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Globalization and Sustainable Development in Africa

Globalization and Sustainable Development in Africa

Bessie House-Soremekun
Toyin Falola
Volume: 51
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 488
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  • Book Info
    Globalization and Sustainable Development in Africa
    Book Description:

    Few studies of globalization have analyzed its impact on African societies from the viewpoint of sustainable development. This volume answers that need. The essays here contribute to the store of knowledge about globalization in sub-Saharan Africa by documenting the effect of this global force on the continent's growth-economic, political, and cultural. This interdisciplinary collection provides comprehensive analyses-at the international, national, and local levels-of the theoretical issues revolving around the complex process of globalization, while offering detailed examinations of new models of economic development that can be implemented in sub-Saharan Africa to enhance economic growth, self-sufficiency, and sustainable development. These models are accessible to politicians, public policy analysts, scholars, students, international organizations, nongovernmental actors, and members of the public at large. Finally, the essays here provide insightful case studies of African countries that already demonstrate creative, indigenous-based models of entrepreneurship and discuss efforts to achieve sustainable development and economic independence at the grassroots level. Contributors represent the disciplines of law, history, political science, economics, sociology, anthropology, business and management, African studies and art history, criminal justice, and education. Bessie House-Soremekun is the Public Scholar in African American Studies, Civic Engagement, and Entrepreneurship, Professor of Political Science and Professor of Africana Studies at Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis. Toyin Falola is the Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin.

    eISBN: 978-1-58046-738-4
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-xvi)
    Bessie House-Soremekun and Toyin Falola
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  5. Introduction: Africana in the Margins
    (pp. 1-18)
    Toyin Falola and Bessie House-Soremekun

    This particular moment in history is perfectly easy to interpret. Globalization presents Africa and black people as marginal: globalizing economies seek resources from every corner of the world, and globalized economies reap considerable benefits from their economic and political dominance. The “wealth of nations,” to borrow the title of Adam Smith’s famous book, is used not only to develop the resources within the boundaries of nation-states but also to tap into the resources of other countries. Africa has given to the outside world more than it has received in return, creating the basis to talk about the poverty of nations....

  6. Part One: Globalization and Development

    • 1 The Trouble with Globalization: It Isn’t Global Enough!
      (pp. 21-42)
      Martin C. Spechler

      Despite the current world economic slump, the most important international process of the last decades has been globalization—growth of international trade and the spread of the most advanced technology, of world cultures both secular and religious, and the proliferation of nongovernmental organizations. Increasing international cooperation is managed by such organizations as the United Nations, World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. Hardly any society on earth is untouched by globalization, although the present world recession has stalled and even temporarily reversed some aspects of it. But the process is too diverse and deeply entrenched to be turned back. According...

    • 2 Can Africa Compete in a Global Economy?
      (pp. 43-68)
      Baiyee-Mbi Agbor-Baiyee

      Since their independence, the countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) continue to face severe social, political, and economic developmental problems, notwithstanding the abundance of natural resources in the region. While some SSA countries are making significant progress toward socioeconomic development, the antecedents of underdevelopment are widespread even in the successful ones. It is not a stretch to characterize any of these nations as a microcosm of regionwide experiences, opportunities, and challenges. Accordingly, postindependence sub-Saharan Africa can best be described as a region overburdened with multifaceted, causally related precursors of underdevelopment. These factors include but are not limited to the following:


    • 3 A Two-Track Strategy for Viable Development in Africa
      (pp. 69-87)
      Benaiah Yongo-Bure

      Globalization is the process of achieving greater interdependence among countries and their citizens.¹ It consists of increased integration of product and resource markets across countries in trade, immigration, and foreign investment—that is, via the international flow of goods and services; of people; and of investments such as equipment, factories, stocks, and bonds. It also includes noneconomic elements such as culture and the environment. It is political, technological, and cultural, as well as economic.

      Globalization is not new. It is the intensification and deepening of the process of international interactions. The first and most profound influence or driving force of...

    • 4 Solutions to Africa’s Development Challenges
      (pp. 88-102)
      Stephen D. Kpinpuo

      Over the past few decades, the African continent has been described as being ruled by neopatrimonial regimes, a form of governance that seems not to be working for Africa.¹ Some scholars tend to attribute the ubiquitous incidence of poor governance and underdevelopment of the continent to neocolonial activities, which they claim emanate from the intervention of such development partners as the World Bank. These activities, they argue, come in the form of foreign aid that purports to assist Africa’s development efforts, but with conditionalities that are more detrimental than helpful to the African economy.² Yet, development partners are often criticized...

