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The Rise of Universities

The Rise of Universities

Charles Homer Haskins
Copyright Date: 1957
Published by: Cornell University Press
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  • Book Info
    The Rise of Universities
    Book Description:

    The origin and nature of the earliest universities are the subjects of this famous and witty set of lectures by the man whom eminent scholars have called "without exaggeration . . . the soul of the renascence of medieval studies in the United States." Great as the differences are between the earliest universities and those of today, the fact remains, says Professor Haskins, the "the university of the twentieth century is the lineal descendant of medieval Paris and Bologna." In demonstrating this fact, he brings to life the institutions, instruction, professors, and students of the Middle Ages.

    eISBN: 978-0-8014-7008-0
    Subjects: History, Education

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
    (pp. v-x)
    Theodor E. Mommsen
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xii)
    (pp. 1-26)

    Universities, like cathedrals and parliaments, are a product of the Middle Ages. The Greeks and the Romans, strange as it may seem, had no universities in the sense in which the word has been used for the past seven or eight centuries. They had higher education, but the terms are not synonymous. Much of their instruction in law, rhetoric, and philosophy it would be hard to surpass, but it was not organized into the form of permanent institutions of learning. A great teacher like Socrates gave no diplomas; if a modern student sat at his feet for three months, he...

    (pp. 27-58)

    In the last lecture we considered the mediaeval university as an institution. We come now to examine it as an intellectual centre. This involves some account of its course of study, its methods of teaching, and the status and freedom of its teachers. The element of continuity, so clear in institutions, is often less evident in the content of learning, but even here the thread is unbroken, the contrast with modern conditions less sharp than is often supposed.

    The basis of education in the early Middle Ages consisted, as we have seen, of the so-called seven liberal arts. Three of...

    (pp. 59-94)

    “A University,” it has more than once been remarked by professors, “would be a very comfortable place were it not for the students.” So far we have been considering universities from the point of view of professors; it is now the turn of the students, for whether these be regarded as a necessary evil or as the main reason for the university's existence, they certainly cannot be ignored. A mediaeval university was no regiment of colonels but “a society of mastersand scholars,” and to this second and more numerous element we must now direct our attention.

    The mediaeval student...

    (pp. 95-104)
  8. INDEX
    (pp. 105-108)