Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Adaptive Governance

Adaptive Governance: Integrating Science, Policy, and Decision Making

Ronald D. Brunner
Toddi A. Steelman
Lindy Coe-Juell
Christina M. Cromley
Christine M. Edwards
Donna W. Tucker
Copyright Date: 2005
Pages: 368
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Adaptive Governance
    Book Description:

    Drawing on five detailed case studies from the American West, the authors explore and clarify how to expedite a transition toward adaptive governance and break the gridlock in natural resource policymaking. Unlike scientific management, which relies on science as the foundation for policies made through a central bureaucratic authority, adaptive governance integrates various types of knowledge and organizations. Adaptive governance relies on open decision-making processes recognizing multiple interests, community-based initiatives, and an integrative science in addition to traditional science.

    Case studies discussed include a program to protect endangered fish in the Colorado River with the active participation of water developers and environmentalists; a district ranger's innovative plan to manage national forestland in northern New Mexico; and how community-based forestry groups are affecting legislative change in Washington, D.C.

    eISBN: 978-0-231-50987-9
    Subjects: Environmental Science, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-xiv)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xviii)
  5. 1. Beyond Scientific Management
    (pp. 1-46)

    ON INDEPENDENCE DAY, July 4, 2001 in Klamath Falls, Oregon, farmers and their supporters used acetylene torches and crowbars to open the headgates of an irrigation canal owned and operated by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. About a hundred like-minded demonstrators rallied around them. Some protested the bureau’s closing of the gates 3 months earlier, shutting off irrigation water in the midst of drought. One carried a sign asking the bureau, “How can you destroy my future?” Others linked arms to block the view. But it was no secret who was involved in trespassing and vandalism on federal property. Their...

  6. 2. The 15-Mile Reach: Let the Fish Tell Us
    (pp. 47-90)

    ON DECEMBER 12, 1994, the Ute Conservancy District, a municipal water provider in the Grand Valley of western Colorado, applied to the Bureau of Land Management for a permit to enlarge its raw water pipeline. The request triggered federal involvement by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) because the project would affect four species of endangered fishes managed by a recovery program in the Upper Colorado River Basin. In response to this request, the FWS flexed its regulatory muscles. It included the Ute Conservancy District’s historic water use, not just the water involved...

  7. 3. The Camino Real: To Care for the Land and Serve the People
    (pp. 91-130)

    ONE DAY IN 1991 Crockett Dumas wore his uniform to work as the district ranger for the Camino Real Ranger District (CRRD) of the Carson National Forest in northern New Mexico. But some Native Americans at a nearby Picuris Pueblo told him they did not appreciate the uniform. Shortly after that, Dumas had an epiphany and switched permanently to jeans. According to a colleague, Carveth Kramer, “It was like Crockett was struck by lighting one day while riding his horse.” As Dumas himself later explained, he suddenly understood that “you don’t get power from a green Forest Service truck, badge...

  8. 4. Grassbanks: Diffusion and Adaptation from the Radical Center
    (pp. 131-180)

    DESPITE PERSISTENT CONTROVERSIES over grazing practices in the American West, representatives of groups that often are polarized came together for a conference on “Grassbanks in the West: Challenges and Opportunities” on a rainy day in November 2000 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Nearly two hundred ranchers, environmentalists, scientists, public land managers, and other government officials from eight western states were interested in learning more about the possibility of adapting a recent policy innovation, the grassbank, in their own communities. At the two-day conference they heard first hand from pioneers of the original Gray Ranch GrassbankTM,¹ set up in 1994 in...

  9. 5. The Oregon Plan: A New Way of Doing Business
    (pp. 181-220)

    IN 1992, BARBARA ROBERTS, then governor of Oregon, brought together fishers, timber owners, biologists, farmers, and bureaucrats to consider how to reverse the declines of coastal salmon. Out of that meeting came a focus on coho salmon restoration through voluntary local watershed groups funded by a patchwork of state and federal grants. Formerly unemployed fishers were soon restoring habitat for runs o f coastal fish that once provided their livelihoods. Mary Lou Soscia, manager of this state Watershed Health Program, understood its significance: “The old way of doing business was that people at offices wrote plans and said, ‘This is...

  10. 6. Community-Based Forestry Goes to Washington
    (pp. 221-267)

    ON June 24, 2002, senators Bingaman (D–N.M.) and Craig (R-Idaho) introduced the Community Based Forest and Public Lands Restoration Act (S. 2672). The cosponsors were senators Cantwell (D–Wash.), Domenici (R–N.M.), Feinstein (D–Calif.), Murray (D–Wash.), Smith (D–Ore.), and Wyden (D–Ore.). The bill directs the Agriculture and Interior departments to invest in ecosystem restoration and maintenance activities using community-based approaches. At a June 2002 hearing on the bill, Senator Bingaman explained that over the past several years, “two important facts [have become] clear. First, forests and adjacent communities depend on one another for their long-term...

  11. 7. Toward Adaptive Governance
    (pp. 268-304)

    THE PREVIOUS CHAPTERS have focused on clarifying and illustrating the emergence of adaptive governance in various forms and in various places: the 15-Mile Reach of the Colorado River in western Colorado, the Camino Real in northern New Mexico, the diffusion and adaptation of grassbanks across the American West, the Oregon Plan to recover salmon at the watershed level, and legislation in the nation’s capitol to support community-based forestry. Here we turn from past experience in these and other relevant cases to future possibilities for natural resource policy, including the possibility of major reforms. The future cannot be predicted with confidence,...

  12. Index
    (pp. 305-326)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 327-327)