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From Insurgency to Stability

From Insurgency to Stability: Volume I: Key Capabilities and Practices

Angel Rabasa
John Gordon
Peter Chalk
Christopher S. Chivvis
Audra K. Grant
K. Scott McMahon
Laurel E. Miller
Marco Overhaus
Stephanie Pezard
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 272
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    From Insurgency to Stability
    Book Description:

    This book identifies the procedures and capabilities that the U.S. Department of Defense, other agencies of the U.S. government, U.S. allies and partners, and international organizations require in order to support the transition from counterinsurgency, when the military takes primary responsibility for security and economic operations, to stability and reconstruction, when police and civilian government agencies take the lead.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5305-3
    Subjects: Political Science, Technology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  4. Figures
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xv-xxxii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxxiii-xxxiv)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxxv-xlii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-12)

    This monograph is one part of a two-phase project. The second part is a series of case studies that examine past and ongoing insurgencies. That study looked for lessons on what is required to bring counterinsurgency to a successful end and begin the transition process. This study focuses on what capabilities the United States needs in order to help nations successfully conduct transition from counterinsurgency (COIN) to stability, and the extent to which these capabilities are available to the U.S. government, allies, coalition partners, and international organizations. Most of the insights in this study are applicable to the Department of...

  10. CHAPTER TWO U.S. Interagency Planning and Implementation— Vision and Reality in 2010
    (pp. 13-30)

    In Army Field Manual 3-07, the service warns that transitioning stability and reconstruction operations (SROs) from military to civilian leadership “involves inherent risks.”¹ Allied planners apparently understood the risks during World War II: Planning for the postwar occupation of Germany began two years before Germany surrendered. Before Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) commenced, researchers at the U.S. Army War College studied past conflicts and warned, “no part of postconflict operations has been more problematic for American military forces than the handover to civilian agencies.”²

    The Reconstruction and Stabilization Civilian Management Act (RSCMA) of 2008 charges the Department of State’s Office of...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Military-to-Civilian Hand-Off of Security and Economic Operations
    (pp. 31-50)

    The central issue in a successful COIN transition is the hand-off of security and economic operations from military to civilian agencies. We are concerned here primarily with the hand-off from DoD to other U.S. agencies and to supported nation organizations. The process is similar in cases of limited U.S. involvement, where the hand-off is from the local military to local civilian agencies, with the U.S. playing an advisory role. This chapter assesses the existing and potential gaps in U.S. capabilities and processes related to the military-to-civilian agency hand-off of security and economic lines of operation in a postconflict environment. As...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration
    (pp. 51-80)

    This chapter discusses the main features of the DDR process, delineating short-, medium-, and long-term goals and necessary prerequisites for DDR programs to be properly implemented. It then looks at the specific role that international police services play in DDR programs, both unilaterally and in conjunction with other states. Finally, it identifies pertinent lessons and extrapolates to current U.S. government thinking on how best to approach and consolidate a post-COIN environment.

    The objective of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs is to consolidate the transition by ensuring the full reintegration of ex-combatants into a civilian setting. Ideally, DRR should be implemented...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Police and Justice Functions
    (pp. 81-106)

    Police and justice functions are at the core of political and social order and play a key role in the daily life of populations to whom they provide basic security services.¹ Policing and justice capabilities are particularly important in the transitional stage of COIN. During the period when the government appears to be on the path to winning and levels of violence have been consistently decreasing, a strong and legitimate security sector can ensure that this trend continues. This chapter first discusses how police and justice sector reform can support the transition, what capabilities are required to implement reform in...

  14. CHAPTER SIX The Contribution of International Partners
    (pp. 107-138)

    The vast majority of COIN transition operations since the end of the Cold War have taken place in a multilateral context. Even in cases where the United States provides the bulk of the military forces for COIN operations, other countries and international organizations have worked alongside the United States toward the same end. In Iraq, the UN and the EU are both engaged, as are the armed forces and civilian staff of a wide range of countries. In Afghanistan, 28 NATO member states are involved, directly or indirectly, in COIN and stabilization operations. Malaysia has provided a 40-person medical team,...

  15. CHAPTER SEVEN Conclusions and Recommendations
    (pp. 139-158)

    From the preceding discussion flows a series of strategies and recommendations based on lessons learned and expert review of the challenges posed by the transition from COIN to stability. Recommendations range from the establishment of new methodologies to means of improving cooperation and communication among military and civilian actors. They stem from the research presented here as well as from work conducted by other RAND researchers and institutions. The recommendations are intended to facilitate smooth transition of projects and activities in areas experiencing a transition from counterinsurgency to stability and reconstruction operations.

    As we noted in Chapter One, U.S. support...

  16. APPENDIX A U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Implementing or Supporting Policing Capabilities
    (pp. 159-186)
  17. APPENDIX B U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Building or Supporting Justice and Corrections Capabilities
    (pp. 187-202)
  18. APPENDIX C Key Capabilities of U.S. Government Agencies
    (pp. 203-208)
  19. Bibliography
    (pp. 209-229)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 230-230)