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The Haskins Society Journal 23

The Haskins Society Journal 23: 2011. Studies in Medieval History

Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 224
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 23
    Book Description:

    This volume of the Haskins Society Journal furthers the Society's commitment to historical and interdisciplinary research on the early and central Middle Ages, especially in the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, and Angevin worlds but also on the continent. The topics of the essays it contains range from the curious place of Francia in the historiography of medieval Europe to strategies of royal land distribution in tenth-century Anglo-Saxon England to the representation of men and masculinity in the works of Anglo-Norman historians. Essays on the place of polemical literature in Frutolf of Michelsberg's Chronicle, exploration of the relationship between chivalry and crusading in Baudry of Bourgeuil's History, and Cosmas of Prague's manipulation of historical memory in the service of ecclesiastical privilege and priority each extend the volume's engagement with medieval historiography, employing rich continental examples to do so. Investigations of comital personnel in Anjou and Henry II's management of royal forests and his foresters shed new light on the evolving nature of secular governance in the twelfth centuries and challenge and refine important aspects of our view of medieval rule in this period. The volume ends with a wide-ranging reflection on the continuing importance of the art object itself in medieval history and visual studies. Contributors: H.F. Doherty, Kathryn Dutton, Kirsten Fenton, Paul Fouracre, Herbert Kessler, Ryan Lavelle, Thomas J.H. McCarthy, Lisa Wolverton, Simon Yarrow.

    eISBN: 978-1-78204-241-9
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Editor’s Note
    (pp. ix-ix)
  5. Abbreviations
    (pp. x-xiv)
  6. 1 Francia and the History of Medieval Europe
    (pp. 1-22)
    Paul Fouracre

    Charles Homer Haskins dedicated his great workNorman Institutions‘to the spirit of France’. From the near-lyrical remarks in his Preface, he clearly had fond memories of working in the French archives, an affection no doubt sharpened by the dreadful carnage taking place in France in the year of the work’s publication.² It is therefore striking to see how well read Haskins was in works in German, even when it came to writing about Norman institutions in England.³ This familiarity is yet more evident in both hisThe Renaissance of the Twelfth Centuryand the wide-rangingStudies in Medieval Culture.⁴...

  7. 2 Royal Control and the Disposition of Estates in Tenth-Century England: Reflections on the Charters of King Eadwig (955–959)
    (pp. 23-50)
    Ryan Lavelle

    This article examines the politics behind the disposition of lands in the tenth-century English kingdom through an analysis of the corpus of charters from the reign of King Eadwig. The record of land grants made during the reign of Eadwig, including a large proportion granted to laypeople, is rightly acknowledged to be remarkable in the Anglo-Saxon period, since such a comparatively large number of charters was issued within a short period of time.² In the evidence provided by sources associated with contemporary monastic reforms the king and his associates are portrayed as using lands, including church lands, in an all...

  8. 3 Denis Bethell Prize Essay Frutolf of Michelsberg’s Chronicle, the Schools of Bamberg, and the Transmission of Imperial Polemic
    (pp. 51-70)
    T.J.H. McCarthy

    Frutolf of Michelsberg’sChronicleis best known to historians as a classic example of universal history.¹ In this vast and erudite work, Frutolf traces history from the creation of the world through the empires of antiquity up to the German empire of his own day by means of a skilful assemblage of late-antique and medieval historical writings.² His interest in chronology, and in particular his new calculation for the creation of the world, has earned the admiration of modern historians, who have seen Frutolf’sChronicleas a high point in the genre of universal history before the work of Otto...

  9. 4 Manipulating Historical Memory: Cosmas on the Sees of Prague and Olomouc
    (pp. 71-86)
    Lisa Wolverton

    This article considers the history of the bishopric of Prague as described in theChronicle of the Czechs.¹ Writtenc.1120 by Cosmas, the eighty-year-old dean of Prague’s cathedral, theChronica Boemorumis an ambitious work, first treating a Czech legendary age and then the period from 894 to 1125. It is a long, complicated text that serves a number of distinct authorial agendas. First and foremost, Cosmas uses his historical narrative to offer a stinging critique of contemporary Czech politics, as well as of political powerper se.² But embedded within this main narrative, virtually unmarked, is also a...

