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U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology

U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology

Titus Galama
James Hosek
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 188
  • Book Info
    U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology
    Book Description:

    Is the United States in danger of losing its competitive edge in science and technology? This volume reviews the arguments surrounding this issue and contrasts them with relevant data, including trends in research and development investment; information on the size, composition, and pay of the U.S. science and engineering workforce; and domestic and international education statistics. The authors conclude with recommendations for policymakers.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4525-6
    Subjects: Technology, Management & Organizational Behavior, Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xxviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxix-xxx)
  8. Abbreviations and Glossary
    (pp. xxxi-xxxii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-14)

    On October 20, 2005, House Science Committee Chairman Sherwood Boehlert took to the podium before his committee colleagues and made a dramatic pronouncement: “Complacency will kill us. If the United States rests on its withering laurels in this competitive world, we will witness the slow erosion of our pre-eminence, our security, and our standard of living. It’s a sobering message” (Boehlert, 2005). Boehlert was opening a hearing of the House Science Committee, titled “Science, Technology, and Global Economic Competitiveness.” He drew his grim warning from a report by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) being unveiled that day titledRising...

  10. CHAPTER TWO What Are the Implications of the Globalization of S&T and the Rise of Other Nations for U.S. Performance in S&T?
    (pp. 15-54)

    Those who warn that the United States faces an imminent S&T crisis point to globalization as one of two primary causes. Their concern lies in the belief that various effects of globalization are beginning to impede the ability of the United States to compete in S&T. “Today, Americans are feeling the gradual and subtle effects of globalization that challenge the economic and strategic leadership that the United States has enjoyed since World War II,” opens the National Academies of Sciences (2006) reportRising Above the Gathering Storm. Similarly, “We face complex changes in the increasingly globalized economy that put significant...

  11. CHAPTER THREE What Evidence Suggests That the United States Has Been Underinvesting in S&T?
    (pp. 55-118)

    For decades, the United States has boasted the world’s leading system of science and technology. The domestic building blocks that formed the bedrock of this system were sturdy and stable. Now, however, experts are worried that they are slowly, but steadily, crumbling. “[T]he committee is deeply concerned that the scientific and technological building blocks critical to our economic leadership are eroding at a time when many other nations are gathering strength,” reads the central finding of the National Academies of Sciences (2006) report. “The call is clear,” the President’s Council of Advisors on S&T declares, “we must protect and enhance...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Discussion and Recommendations
    (pp. 119-138)

    The United States continues to lead the world in science and technology. The United States accounts for 40 percent of total world R&D spending and 38 percent of industrialized nations’ (OECD countries) patented new technology inventions, employs 37 percent (1.3 million) of OECD researchers (FTE), produces 35 percent, 49 percent, and 63 percent, respectively, of total world publications, citations, and highly cited publications, employs 70 percent of the world’s Nobel Prize winners and 66 percent of its most-cited individuals, and is the home of 75 percent of both the world’s top 20 and top 40 universities and 58 percent of...

  13. APPENDIX: Current Population Survey Data Analysis
    (pp. 139-142)
  14. References
    (pp. 143-155)