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The Global Technology Revolution

The Global Technology Revolution: Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015

Philip S. Antón
Richard Silberglitt
James Schneider
Copyright Date: 2001
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 94
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  • Book Info
    The Global Technology Revolution
    Book Description:

    Beyond the agricultural and industrial revolutions of the past, a globaltechnology revolution is currently changing the world. This book discussesthe broad, multidisciplinary, and synergistic trends in this revolution,including genomics, cloning, biomedical engineering, smart materials, agilemanufacturing, nanofabricated computation devices, and integratedmicrosystems. The revolution's effects on human health may be the most startling as breakthroughs improve both the quality and length of human life.Biotechnology will also enable us to identify, understand, manipulate,improve, and control living organisms (including ourselves). Informationtechnology is already revolutionizing our lives, especially in the developedworld, and is a major enabler of other trends. Materials technology willproduce products, components, and systems that are smaller, smarter,multi-functional, environmentally compatible, more survivable, andcustomizable. In addition, smart materials, agile manufacturing, andnanotechnology will change the way we produce devices and improve theircapabilities. The technology revolution will not be uniform in its effectacross the globe but will play out differently depending on its acceptance,investment, and a variety of issues such as bioethics, privacy, economicdisparity, cultural invasion, and social reactions. There will be no turningback, however, since some societies will avail themselves of the revolution,and globalization will thus change the environment in which each societylives.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-3247-8
    Subjects: Technology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
    (pp. xi-xx)
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  9. Chapter One INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 1-4)

    A number of significant technology-related trends appear poised to have major global effects by 2015. These trends are being influenced by advances in biotechnology, nanotechnology,¹ materials technology, and information technology. This report presents a concise foresight² of these global trends and potential implications for 2015 within and among the first three technological areas as well as their intersection and cross-fertilization with information technology. This foresight activity considered potential scientific and technical advances, enabled applications, potential barriers, and global implications. These implications are varied and can include social, political, economic, environmental, or other factors. In many cases, the significance of these...

    (pp. 5-32)

    By 2015, biotechnology will likely continue to improve and apply its ability to profile, copy, and manipulate the genetic basis of both plants and animal organisms, opening wide opportunities and implications for understanding existing organisms and engineering organisms with new properties. Research is even under way to create new free-living organisms, initially microbes with a minimal genome (Cho et al., 1999; Hutchinson et al., 1999 [79, 80]).

    DNA analysis machines and chip-based systems will likely accelerate the proliferation of genetic analysis capabilities, improve drug search, and enable biological sensors.

    The genomes of plants (ranging from important food crops such as...

  11. Chapter Three DISCUSSION
    (pp. 33-52)

    Impossible though it is to predict the future, technology trends give some indication of what we might anticipate based on current movements and progress. As discussed, the progress and effect of these trends will be modulated by enablers and barriers. Furthermore, these trends could have various effects on the world. Figures 3.1, 3.2, and 3.3 tie these components together for three trends: genetically modified foods, smart materials, and nanotechnology.

    Figure 3.1 shows the range of potential paths that genetically modified foods might take by 2015 along with enablers, barriers, and effects. Investments and genome decoding are fueling the ability to...

    (pp. 53-70)