info
    Improving Interagency Information Sharing Using Technology Demonstrations
    Book Description:

    The Department of Defense (DoD) has developed new sensor technologies to support U.S. forces in Iraq and Afghanistan; these technologies are potentially useful for counterdrug operations along the southern U.S. border, but there are legal questions regarding how they may be used and how sensor information may be shared between federal agencies in domestic operations. This report examines federal law and DoD policy to answer these questions.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8570-2
    Subjects: History, Technology, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-6)

    Recent technology advances have led to the development of new information collection, processing, and disseminations capabilities for Department of Defense (DoD) users. Because information technology is advancing at such a rapid pace, many of these new capabilities are not being developed in traditional acquisition programs of record. Instead, they are being developed and refined in experiments and technology demonstrations. This is due not only to the fact that important underlying technologies invented in the commercial world have utility for military operations, but also because many innovative ideas have been generated in the DoD research and development (R&D) community and by...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Relevant U.S. Law
    (pp. 7-28)

    The policies of all federal departments and agencies must be consistent with federal statutory provisions. If U.S. law were static or unchanging over time, it would be relatively easy to ensure that DoD policy is consistent with the law. However, many parts of the law are amended each year. The U.S. Congress passes new laws to address ever-changing circumstances and priorities. Many laws passed by Congress are permanent in nature and enter into the U.S. Code. Other provisions are temporary and have been given explicit expiration dates by Congress. For example, some sections of the USA PATRIOT Act contain temporary...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Relevant Department of Defense Policy
    (pp. 29-36)

    DoD policy can be issued in a number of forms: DoD directives (DoDDs) or instructions (DoDIs), memoranda signed by the Secretary of Defense or Deputy Secretary of Defense, or policy issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). These two types of memoranda are the only DoD memoranda recognized as DoD policy and having the associated authority. DoDDs, DoDIs, and memoranda issued by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense apply to various members of DoD. CJCS policy is issued in the form of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instructions (CJCSIs). Generally...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Thunderstorm Demonstrations and Approval Processes
    (pp. 37-46)

    The commercial world and even academia are rapidly developing new technologies that may have important implications for defense and homeland security. Much of this development effort is not specifically targeted for defense or homeland security or being done to meet specific needs and requirements of DoD or DHS acquisition programs; these efforts are taking place outside of the traditional acquisition system. Even for some of the R&D work done by DoD research labs, sometimes there is not a clear path for transitioning these technologies and efforts into operational capabilities. As a result, an important contributor to the rapid fielding of...

  12. CHAPTER FIVE Findings and Recommendations
    (pp. 47-50)

    We examined U.S. laws governing U.S. military CD support to federal, state, and local authorities, and in particular we sought to clarify the legal basis for using DoD sensors in DoD or in joint DoD and CBP technology demonstrations along the southern U.S. border that have a CD nexus. U.S. law and DoD policy have been amended and revised in this area over time. In the 1980s, Congress recognized that civilian LEAs were at a significant disadvantage to the growing abilities of drug smugglers that were transporting drugs into the U.S. and across U.S. borders. Changes to U.S. law have...

  13. APPENDIX A National Defense Authorization Acts Relevant to Counterdrug Operations
    (pp. 51-54)
  14. APPENDIX B National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, Section 1004, as Amended
    (pp. 55-58)
  15. APPENDIX C Public Law 100-456, Chapter 18 of Title 10, United States Code
    (pp. 59-80)
  16. References
    (pp. 81-84)