  10. 5 Poetry and History: Baudry of Bourgueil, the Architecture of Chivalry, and the First Crusade
    (pp. 87-102)
    Jay Rubenstein

    Crusade and chivalry, despite their obvious historical and cultural resonances, have not always sat easily with one another. Particularly when applied to the twelfth century, both of these terms are subject to certain conceptual incompatibilities and linguistic vagaries. As Christopher Tyerman has taught us to appreciate, the word ‘crusade’, and perhaps the concept, did not exist until near the end of the twelfth century. At that point, crusading and crusaders finally became institutionalized, due to the intellectual legwork of Innocent III and the canon lawyers who defined his papal curia.¹ Chivalry, too, in the twelfth century was a doctrine in...

  11. Authors’ Preface to Chapters 6 and 7
    (pp. 103-104)
    Kirsten A. Fenton and Simon Yarrow

    These associated articles offer exploratory investigations into constructions of masculinity at the courts of the Anglo-Norman kings as contributions to the larger study of gender in the Anglo-Norman realm. Using contemporary chronicle accounts, each examines representations of men and masculine behaviour at the royal court during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Recent historiography has seen this period as critical in the emergence of courtly behaviour and ideas. Much of this has been in response to Norbert Elias’ great book,The Civilizing Process,which saw the courts of early modern European monarchs as focal points for the diffusion of civilized behavioural...

  12. 6 Men and Masculinities at the Courts of the Anglo-Norman Kings in the Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis
    (pp. 105-114)
    Simon Yarrow

    The words of the forty-fourth president of the United States, referring to the members of the US Senate, would have been instantly recognized and admired by twelfth-century writers of political narrative, as an instance offacetia, the demonstration of an urbane wit intended to oil the cogs of a tightly wound, fast-moving, court society. Over the last three decades, there has been an increasing accumulation of scholarly discussion on the nature, function, and historical significance of this social world and the place of gender within it.¹ Much of it has been written, explicitly or implicitly, in response to Norbert Elias’...

  13. 7 Men and masculinities in William of Malmesbury’s presentation of the Anglo-Norman court
    (pp. 115-124)
    Kirsten A. Fenton

    In the latter years of Henry I’s reign, one of his knights (milites) experienced a troublesome dream. Whilst asleep he dreamt that his long, luxurious hair was strangling him. He was so unnerved by this vision that upon waking he promptly had it all cut off.² The knight (miles) was apparently one of a number of long-haired men who, forgetful of their natural sex, had wished to grow their hair long in order to look like women. This dream episode and subsequent hair-cutting is reported by the twelfth-century Benedictine monk William of Malmesbury. Malmesbury goes on to comment that as...

  14. 8 The Personnel of Comital Administration in Greater Anjou, 1129–1151
    (pp. 125-154)
    Kathryn Dutton

    ‘Our enemies are prévôts (prepositi), town officials (villici), and the other ministers (ministri) of our lord count.’² This complaint, voiced by an unwitting charcoal-burner during a conversation with the incognito Count Geoffrey V of Anjou, forms the centerpiece of a key anecdote in John of Marmoutier’sHistoria Gaufredi, in which the count learns of the abuses and extortions committed by his body of administrators against inhabitants of Loches.

    While debate continues over the nature and extent of so-called bad or evil customs (malae consuetudines) and what they can reveal about an apparent breakdown in public authority and order from the...

  15. 9 The Murder of Gilbert the Forester
    (pp. 155-204)
    H.F. Doherty

    In early August 1175, King Henry II came to his castle at Nottingham, a king victorious over his enemies.¹ With the king was his eldest son, the Young King, whose submission following his prominent part in the rebellion of 1173–4 had been publicly announced at a council convened at Westminster in May.² Both kings were now making their way to York to receive – for the second or third occasion since July 1174 – the fealty and homage of William, king of Scots, recently released from English custody.³ Also present with these kings were the bishop of Durham, Hugh du Puiset, the justiciar,...

  16. 10 The Object as Subject in Medieval Art
    (pp. 205-228)
    Herbert L. Kessler

    A few years ago, a distinguished scholar of Renaissance art and a leading theorist confronted me with the question: ‘Why do medievalists still maintain a nostalgia for the object?’ It was at the moment when the ‘visual turn’ was veering onto the ramp of phenomenology, so I immediately understood the point he was making: at a time when most other art historians were privileging perception and reception, medievalists seemed hopelessly to be focused on art’s material presence and physical attraction and thus to operate in an intellectual culture that did not engage current theoretical debates.¹

    This was, of course, the...

  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 229-229)