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Hard Fighting

Hard Fighting: Israel in Lebanon and Gaza

David E. Johnson
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 264
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  • Book Info
    Hard Fighting
    Book Description:

    Like Israel in 2006, the United States today is likely ill prepared for hybrid warfare. To identify lessons that the U.S. military might learn from the Israeli experience in Lebanon, the author examines the state of the Israeli military before the Second Lebanon War, the lessons it learned during that conflict, the reforms it undertook to address its deficiencies, and how it fared during Operation Cast Lead three years later.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5853-9
    Subjects: Technology, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-vi)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. Figures
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xv-xxx)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxxi-xxxii)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxxiii-xxxvi)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-8)

    Since 2003, the United States has been deeply engaged in counterinsurgency (COIN) campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the U.S. military has made significant changes to its training, organizing, and equipping paradigms—once heavily biased toward major combat operations—to adapt to these two irregular wars. Indeed, a 2008 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) directive stated that it is DoD policy to “recognize that IW [irregular warfare] is as strategically important as traditional warfare.”¹ This recognition followed the revamping of U.S. strategy in Iraq, publication of a new U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps COIN manual, publication of a U.S....

  10. CHAPTER TWO The Second Lebanon War
    (pp. 9-94)

    On July 12, 2006, Hezbollah operatives ambushed two IDF High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs) conducting a routine patrol along the border between Israel and Lebanon near the village of Zarit (shown on the map in Figure 2.1).² Three IDF soldiers were injured and at least three others were killed. Two soldiers, Udi Goldwasser and Eldad Regev, were taken from the ambush site into Lebanon. This action led to the first Israeli military operation in Lebanon since the IDF’s withdrawal in 2000 and to the largest-scale Israeli military action since the First Lebanon War (1982). This chapter discusses the factors...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Operation Cast Lead
    (pp. 95-144)

    On December 27, 2008, Israel launched military operations (Operation Cast Lead) against Hamas in the Gaza Strip. This confrontation between Israel and Hamas had been brewing since the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza in 2005.

    In August 2005, Israel unilaterally pulled out of Gaza, ending 38 years of occupation. Palestinians in Gaza, the West Bank, and elsewhere believed that the pullout did not actually result in much of a difference in the status of the territory. They argued that Israel still controlled traffic and utilities in and out of Gaza by land and sea and that it refused to allow an...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR The Relevance of the Israeli Experience for the U.S. Joint Force
    (pp. 145-182)

    Israel’s security situation, like that of the United States, demands that it prepare for the full range of military operations—what the IDF calls the “rainbow of conflict.” For the IDF, this spectrum includes low-intensity conflict (LIC), mainly focused on the West Bank; highintensity conflict (HIC) against contiguous states, most notably Syria; and HIC against “states without borders” (specifically, Iran). What is clear from Lebanon and Gaza is that Israelis have expanded their view of what their defense forces must be ready to do. Before Lebanon, the Israeli Army focused almost exclusively on LIC, mostly in the form stopping the...

  13. APPENDIX Timeline of the 2006 Second Lebanon War
    (pp. 183-184)
  14. Bibliography
    (pp. 185-202)
  15. Index
    (pp. 203-228)