    • 5 Renewable Energy, Migration-Development Model, and Sustainability Entrepreneurship
      (pp. 103-122)
      Rubin Patterson

      In this chapter, I attempt to illustrate and examine a plausible development strategy for Africa with the novel integration of discrete literatures that have not received much scholarly articulation. These literatures focus on renewable energy, the migration-development model, and sustainability entrepreneurship. There are multiple reasons why the global economy needs to move from use of fossil fuels to embrace renewable energy sources, but the importance of this move is even greater for Africans. This chapter focuses on the innovation and commercialization of renewable energy sources in Africa as a strategic means of protecting the environment and transforming the economy. Since...

  7. Part Two: Localities, Nations, and Globalization

    • 6 Transborder Labor Liberalization and Social Contracts
      (pp. 125-148)
      Karen E. Bravo

      The transnational labor market is characterized by the illegality and temporariness that is assigned by states to mobile and would-be mobile human providers of labor. The globalized transnational economy demands and stimulates the movement of labor from one domestic economy to another. However, individual nation-states’ immigration laws that seek to barricade domestic markets from the entry of transborder labor suppliers and the near silence of multilateral trade law create obstacles to such movement.¹ The disjuncture and disequilibrium between international trade law and domestic immigration law foster illegal movement across borders and result in the vulnerability of human would-be mobile labor...

    • 7 Asante Society and the Global Market
      (pp. 149-174)
      Gracia Clark

      Among the many pleasures associated with working with the Asante, a West African ethnic group in the nation of Ghana, as I have since 1978, is the way they offer a contrary example to so many common assumptions about how human societies work. Their matrilineal kinship system still provides a strong contrast to models assuming paternal power, since the Asante nuclear family unit features brothers and sisters with their common mother. Duolocal marriage traditions keep many husbands and wives living separately today, and thus problematize abstract models of household income pooling in several ways. Asante exceptionalism, however, cannot resolve all...

    • 8 Enterprising Women in Zimbabwe: Confronting Crisis in a Globalizing Era
      (pp. 175-195)
      Mary J. Osirim

      Although not a new phenomenon on the world stage, globalization and its effects have become an increasingly important focus of study for social scientists over the past twenty-five years.¹ While initially thought of in primarily economic terms as referring to the emergence of a worldwide capitalist economic system that integrated markets and encouraged the free movement of goods, services, and corporations around the globe, in recent years it has taken on broader meaning in studies of politics, culture, and gender.² In its current iteration, globalization also refers to the movement of populations, organizations, and ideas across national boundaries, regions, and...

    • 9 Sustainable Strategies in a Postconflict Environment: Fostering Local Entrepreneurship in Côte d’Ivoire
      (pp. 196-210)
      Ulf Richter

      Private-sector logic and dynamics could become the single largest contribution to the accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals in Africa by 2015. Market-based solutions for poverty alleviation have attracted much positive attention and have been received both among academics and practitioners, paralleling the success of the systematic adoption of microfinance around the world.¹ Moreover, a favorable business climate can be considered both a comparative advantage and a key public good in emerging markets.² Following these arguments, development and human rights organizations have become increasingly receptive to the concept of private-sector strategies to improve the lives of the poor. However, it...

  8. Part Three: Industrial and Financial Networking

    • 10 Globalization and Monetary Convergence: Independent Currency Union or Dollarization?
      (pp. 213-232)
      Christopher E. S. Warburton

      This chapter investigates the prospects of setting up an independent currency union for West Africa. The prospects of such a union in Africa and Europe have been found to be contingent on internal reforms and convergence criteria. Using time series data from the World Bank for the period 2000–2006, this chapter shows that the much more globalized French-speaking countries have comparatively low rates of inflation, though some West African states collectively continue to have higher rates of inflation. The empirical evidence shows lack of beta and sigma convergence of inflation rates in states that are aspiring to form a...

    • 11 The Impact of Globalization on Emerging Markets: The Case of Côte d’Ivoire
      (pp. 233-256)
      Ulf Richter

      Globalization is changing the African political and economic landscape. The global resource and energy challenge for emerging economic powers has turned many African countries into desirable partners for investment in exchange for development cooperation and political partnerships.¹ Not only governments but also private equity funds explore new opportunities in Africa.² As former colonial powers gradually leave the field, space is opening up for new players in the global arena. New global rivalries, in particular between China and the United States, have not left Africans untouched.³ Conferences such as the China-Africa Business Summit in 2009 underscore the new importance that is...

