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Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010

Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010: Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Eastern Siberia

Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 352
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  • Book Info
    Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010
    Book Description:

    Four hundred years ago, indigenous peoples occupied the vast region that today encompasses Korea, Manchuria, the Mongolian Plateau, and Eastern Siberia. Over time, these populations struggled to maintain autonomy as Russia, China, and Japan sought hegemony over the region. Especially from the turn of the twentieth century onward, indigenous peoples pursued self-determination in a number of ways, and new states, many of them now largely forgotten, rose and fell as great power imperialism, indigenous nationalism, and modern ideologies competed for dominance.

    This atlas tracks the political configuration of Northeast Asia in ten-year segments from 1590 to 1890, in five-year segments from 1890 to 1960, and in ten-year segments from 1960 to 2010, delineating the distinct history and importance of the region. The text follows the rise and fall of the Qing dynasty in China, founded by the semi-nomadic Manchus; the Russian colonization of Siberia; the growth of Japanese influence; the movements of peoples, armies, and borders; and political, social, and economic developments -- reflecting the turbulence of the land that was once the world's "cradle of conflict." Compiled from detailed research in English, Chinese, Japanese, French, Dutch, German, Mongolian, and Russian sources, theHistorical Atlas of Northeast Asiaincorporates information made public with the fall of the Soviet Union and includes fifty-five specially drawn maps, as well as twenty historical maps contrasting local and outsider perspectives. Four introductory maps survey the region's diverse topography, climate, vegetation, and ethnicity.

    eISBN: 978-0-231-53716-2
    Subjects: Geography, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
    (pp. xv-1)
    (pp. 2-20)

    The term “Northeast Asia” is relatively new. It was introduced into academic discourse in the 1930s by the American historian and political scientist Robert Kerner, who taught at the University of California. Kerner’s “Northeast Asia” comprised the Korean Peninsula, the Manchurian Plain, the Mongolian Plateau, and the mountainous regions of Eastern Siberia, stretching from Lake Baikal to the Pacific Ocean.¹ At the time Kerner was writing, the whole of this region was, or had recently been, contested by three great powers: China, Russia, and Japan.²

    In identifying the northeastern part of the Asian continent as a region warranting attention in...

  8. PART I 1590–1700
    (pp. 21-64)

    IN 1592, THE JAPANESE MILITARY RULER Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who had recently brought peace to Japan after the Warring States period, ambitiously planned to conquer the Asian mainland and displace the Ming rulers of China. Japanese troops landed in Busan and soon overwhelmed the whole of Joseon, except for Jeolla. The Joseon rulers, influenced by Neo-Confucian emphasis on good governance, had allowed the army to deteriorate, and Joseon was poorly prepared to resist the Japanese. At sea, though, the Joseon admiral Yi Sunshin had ironclad “turtle ships” built, and he defeated Japanese forces in several battles off the southern coast, especially...

  9. PART II 1700–1800
    (pp. 65-106)

    FROM ABOUT 1700, the Manchus began to establish closer control over Heilongjiang. They posted military garrisons to Ilan Hala, Alachuke, and Hulan and began to organize the local communities of the Nonni River valley into banners, known as Butha Banners, under the military governor of Cicigar. Each banner was responsible for delivering a specified tribute and for guarding specified territory. In this way, the northern Manchurian peoples came under a territorial system similar to that which had earlier been imposed on the Mongols.¹ In 1709, the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1663–1722) sent three Jesuits on a surveying mission along the...

  10. PART III 1800–1900
    (pp. 107-150)

    EARLY IN THE REIGN OF KING SUNJO (r. 1800–1834), Roman Catholic influence in Joseon was largely purged; the Namin faction was destroyed, and 300 converts were executed in 1801. During this purge, a Catholic convert wrote to a French bishop in Beijing, pleading for foreign intervention to protect freedom of religion. The letter was intercepted and read as a sign of Catholic disloyalty, leading to still harsher purges.¹

    Although the Qing authorities maintained the general ban on Chinese cultivation of Mongol land, the rule was repeatedly relaxed on a local basis. In 1802, the Bowang Banner in Inner Mongolia...

  11. PART IV 1900–2010
    (pp. 151-231)

    SOME KOREAN INTELLECTUALS, pondering the prospects for reviving their country’s fortunes, imagined that it could achieve greatness by recovering the Manchurian lands that had been ruled by the Korean kingdom of Koguryo.¹ This ambition was encouraged by the fact that the Qing were no longer a great power. In 1900, officials of Daehan and Russia made a secret agreement to rule Gando together. According to the agreement, both Russians and Koreans could settle there, and the governor would be elected from among Korean residents and Russians who had lived there for more than two years. Russia and Daehan would guarantee...

    (pp. 232-271)
    (pp. 272-302)
    (pp. 303-316)
    (pp. 317-320)
  16. INDEX
    (pp. 321-336)