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Hours of Opportunity, Volume 1

Hours of Opportunity, Volume 1: Lessons from Five Cities on Building Systems to Improve After-School, Summer School, and Other Out-of-School-Time Programs

Copyright Date: 2010
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 102
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  • Book Info
    Hours of Opportunity, Volume 1
    Book Description:

    The Wallace Foundation sponsored an initiative to help five cities increase collaboration, access, quality, information sharing, and sustainability in their out-of-school-time systems. The first in this three-volume series describes the cities' early work under the grant and analyzes the conditions and activities that contributed to their progress in building a coordinated system of services to meet the initiative's goals.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5054-0
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Summary
    (pp. xi-xviii)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xix-xx)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-12)

    Youth (grades kindergarten through 12) across the United States participate in publicly supported out-of-school-time (OST) programs in group settings after school and in summertime. Such programs include simple after-school care services to support working parents, programs specifically structured to help reduce problem behaviors, programs that reinforce academic achievement, and programs that offer access to sports, arts, crafts, and other activities. Local service providers may be a combination of community-based organizations (CBOs), city agencies, and intermediary organizations. The collection of OST providers and funders in a city can often be fragmented and uncoordinated, however (Bodilly and Beckett, 2005; Halpern, 2006).


  9. CHAPTER TWO The Early Phases of the Initiative and Decisions Made: The Importance of Context
    (pp. 13-32)

    This chapter addresses research question 1 concerning what happened in the early phases of the initiative. We found that the sites showed significant variation even before the initiative, and these differences shaped their respective goals and plans. While they had common overarching goals that aligned with The Wallace Foundation’s intentions, they adapted those goals to suit their city’s needs. When city context changed, it affected how the effort proceeded. The findings of the cross-case analysis point to multiple ways in which other cities can approach improving OST provision, depending on their circumstances.

    First, we present further background on the steps...

  10. CHAPTER THREE How Sites Attempted to Improve Access, Quality, Information, and Sustainability and the Progress They Made
    (pp. 33-58)

    The sites undertook a set of activities to meet the initiative’s goals: increasing access, improving quality, developing better information to improve decisionmaking, and increasing sustainability. To answer research question 2, we tracked what each city did to achieve the four goals. We begin by describing what each of the sites achieved in terms of access, quality, information, and sustainability. We then describe the types of activities undertaken to achieve results for each goal.

    The sites were able to accomplish much under the Wallace grant. At the point of our final data collection (spring 2009), two of the sites had completed...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Enabling Coordinated System-Building Efforts
    (pp. 59-72)

    The Wallace Foundation’s premise was that collaborative approaches across organizations within a city would help enable the creation of a more effective and coordinated OST program. Here, we discuss whether and how the sites used collaborative approaches to enable the initiative to move forward (answering research question 3). Similar to the approach in the previous chapter, we relied on the sites to tell us how they approached collaboration across organizations and agencies and what enabled it. We then placed that information into categories developed from the literature.

    The sites used different means to achieve more coordination. Respondents thought that these...

  12. CHAPTER FIVE Lessons for Other Cities
    (pp. 73-78)

    The comparative case study approach yielded rich details and increased understanding of the pathways, processes, and hypotheses that can be tested in the future. This analysis provided useful comparative information about what cities can do to address shortfalls in access or quality of after-school provision and how some cities have built MI systems and strived for sustainable funding. Our analysis showed that the context of each city mattered in what it chose to focus on. It also confirmed much of the literature in terms of what would prove to be important for progress. It provided evidence on very specific actions...

  13. References
    (pp. 79-80)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 81-81)