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Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges

Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges: Insights from the Experiences of China, France, the United Kingdom, India, and Israel

David E. Johnson
Jennifer D.P. Moroney
Roger Cliff
M. Wade Markel
Laurence Smallman
Michael Spirtas
Copyright Date: 2009
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 314
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  • Book Info
    Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges
    Book Description:

    What can the United States learn from other militaries about how better to prepare for full-spectrum operations and deployments? The authors examine the militaries of China, France, the UK, India, and Israel to (1) identify different approaches to readiness, adaptability, and operational issues and (2) assess the ways in which units are trained both for specific and general deployments and for train, advise, and assist missions.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4938-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Business, Technology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xxviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxix-xxx)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxxi-xxxviii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-22)

    The origins of this study lie in an attempt to answer a rather straight-forward, but thus far largely unanswered, question: What can the U.S. military learn from other militaries about how better to prepare for full-spectrum operations and deployments? To this end, RAND was asked by the O ce of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for Personnel and Readiness to examine the militaries of China, France, the UK, India, and Israel.

    The challenges the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) faces now and will face in the future will require the department to maintain capabilities to conduct the full range of...

  10. CHAPTER TWO China
    (pp. 23-58)

    China’s military has been engaged in a rapid transformation over the past decade. The emphasis of China’s military planning has shifted from low-tech “people’s war” to “informationized” local wars. The official Chinese defense budget quadrupled in real terms between 1996 and 2007; the size of the military decreased by nearly a quarter; and the equipment the military employs, which used to consist of 1950s-era Soviet designs, now includes modern, domestically produced systems.

    The country’s military training is being transformed as well. Chinese military leaders and analysts have been closely studying the training methods of other countries and attempting to implement...

  11. CHAPTER THREE France
    (pp. 59-122)

    Surprising as it may seem, the French view the world in much the same way as the Americans do. They see a similar international environment in which the greatest threats to France are indirect and result from failed states and instability. The French state that these conditions lead to transnational terror and crime, which can either affect France’s vital interests or strike directly at France itself. France and the United States share similar objectives, including the development of a just and stable international order, protecting friends and allies, and maintaining influence on the world stage. This strategic outlook leads to...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR The United Kingdom
    (pp. 123-178)

    The UK has struggled over the past 25 years to balance the demands it places on its armed forces with the resources it has made available for readiness and operations. In part, this struggle has existed because the UK has chosen to participate with other countries and organizations in attempts to influence events around the world. There have been some notable occasions, however, when the actions of others have, in the minds of British decisionmakers, demanded a military response. During this time, the way in which the British armed forces prepare for and execute operations has evolved considerably; now, these...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE India
    (pp. 179-196)

    The key to understanding the Indian armed forces’ approach to training is their emphasis on schools. Indeed,trainingis virtually synonymous withschoolingin the lexicon of the Indian military. The training and recruitment chapter in the Indian Ministry of Defence’s 2006–2007Annual Reportis concerned almost exclusively with the armed forces’ various academies, schools, and colleges. There is a course for virtually every significant position an officer might occupy. Preoperational training, which is a fairly high priority for the Indian armed forces, usually consists of a unit cadre attending a school of one sort or another. During Indian...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Israel
    (pp. 197-232)

    Israel faces more immediate and serious threats to its security than the other states considered in this monograph. It is small, both in terms of land mass and population, relative to its adversaries. It shares borders with openly hostile states and is situated among a number of countries that refuse to acknowledge it as a state. In addition, several nonstate adversaries have the ability to attack Israeli citizens.

    Israel also differs from the other countries we assessed in that it has recently faced a direct threat to its security and achieved less-than-ideal results. In summer 2006, Israel confronted Hezbollah in...

  15. CHAPTER SEVEN Conclusions
    (pp. 233-256)

    This concluding chapter discusses what we learned from our assessments of the armed forces of China, France, the UK, India, and Israel. We begin with several overarching generalizations and then present specific observations in the areas of training, adaptability, and TAA.

    Not surprisingly, the training and organizing approaches of the armed forces of China, France, the UK, India, and Israel reflect the demands placed on them by their specific strategic environments. This chapter focuses on identifying areas in which these countries employ different approaches to readiness and operational issues that may offer potential benefits to the U.S. system.

    One Principal...

  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 257-276)