Philosophical arguments for and against the existence of God
have been crucial to Euro-American and South Asian philosophers for
over a millennium. Critical to the history of philosophy in India,
were the centuries-long arguments between Buddhist and Hindu
philosophers about the existence of a God-like being called Isvara
and the religious epistemology used to support them. By focusing on
the work of Ratnakirti, one of the last great Buddhist philosophers
of India, and his arguments against his Hindu opponents, Parimal G.
Patil illuminates South Asian intellectual practices and the nature
of philosophy during the final phase of Buddhism in India.
Based at the famous university of Vikramasila, Ratnakirti
brought the full range of Buddhist philosophical resources to bear
on his critique of his Hindu opponents' cosmological/design
argument. At stake in his critique was nothing less than the nature
of inferential reasoning, the metaphysics of epistemology, and the
relevance of philosophy to the practice of religion. In developing
a proper comparative approach to the philosophy of religion, Patil
transcends the disciplinary boundaries of religious studies,
philosophy, and South Asian studies and applies the remarkable work
of philosophers like Ratnakirti to contemporary issues in
philosophy and religion.
Subjects: Philosophy, History, Religion
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