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Security in Mexico

Security in Mexico: Implications for U.S. Policy Options

Agnes Gereben Schaefer
Benjamin Bahney
K. Jack Riley
Copyright Date: 2009
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 106
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  • Book Info
    Security in Mexico
    Book Description:

    The security situation in Mexico has deteriorated in recent years. To help inform debate on the future of U.S.-Mexico relations, this study examined a set of U.S. policy options and potential policy priorities that hold promise for Mexico?s security.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4735-9
    Subjects: Law, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xxiv)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxvii-xxviii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-12)

    In response to a deteriorating security environment in Mexico, the governments of both Mexico and the United States are searching for policy options to improve internal security in Mexico and reduce violence along the U.S.-Mexico border. This study assessed the security situation in Mexico and its impact on the United States. Drawing from the study’s findings, this monograph outlines a range of policy options that the U.S. government can use to assist the Mexican government in improving Mexico’s internal security. Its release is particularly timely because the new U.S. administration will need to address the security situation in Mexico and...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Assessment of the Current Security Situation in Mexico
    (pp. 13-30)

    This chapter provides an overview of Mexico’s security structure, focusing on the structure of the federal security apparatus, the scale of the policing effort in Mexico, and the tension among federal, state, and local security forces in Mexico. Next, it examines three U.S. priority areas (organized crime, including drug trafficking and arms trafficking; illegal migration and human trafficking; and terrorism and rebel insurgencies). The chapter concludes by examining the increase in crime and violence in Mexico, a major concern at the local level but one that is not a focus of U.S. aid to Mexico.

    Since its first opposition president...

  11. CHAPTER THREE The Mexican Governmentʹs Response
    (pp. 31-44)

    This chapter examines how the Mexican government has responded to the deteriorating security situation in Mexico and what actions it has taken at the federal, state, and local levels. Here, we pay particular attention to the Mexican government’s actions to address the three U.S. priority areas: organized crime (including drug trafficking and arms trafficking), illegal migration and human trafficking, and terrorism and rebel insurgencies.

    Both President Fox’s and President Calderón’s responses to the deteriorating security situation in Mexico have focused on the federal level. During his presidency, Fox increased the role of the military in countertrafficking and preventing organized crime...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Impact on the United States and the U.S. Governmentʹs Response
    (pp. 45-56)

    Clearly, the United States is concerned about the deteriorating security situation in Mexico. Violence on the southwestern border continues to spill over into the United States, and crime and violence in Mexico feed into crime and violence in the United States. The current spike in violence in Mexico and the recent change in U.S. administration provide an opportunity for the United States to reevaluate its current strategy for providing aid to Mexico. This chapter discusses some of the most immediate impacts of security issues in Mexico on the United States and provides a brief overview of U.S. aid to Mexico....

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Conclusions and Recommendations
    (pp. 57-68)

    The events of the past two years have proven to be a mammoth test for Mexico’s national security structure. Mexico has not had a cohesive security strategy since President Fox came to office in 2000. The lack of a cohesive security strategy has led to shifting responsibilities, the duplication of services in a number of agencies, and general instability in Mexico’s security structure. Ambiguous and overlapping responsibilities have created gaps (and often tensions) among federal, state, and local security forces. This situation has resulted in the Mexican military becoming more involved in internal security issues than is the case with...

  14. References
    (pp. 69-78)