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Ideology, Politics, and Diplomacy in East Central Europe

Ideology, Politics, and Diplomacy in East Central Europe

Edited by M. B. B. Biskupski
Copyright Date: 2003
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 248
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  • Book Info
    Ideology, Politics, and Diplomacy in East Central Europe
    Book Description:

    No region of the world has been more affected by the various movements of the twentieth century than East Central Europe. Broadly defined as comprising the historic territories of the Czechs, Hungarians, Poles, and Slovaks, East Central Europe has been shaped by the interaction of politics, ideology, and diplomacy, especially by the policies of the Great Powers towards the east of Europe. This book addresses Czech politics in Moravia and Czech politics in Bohemia in the nineteenth century, the international politics of relief during World War I, the Morgenthau Mission and the Polish Pogroms of 1919, the Hitler-Stalin Pact and its influence on Poland in 1939, Hungarian-Americans during World War II, and Polish-East German relations after World War II. Contributors: Bruce Garver, M. B. B. Biskupski, Neal Pease, William L. Blackwood, Anna M. Cienciala, Steven Bela Vardy, and Douglas Selvage. M. B. B. Biskupski is Professor of History at Central Connecticut State University.

    eISBN: 978-1-58046-673-8
    Subjects: History, Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    M. B. B. Biskupski
  4. Tabula Honoraria
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Piotr Wandycz
    (pp. xi-xii)
    Bernard Michel
  6. Piotr Wandycz: An Appreciation
    (pp. xiii-xx)
    Antony Polonsky
  7. Chapter 1 A Comparison of Czech Politics in Bohemia with Czech Politics in Moravia, 1860–1914
    (pp. 1-30)
    Bruce M. Garver

    During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Czech political parties and programs in Moravia developed in many respects differently from those in Bohemia, despite much similarity in the objectives and tactics of like-minded parties in both of these Habsburg crown lands. This essay is based on two premises: first, that these differences partially reflect the somewhat dissimilar histories, economies, religious traditions, and popular cultures of the two largest Czech crown lands, and second, that a critical comparison of the same differences will facilitate historians’ efforts to understand the making of the modern Czech nation.

    Most histories of the Czech...

  8. Chapter 2 Strategy, Politics, and Suffering: The Wartime Relief of Belgium, Serbia, and Poland, 1914–1918
    (pp. 31-57)
    M. B. B. Biskupski

    The history of the First World War presents a striking discrepancy between the magnitude, degree, and duration of suffering of European populations and the extent to which this suffering was addressed. Belgium, which sustained relatively few casualties and whose civilian population knew only brief privation, received enormous aid from both its allies and from such neutrals as the United States. By comparison, both Serbia and Poland, which endured years of the most abject misery and lost substantial portions of their population to hunger, exposure, and disease, received scant outside aid during the war. The relief of Belgium was not repeated...

  9. Chapter 3 “This Troublesome Question”: The United States and the “Polish Pogroms” of 1918–1919
    (pp. 58-79)
    Neal Pease

    In these eight laconic sentences, composed some thirty years after the fact, Herbert Hoover summarized his part in an episode that involved him as director of the American Relief Administration activities in Eastern Europe after the First World War. However, Hoover’s memoirs had much ground to cover regarding his busy career, and his account of this incident is considerably condensed, to say the least. In fact, the so-called Piñsk massacre of April 1919 was but one, albeit the most sensational, of numerous outrages reportedly inflicted upon Jews within Poland since the previous November, the month of the restoration of Polish...

  10. Chapter 4 The Socialist Imprint on International Relations in Interwar Europe
    (pp. 80-119)
    William L. Blackwood

    In the middle of October 1925, the world’s attention abruptly turned to the town of Locarno, a small resort off the beaten track in southeastern Switzerland. The foreign ministers of the major states of Europe had selected this unlikely spot to finalize an agreement on Germany’s borders. The fact that it took place in an obscure venue with limited hotel space and inadequate telephone connections did not prevent the Locarno conference, and the pact it produced, from becoming the media sensation of the year in international affairs. Overnight, a glamorous political counterpart was born to the notably less-hyped Dawes Plan...

  11. Chapter 5 Hungarian Americans during World War II: Their Role in Defending Hungary’s Interests
    (pp. 120-146)
    Steven Béla Várdy

    The “great economic emigration” from Hungary and East Central Europe lasted from the 1880s until World War I. It transferred nearly two million Hungarian citizens, among them about 650,000 Magyars, to the United States. The large majority of these immigrants were young working-age men who came as temporary “guest workers.” They hoped to make enough money during their short stay so that upon their repatriation they would be able to improve their lives and rise to a higher social status in their native country. Many of them did repatriate, a number of them—like birds of passage—several times over...

  12. Chapter 6 The Nazi-Soviet Pact of August 23, 1939: When Did Stalin Decide to Align with Hitler, and Was Poland the Culprit?
    (pp. 147-226)
    Anna M. Cienciala

    The official reason given by the Soviet government for the failure of Anglo-French-Soviet negotiations for a military and political alliance in late August 1939, was the refusal of Poland and Romania to allow the passage of Soviet troops through their territories in the event of a German attack on those countries. Soviet historians upheld that view, especially blaming Poland, but also accusing the Western powers of planning to set Germany against the USSR, and claiming that this situation gave Stalin no choice but to conclude a pact with Hitler.¹ Although microfilm copies of the secret protocol to the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression...

  13. Chapter 7 Poland, the GDR, and the “Ulbricht Doctrine”
    (pp. 227-241)
    Douglas Selvage

    Most of the existing scholarship on the cold war in Europe during the 1960s posits the existence of an “Ulbricht Doctrine”: an East German dictate, forced upon the other Warsaw Pact states, not to establish diplomatic relations with Bonn until it first recognized the GDR. Most accounts date the “Ulbricht Doctrine” back to the meeting in February 1967 of the Warsaw Pact foreign ministers in Warsaw.² The term itself originated in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), where analysts began to suggest in early 1967 that at the very moment when Bonn was ready to drop (or at least revise)...

  14. Writings of Piotr S. Wandycz
    (pp. 242-259)
  15. Contributors
    (pp. 260-261)
  16. INDEX
    (pp. 262-272)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 273-273)