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Russia and the Information Revolution

Russia and the Information Revolution

D. J. Peterson
Copyright Date: 2005
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 138
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  • Book Info
    Russia and the Information Revolution
    Book Description:

    This work, the result of a six-year study, sheds light on Russia's role in the global Information Revolution. It examines Russia's increasing reliance on information and communications technologies (IT) to improve its government institutions, modernize business and industry and stimulate economic growth, broaden information access, and enhance the quality of life for Russian people. The author examines Russia's emerging IT sector, how businesses in Russia are seeking to use IT to enhance productivity and profitability, the impact of IT on government, and the course of the Information Revolution in Russian society.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4101-2
    Subjects: Political Science, Technology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. Acronyms
    (pp. xix-xx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-6)

    It is widely believed that the advent ofglasnost, or transparency, in the USSR in the 1980s catalyzed the political awakening and upheavals that ultimately brought down the Soviet regime in 1991. Just two years later, in October 1993, pleas from the Kremlin relayed through the means of nascent Internet connections helped to rally Western support for Boris Yeltsin in his armed conflict with rebel government officials. The near-simultaneity of these events and the advent of the heralded “global Information Revolution” virtually ensured thatinformatizatsiya—the acquisition and sharing of information and ideas enabled by technology—would continue to play...

  10. CHAPTER TWO The IT Sector
    (pp. 7-32)

    The clearest evidence that an Information Revolution is under way in Russia is the emergence and growth of a small but robust IT sector.

    At the time of the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991, Russia did not have an internationally competitive, business-oriented, or market-driven information technology sector. Rather, the country’s considerable math, engineering, microelectronics, communications, and computing capabilities and expertise—which, among other accomplishments, enabled the USSR to compete with the United States in the conquest of space—were embedded in the military-industrial enterprises and to a lesser extent in government ministries and research facilities. Moreover, the IT systems the...

  11. CHAPTER THREE IT in Business and Industry
    (pp. 33-48)

    The Soviet Union collapsed in part due to its outdated and inefficient economy. As one would expect, many Russian businesses today are investing in information technologies to modernize their operations and management and develop new capabilities within a wide range of business processes:

    Finance: Software and systems for budgeting, internal and external accounting, tax reporting, billing, and retail and electronic transactions.

    Human Resources: Payroll, personnel management.

    Process Controls: Systems for monitoring and controlling industrial process equipment.

    Office Automation: Systems to document production and management, database management, e-mail.

    Enterprise Resource Planning: Complex database-driven software used for inventory management, purchasing, and product...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR IT in Government
    (pp. 49-68)

    Improving government performance has been a recurring theme in Russia for centuries. After the 1991 collapse of central planning and the Soviet regime, government reform became a particularly urgent matter, given the need to create a more decentralized state administration, develop public-sector institutions capable of supporting a market-oriented economy, and promote more-democratic politics and policy processes with more accountability. Government reform has become an even higher priority in recent years as President Putin has sought to accelerate economic development and reassert discipline in public administration—what he terms the “vertical of power.” To these ends, a considerable amount of effort...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE IT in Society
    (pp. 69-94)

    This chapter examines the impact of the Internet—or perhaps more specifically the RuNet, the collection of Russian Web sites—on Russian citizens’ lives and Russian society. In addition to covering the rapid development of public use of the Internet, this chapter explores how the technology is shaping individuals’ private and public lives. The chapter examines the development of online content and e-media; the use of the Internet by individuals and organizations for social, professional, and policy objectives (a key to civil-society development); and the exploitation of the Internet for political objectives. To this last point, the chapter closes with...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Key Findings and Prospects for the Future
    (pp. 95-102)

    A principal conclusion that emerges from this study is that while information technologies in Russia have had a big impact on the lives of many Russian citizens who have access to those technologies, an Information Revolution in Russia’s government, economy, or society—such as many of its supporters have anticipated and hoped for—remains off in the distance.

    The clearest evidence of IT’s impact on the Russian economy is the emergence and growth of a small but vibrant market-oriented IT sector consisting of hardware assembly, packaged and contract software development, technology development, and services. In 2004, the IT sector’s growth...

  15. APPENDIX Discussion Participants
    (pp. 103-112)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 113-118)