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Hours of Opportunity, Volume 2

Hours of Opportunity, Volume 2: The Power of Data to Improve After-School Programs Citywide

Copyright Date: 2010
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 116
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  • Book Info
    Hours of Opportunity, Volume 2
    Book Description:

    The Wallace Foundation sponsored an initiative to help five cities increase collaboration, access, quality, information sharing, and sustainability in their out-of-school-time systems. The second in this three-volume series describes how Wallace Foundation grantees and three other cities used management information systems to collect and use data on out-of-school-time programs, including enrollment, attendance, and student outcomes.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5102-8
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Summary
    (pp. xi-xxii)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-18)

    All cities strive to ensure that children and youth develop into healthy, productive members of society. Out-of-school-time (OST) programs, which include after-school and summer programs, are increasingly seen as a contributor to helping cities and states meet this goal. Research has shown that high-quality OST programs are associated with improvements in children’s attendance, homework completion, grades, school behavior, and socioemotional outcomes (Lauer et al., 2006). In addition, OST programs may reduce crime and teen pregnancy by engaging youth after school hours, prime time for teens, in particular, to engage in problem behaviors (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2000; U.S. Department...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Cities’ Development and Use of Out-of-School-Time Management Information Systems
    (pp. 19-42)

    Each of the cities in our study had a unique context, which resulted in differences in the goals for the MI system, the proportion of city-funded programs included, development decisions, and how the MI system and its data were ultimately used. We begin this chapter with discussion of the shared rationale for the investment in MI systems in the eight cities. We then provide a brief overview of the city context and the status of the MI system in each city (as of spring 2009), including its specific goals, scope, and stage of development. The chapter then discusses how city...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Ensuring Data Quality
    (pp. 43-52)

    The old maxim, “garbage in, garbage out,” applies just as well to the world of OST management information systems as to almost any other sector or business with a need for useful information. As described in the introduction, the accuracy and timeliness of data housed in MI systems is crucial to the value of the system, and inaccurate or late data entry directly affect how system data can be used to inform decisions about OST program policy, planning, and quality improvement. Drawing on interview and survey data, this chapter describes four factors that city officials reported helped improve the quality...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Providers’ Use of Data from Management Information Systems
    (pp. 53-68)

    Providers play a key role in determining the extent to which the adoption of MI systems can bring about improvements in OST provision. Provider organizations are responsible for entering data into the systems. Further, leaders of these organizations can use data from the MI system to inform their own programmatic choices and continuous improvement cycles. In this chapter, we draw on interview and survey data (survey respondents tended to be executive directors or program managers) to describe providers’ use of their cities’ MI systems, use of data from MI systems, and factors that enabled or constrained providers’ use of data....

  12. CHAPTER FIVE Conclusion
    (pp. 69-78)

    This monograph focused on one mechanism that can be used to facilitate the flow of information among key stakeholders in an OST system to improve decisionmaking—the adoption of web-based MI systems. MI systems can help improve OST provision by providing city agencies, intermediaries, and providers with valuable and comparable information about programming and participation. Theoretically, if stakeholders used the data generated by these systems in decisionmaking, it could lead to improved OST services and access to programming for children and youth, which could, in turn, lead to better outcomes for participants. At the city level, current information on enrollment...

  13. APPENDIX Survey Administration, Sampling, Weighting, and Modeling
    (pp. 79-86)
  14. References
    (pp. 87-90)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 91-91)