The issues that dominate U.S.-Mexico border relations
today-integration of economies, policing of boundaries, and the
flow of workers from south to north and of capital from north to
south-are not recent developments. In this insightful history of
the state of Nuevo León, Juan Mora-Torres explores how these
processes transformed northern Mexico into a region with distinct
economic, political, social, and cultural features that set it
apart from the interior of Mexico.
Mora-Torres argues that the years between the establishment of
the U.S.-Mexico boundary in 1848 and the outbreak of the Mexican
Revolution in 1910 constitute a critical period in Mexican history.
The processes of state-building, emergent capitalism, and growing
linkages to the United States transformed localities and identities
and shaped class formations and struggles in Nuevo León. Monterrey
emerged as the leading industrial center and home of the most
powerful business elite, while the countryside deteriorated
economically, politically, and demographically. By 1910,
Mora-Torres concludes, the border states had already assumed much
of their modern character: an advanced capitalist economy, some of
Mexico's most powerful business groups, and a labor market
dependent on massive migrations from central Mexico.
Subjects: History, Business
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