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Black-Brown Relations and Stereotypes

Tatcho Mindiola
Yolanda Flores Niemann
Nestor Rodriguez
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  • Book Info
    Black-Brown Relations and Stereotypes
    Book Description:

    Race relations in twenty-first-century America will not be just a black-and-white issue. The 2000 census revealed that Hispanics already slightly outnumber African Americans as the largest ethnic group, while together Blacks and Hispanics constitute the majority population in the five largest U.S. cities. Given these facts, black-brown relations could be a more significant racial issue in the decades to come than relations between minority groups and Whites.

    Offering some of the first in-depth analyses of how African Americans and Hispanics perceive and interact with each other, this pathfinding study looks at black-brown relations in Houston, Texas, one of the largest U.S. cities with a majority ethnic population and one in which Hispanics outnumber African Americans. Drawing on the results of several sociological studies, the authors focus on four key issues: how each group forms and maintains stereotypes of the other, areas in which the two groups conflict and disagree, the crucial role of women in shaping their communities' racial attitudes, and areas in which Hispanics and African Americans agree and can cooperate to achieve greater political power and social justice.

    eISBN: 978-0-292-79853-3
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vii)
  3. List of Tables
    (pp. viii-x)
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  5. Chapter 1 Emerging Relations between African Americans and Hispanics
    (pp. 1-18)

    African Americans and Hispanics have co-resided in the United States for more than one hundred fifty years, so why have relations between these two populations become a salient topic at the beginning of the twenty-first century? There are several answers to this question. First, by the end of the twentieth century the two populations formed majorities in the largest U.S. urban centers. And the 2000 census showed that together these two groups of color outnumbered non-Hispanic Whites in the largest five U.S. cities (see table I.I). This had never happened before in U.S. history. Second, there is a greater presence...

  6. Chapter 2 Stereotypes and Their Implications for Intergroup Relations
    (pp. 19-42)

    Stereotypes are pictures in our heads about a category of people (Lippmann 1922).More specifically, stereotypes are positive or negative sets of beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a group. These beliefs vary in their accuracy. For example, a common stereotype about Hispanics is that they are uneducated. Indeed, only about II percent of Hispanics over twenty-five years of age have college degrees, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. In the Black-Brown survey sample, the median educational level of Hispanics is ten years compared to twelve years for African Americans. In general, the educational attainment level of Hispanics...

  7. Chapter 3 Areas of Disagreement
    (pp. 43-66)

    Disagreements between ethnic groups in the United States are not unknown. There has been conflict between Scots and Irish and Germans and Italians and between Whites and most people of color. Disagreements also exist between Blacks and Jews, Asians and Blacks, and, as this chapter illustrates, between Hispanics and Blacks.

    Our discussion in this chapter is drawn from the Black-Brown survey conducted in Houston in 1996 and from interviews carried out over the past ten years among African Americans and Hispanics in Houston. The interviews highlight some major findings of the survey and allow the participants to speak for themselves....

  8. Chapter 4 Women’s Perceptions of Black-Brown Relations: A Contextual Approach
    (pp. 67-94)

    Black and Hispanic women hold more hostile attitudes toward each other’s groups than do their male counterparts. This finding in our preliminary analyses took us by surprise.We had set out to examine relations between the two largest ethnic-racial minority groups in theUnited States, not expecting that our findings would be gender-driven.We conducted confirmatory analyses and speculated about how to best understand this conclusion. Here we discuss our findings from data-driven and conceptual, analytic approaches.We employ a feminist perspective to speculate about the foundations of women’s relatively more negative attitudes, compared to men.¹

    It is fair to say we were surprised...

  9. Chapter 5 Areas of Agreement
    (pp. 95-110)

    As in all social relationships, there are issues that provoke disagreement and issues on which there is consensus. Conflict can be so severe that it prevents relationships from continuing or even forming. Fortunately, this is not the situation for Hispanics and African Americans in Houston.

    There are many similarities between Hispanics and African Americans that can and do serve as a basis not only for consensus but also for cooperation and coalition building. Mexican Americans and African Americans became residents in the United States through force. Both groups are physically and culturally different from Anglo-Americans. Both groups have experienced and...

  10. Chapter 6 Prospects for Black-Brown Relations
    (pp. 111-132)

    What it’s going to take basically is some educated people to take some people who are not so stereotypical or have so many bad perceptions of each culture. You have to get people in there [politics] who actually want to work together, but I think it will work. It’s going to take some people who have a similar vision and people who are willing to sit down and talk, which is not happening right now. Everybody’s out for their own stuff right now.

    The 2000 U.S. Census showed that the projected population growth of Hispanics to a number greater than...

    (pp. 133-144)
  12. INDEX
    (pp. 145-149)