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An Assessment of Program Sustainability in Three Bureau of Justice Assistance Criminal Justice Domains

An Assessment of Program Sustainability in Three Bureau of Justice Assistance Criminal Justice Domains

Eyal Aharoni
Lila Rabinovich
Joshua Mallett
Andrew R. Morral
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 62
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  • Book Info
    An Assessment of Program Sustainability in Three Bureau of Justice Assistance Criminal Justice Domains
    Book Description:

    Researchers examined the characteristics and environments of programs likely to persist beyond federal seed funding and to delineate strategies that will enable the Bureau of Justice Assistance to help programs sustain themselves. They assessed drug court, human trafficking, and mental health programs to identify factors associated with sustainment and recommend a plan for ongoing measurement of sustainability.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8651-8
    Subjects: General Science, Technology, Law

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-xii)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  8. Chapter One. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) seeks to improve community safety by supporting the dissemination of effective criminal justice strategies. One way it pursues its mission is to fund innovative criminal justice programs. Thus, each year, BJA makes hundreds of awards to state, local, tribal, and nonprofit criminal justice programs to help them develop or expand their services. In many cases, these investments are seed funds designed to help establish a new service that will continue to provide benefits for years to come, and long after the BJA funds have been spent. For these programs, BJA shares the interest of...

  9. Chapter Two. Insights on Program Sustainability from the Empirical Literature
    (pp. 3-12)

    The empirical literature on program sustainability has grown significantly in the past two decades, providing useful insights to researchers, funders, and implementation agencies across different fields of social policy into what might help a program continue to be implemented after the conclusion of initial funding. Nevertheless, research on this topic is fragmented and “has not yet coalesced into a single research paradigm, a shared set of statistical methods, or even a common terminology” (Scheirer, 2005, p. 321; see also Schell et al., 2013).

    A majority of research into sustainability has occurred in the fields of public health and international development....

  10. Chapter Three. Insights on Program Sustainability from Successful Program Directors
    (pp. 13-16)

    To expand on the limited empirical literature on criminal justice program sustainability and to obtain personal narrative insights about program sustainability from those with extensive experience, we conducted in-depth interviews with experts on demonstration programs.

    The interviewed experts were drawn from organizations dedicated to creating criminal justice demonstration programs, nourishing them, and finding ways to institutionalize them either as independent agencies or within existing criminal justice organizations. The Vera Institute of Justice and the Center for Court Innovation both have strong records in establishing criminal justice reform efforts that thrive over time. For example, Vera created the nation’s first pretrial...

  11. Chapter Four. Factors Affecting the Sustainment of Bureau of Justice Assistance–Supported Programs
    (pp. 17-28)

    To evaluate factors associated with the sustainment of recent BJA-supported programs, we first analyzed archival information on each program, coding each for the presence or absence of factors previously suggested to be related to sustainability. Subsequently, we conducted surveys with principals from each grantee program that we could locate. These surveys were designed to gain additional information on program characteristics, information on how long beyond the end of BJA grant funding the programs continued, and details on the factors that contributed to the decision to end programs, when applicable. In this chapter, we describe the programs, their sustainment status, and...

  12. Chapter Five. Conclusions and Recommendations
    (pp. 29-34)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the sustainment status of BJA programs across three domains and to examine possible factors predicting program sustainment. The majority of BJA programs with which we were able to follow up reported evidence of program sustainment, which is consistent with Scheirer’s (2005) finding that about 60 percent of health programs studied in prior research about sustainability reported sustainment of at least one program component. Moreover, most of the BJA programs that responded to the survey were successful in procuring supplemental support, particularly state-level funding and internal matching funds. They also demonstrated high levels...

  13. Appendix A: Variables Collected from Bureau of Justice Assistance Reports
    (pp. 35-36)
  14. Appendix B. Survey Questions
    (pp. 37-40)
  15. Appendix C. Results of A Priori Logistic Regressions
    (pp. 41-42)
  16. Appendix D. Results of Post Hoc Logistic Regressions
    (pp. 43-44)
  17. References
    (pp. 45-48)