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Conserving and Managing Ancient Monuments

Conserving and Managing Ancient Monuments: Heritage, Democracy, and Inclusion

Keith Emerick
Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 336
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  • Book Info
    Conserving and Managing Ancient Monuments
    Book Description:

    The origins and use of conservation principles and practice from the nineteenth century to the present day are charted in this volume. Written from the perspective of a practitioner, it examines the manner in which a single, dominant mode of conservation, which held sway for many decades, is now coming under pressure from a different and more democratic heritage management practice, favouring diversity, inclusion and difference.The author blends case studies from Ireland, Cyprus and England with examples from current practice, community heritage initiatives and political policy, highlighting the development and use of international charters and conventions. Central to the main argument of the book is that the sacred cows of conservation - antiquity, fabric and authenticity - have outlived their usefulness and need to be rethought. Dr Keith Emerick is an English Heritage Inspector of Ancient Monuments in York and North Yorkshire; he is also a Research Associate at the University of York.

    eISBN: 978-1-78204-266-2
    Subjects: Archaeology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. List of Illustrations
    (pp. vi-viii)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 1-12)

    What can the burial of a number of modern concrete slabs at Fountains Abbey World Heritage Site tell us about the manner in which cultural heritage management practice operates in England?

    Fountains Abbey is a ruined medieval monastic site near Ripon in North Yorkshire, England. The abbey complex is also part of a much larger designed landscape of the mid- and late 18th century. The designed landscape was initially created beyond the abbey grounds by John Aislabie, although the abbey ruins were later incorporated into the gardens by his son William, who extended the designed landscape. In the 19th century...

  7. 1 The Restoration of Hellifield Peel and the Heritage Debate
    (pp. 13-28)

    On 28 February 2007 the British television station Channel 4 broadcast an episode ofGrand Designs. Grand Designsis a series of programmes produced by Talkback Thames for Channel 4 and presented by the architectural historian and writer Kevin McCloud. Usually an hour in length, the programme follows members of the public who volunteer their own construction projects to be filmed and presented in a fly-on-the-wall style, charting the vicissitudes of the design and construction process. Most of the projects tend to be ‘new-build’ schemes, although the adaptation of a small number of Listed Buildings (buildings designated as ‘nationally important’)...

  8. 2 The Origins of the Conservation of Ancient Monuments and the Beginnings of State Control in the United Kingdom
    (pp. 29-70)

    This chapter provides an outline and analysis of the origins and development of conservation principles and practice in the United Kingdom, beginning with early work on ancient monuments in the 18th century, the formation of archaeological and architectural societies, the subsequent development of preservation initiatives in the mid-19th century and the introduction of ancient monument legislation. The purpose of this chapter is to identify the origin of the principles behind the conservation of ancient monuments. The chapter concludes with the creation of the Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings branch of the Office of Works.

    The period outlined in this chapter...

  9. 3 Practice Perfected: the Ancient Monuments Act of 1913 and the Consolidation of State Preservation Practice
    (pp. 71-114)

    The suggestion in Chapter 1 was that the trajectory of ancient monument conservation in the United Kingdom could be characterised as three distinct periods: a period when monuments changed from being picturesque and romantic features to objects of scientific enquiry; a period when they were ‘frozen’; and the current period, when change and conservation are seen as compatible. Following discussion in Chapter 2 of the evolution of conservation principles and the creation of a professional, full-time corps of specialists at the Office of Works, this chapter will consider and discuss the circumstances surrounding the introduction of theAncient Monuments Consolidation...

  10. 4 British Conservation Practice in Cyprus, 1878 to 1939: a Case Study
    (pp. 115-148)

    This chapter illustrates how British administrators and preservationists behaved in a multicultural environment, away from the constraints of domestic politics and social conditions. It will also illustrate how a particular approach to preservation practice was translated from Britain to another country, echoing similar imperial practice by French, German and Italian preservation rivals. This case study will indicate that conservation practice is flexible (or at least not rigid) and that contemporary issues in Cultural Heritage Management, particularly the issues of multiculturalism, under-represented heritages, ‘use’ of the historic environment and the role of the heritage manager have been explored in other contexts...

  11. 5 Current Directions in England: the Emergence of Cultural Heritage Management and the Use of Conventions, Charters and Principles
    (pp. 149-188)

    This chapter considers two parallel strands of cultural heritage management: the emergence of the practice of Cultural Heritage Management (CHM) and the development of conservation charters, conventions and principles which attempt to provide professional, national and international standards for good heritage management practice. Both strands have seen an evolution in ideas and approaches, moving from the privileging of the technical specialist, the patrician ‘authority’, a shift from a limited range of elite values and top-down approaches to multi-vocal, facilitating, multi-value and bottom-up approaches. This evolution will be set against the background of changing political policy in England, as different governments...

  12. 6 Putting Theory into Practice
    (pp. 189-218)

    In this chapter I will present a number of case studies to illustrate the problems and possibilities of blending theory and practice. The examples are drawn from past projects: the first follows a community consultation concerning a Roman fort; the second provides a slightly different perspective on recent work at Castleford, West Yorkshire, and illustrates the role of the individual in heritage management, particularly in relation to ideas about class. The final example is that of an entirely fortuitous meeting (and its consequences) during a site meeting about monument repair. The three examples may further clarify the concept of social...

  13. 7 Conclusion: Ending the Tyranny of Ruskin and Morris?
    (pp. 219-238)

    Chapter 1 began with the case study of Hellifield Peel. Since the completion of that conservation project several others have taken place, or are in progress, such as at Astley Castle, Warwickshire, a project awarded the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2013. On close examination it is possible to state that, for a great many years, there has been a creative or adaptive response to ruins. We have seen in Chapter 2 (pp. 30–1) that some historic ruins were adaptively reused, became ruins again, or were retained as dwellings. Some, such as Martello Towers, easily lent themselves to...

  14. Appendix 1. Full text of letter to The Times, December 16th, 1900.
    (pp. 239-239)
  15. Appendix 2. SPAB document on Cyprus.
    (pp. 240-241)
  16. Appendix 3. Scheduling description for Coulton, North Yorkshire.
    (pp. 242-245)
  17. Appendix 4. Scheduling description for Steeton Hall, North Yorkshire.
    (pp. 246-250)
  18. Bibliography and References
    (pp. 251-276)
  19. Index
    (pp. 277-282)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 283-285)