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Air Force Enlisted Force Management

Air Force Enlisted Force Management: System Interactions and Synchronization Strategies

Jacob Alex Klerman
Jane McClure Burstain
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 132
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  • Book Info
    Air Force Enlisted Force Management
    Book Description:

    A fundamental goal of the Air Force personnel system is to ensure that the manpower inventory, by Air Force specialty code and grade, matches requirements. However, there are structural obstacles that impede achieving this goal. To remove one of those obstacles, the authors propose a methodology that would marginally modify grade authorizations within skill levels to make it possible to better achieve manpower targets.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4604-8
    Subjects: Political Science, Population Studies, Management & Organizational Behavior

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xx)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  8. Acronyms
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  9. 1. Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    Since the implementation of Californiaʹs Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) program in the late 1980s, the stateʹs welfare programs have provided—in addition to cash assistance—welfare-to-work (WTW) services to help current recipients find employment, achieve self-sufficiency, and leave welfare. By statute, these programs are mandatory, and most recipients must participate. Also by statute, if a recipients do not participate, their welfare benefit is reduced. This reduction in the welfare benefit is known as a ʺsanction.ʺ

    Californiaʹs welfare-to-work program in general and sanction policy in particular were basically stable from 1998 through early 2004. One major exception was additional guidance...

  10. 2. CalWORKs Sanction Policy
    (pp. 5-20)

    This chapter provides some background on sanction policy. We begin with a brief overview of welfare reform and WTW programs. We then consider the reasons why states have adopted various kinds of sanction policies. The core of the chapter then describes the CalWORKs noncompliance process in detail and changes to that process required by ACL 03-59 (issued November 14, 2003). Finally, we discuss Governor Schwarzeneggerʹs proposal to change the WTW program, including the noncompliance process. Although some of those proposals were accepted, the sanction proposal was deferred pending the results of the study to which this report will contribute.


  11. 3. Implementation of Sanction Policy
    (pp. 21-50)

    In this chapter, we describe how Californiaʹs counties implement the sanction policy in practice. We do this in three sections that describe how counties initially respond to noncompliance with WTW requirements, when and how they begin the statutory noncompliance process, and the steps they take to assist sanctioned clients who want to come back into compliance.

    The analysis in this chapter draws primarily on the projectʹs qualitative fieldwork and the All County Sanction Survey (ACSS). Usually, when we present ACSS results, we report the unweighted fraction of responding counties giving an answer. When we discuss unweighted percentages in the text,...

  12. 4. Why Clients Are Sanctioned and Home Visits
    (pp. 51-74)

    The previous chapter described the noncompliance process in practice. In this chapter, we ask the following: Why are recipients noncompliant? Why are recipients sanctioned? And, why do some of those recipients stay in sanction for a long time?

    We address these questions by synthesizing several sources of information. Those sources of information include our site visits to County Welfare Departments, our interviews with other informed observers (most notably advocates and ALJs), the All County Sanction Survey (ACSS), and results of county home visit programs and their associated data collection efforts. Notably missing are direct comments of the recipients themselves. The...

  13. 5. Prevalence of Sanction and Characteristics of Those Sanctioned
    (pp. 75-102)

    Relying primarily on our analysis of written documents, our site visits, and our survey of counties, the previous chapters have described sanction policy, how the noncompliance process is actually implemented by counties and their caseworkers, and the available evidence on why some clients become noncompliant and face sanction. In this chapter, we turn from those primarily qualitative analyses to quantitative analyses. Specifically, we present analyses of two complementary data sources on the prevalence of sanctions, the characteristics of those in sanction, and the dynamics of sanction.

    Appendix A presents more detail on the individual data sets and a detailed discussion...

  14. 6. Conclusion
    (pp. 103-110)

    In this final chapter, we summarize our principal findings and discuss directions for future analysis. Without making any specific recommendations, we then discuss several possible directions for changing sanction policy and practice.

    The California legislature requested a study of the following:

    CalWORKs sanction policy, its implementation, and effect on work participation, including, but not limited to, all of the following research issues:

    1) The characteristics of the persons being sanctioned.

    2) The reason participants are being sanctioned.

    3) The length of time in sanctioned status.

    4) Positive and negative sanction outcomes.

    5) Adequacy of procedures to resolve noncompliance prior to...

  15. Appendix A. Methods and Data
    (pp. 111-120)
  16. Appendix B. Changes to NA 840 Language with ACL 03-59
    (pp. 121-124)
  17. Appendix C. All County Sanction Survey Instrument
    (pp. 125-144)
  18. Appendix D. Additional Quantitative Results
    (pp. 145-148)
  19. References
    (pp. 149-154)