    • 12 Globalization and Industrial Development in Nigeria
      (pp. 257-275)
      Kola Subair

      Globalization has been viewed as an instrument that accelerates economic growth, most especially among those countries that are technologically advanced. It can also aid a country as it makes the transition from a primarily extractive economy to one that has a significant manufacturing sector. This has not been the case with sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. They have been relegated to the background in the international arena. They could not even determine the prices of their primary commodities that earn them the largest percentage of their foreign exchange. These countries have also weakened their economies as they are constantly faced...

    • 13 Interest Rates, Fiscal Policy, and Foreign Private Investment in Nigeria
      (pp. 276-297)
      Iyiola Alade Ajayi and Adeyemi Babalola

      A fundamental requirement for economic development in any economy is an adequate rate of capital formation relative to that of population growth. Adequate capital formation is essential because it helps accomplish the following economic goals, among others: to build up capital equipment needed for purposes of development; to enhance capital progress, which in turn helps to ensure sustained production on a large scale; to ensure expansion of the market; to remove market imperfections by creating economic and social overhead capital; and to break the vicious circle of poverty from both the demand and the supply side.

      The process of capital...

    • 14 Why Nigeria Does Not Work: Obstacles and the Alternative Path to Development
      (pp. 298-324)
      Charles J. Mambula

      To its advocates, globalization is a “positive-sum game,” whereby every country is expected to benefit equally on a comparative basis, while pessimists see it as a “zero-sum game” that only exploits poorer countries for the benefit of the richer ones.¹ Both arguments seem to hold true with practical examples for each. African economies seem only to qualify as cheap sources of low-value-added raw materials for processing products in industrialized countries and end up becoming markets for finished products.² Due to the lack of a solid entrepreneurial and technological base to foster innovative and creative abilities, most African countries continue to...

  9. Part Four: Insecurity and Conflicts

    • 15 The Impact of Globalization on International Security
      (pp. 327-353)
      John Babatunde Bamidele Ojo

      Globalization involves a myriad of transnational processes which although are global in their scope but are distinct from one another. Through these processes, globalization generates systemic forces that affect all states. While it is beyond the scope of this study to address each process and issue in detail, we shall delve into some of those that are most pertinent to the complexity of international security in the contemporary world. This chapter examines military, economic, health, information technology, and cultural components of human security, as they interact with terrorism, all through the prism of globalization. While many students of international security...

    • 16 Resource Curse, Globalization, and Conflicts
      (pp. 354-376)
      Ricardo Real Pedrosa de Sousa

      Conflict is a malady that afflicts societies and individuals with incommensurable pain and stress. Over the last few decades, there has been an increased interest in understanding the mechanisms of conflict as a way to engage in preventive policy initiatives. Within this context, this chapter seeks to uncover the mechanisms associated with the initiation of conflict as identified in the literature. Contemporary academic writing associated with the term “resource curse” (which has been used to describe the failure of resource-rich countries to benefit from their natural wealth) and the “greed and grievance” model of conflict, significantly developed by the economist...

    • 17 The Politics of Oil and Development and Visual Metaphors of the Crisis in Nigeria’s Niger Delta
      (pp. 377-403)
      Aderonke Adesola Adesanya

      Nigeria’s Niger Delta is an engaging phenomenon in view of its history, complexities, paradoxes, and challenges. Although much has been discussed in the existing literature about the region, it has continued to generate fresh debates and new issues over the politics of representation, the politics of oil, and the appropriation of political space and control of conflict theaters by a select few. With this contextual background, in this chapter I examine the situation of Niger Delta women, especially the rural poor, and how their art mirrors this situation and the oil conflict in the region. I will structure my arguments...

    • 18 Islam and the “Global War on Terror” in West Africa
      (pp. 404-420)
      Abdoulaye Saine

      Both as a concept and a process, the term “globalization” is among the most hotly discussed and debated in the social sciences. It is often defined, generally, as involving an ever deepening and accelerating phenomenon in cross-border economic, political, and cultural relations that are made possible by innovations in technology. As a process, it is often perceived as the integration of all the above and characterized by intensified interactivity and interdependence. James Mittelman defines globalization as “the spatial reorganization of production, the interpenetration of industries across borders, the spread of financial markets, the diffusion of identical consumer goods to distant...

  10. Selected Bibliography
    (pp. 421-436)
  11. List of Contributors
    (pp. 437-444)
  12. Index
    (pp. 445-463)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 464-469)