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My Shadow in Dachau

My Shadow in Dachau: Poems by Victims and Survivors of the Concentration Camp

Compiled and annotated by Dorothea Heiser
With a foreword by Walter Jens
English translation edited and with a foreword by Stuart Taberner
Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 290
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt5vj7q1
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  • Book Info
    My Shadow in Dachau
    Book Description:

    The concentration camp at Dachau was the first established by the Nazis, opened shortly after Hitler came to power in 1933. It first held political prisoners, but later also forced laborers, Soviet POWs, Jews, and other "undesirables." More than 30,000 deaths were documented there, with many more unrecorded. In the midst of the horror, some inmates turned to poetry to provide comfort, to preserve their sense of humanity, or to document their experiences. Some were or would later become established poets; others were prominent politicians or theologians; still others were ordinary men and women. This anthology contains 68 poems by 32 inmates of Dachau, in 10 different original languages and facing-page English translation, along with short biographies. A prologue by Walter Jens and an introduction by Dorothea Heiser from the original German edition are joined here by a foreword by Stuart Taberner of the University of Leeds. All the poems, having arisen in the experience or memory of extreme human suffering, are testimonies to the persistence of the humanity and creativity of the individual. They are also a warning not to forget the darkest chapter of history and a challenge to the future not to allow it to be repeated. Dorothea Heiser holds an MA from the University of Freiburg. Stuart Taberner is Professor of Contemporary German Literature, Culture, and Society at the University of Leeds.

    eISBN: 978-1-57113-897-2
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-viii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-xvi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
    Dorothea Heiser
  4. A Note on Permissions
    (pp. xix-xx)
  5. Foreword to the English-Language Edition
    (pp. xxi-xxiv)
    Stuart Taberner

    Twenty years ago the German-language edition ofMy Shadow in Dachau(Mein Schatten in Dachau) was published—following eight years of painstaking detective work by Dorothea Heiser, a resident of the small Bavarian town indelibly associated with the first Nazi concentration camp, who was inspired by a poem by a seventeen-year-old inmate, Nevio Vitelli, to contact survivors or the families of the deceased and to compile an anthology of German translations of “poems from Dachau” (an Italian compilation came in 1997). Even before this, in fact, Dorothea had become aware of her historical responsibility as a German when she spent...

  6. Foreword
    (pp. xxv-xxviii)
    Walter Jens

    In the beginning: two names, two numbers. Nevio Vitelli—111,785. Mirco Giuseppe Camia—116,354. Two people who experienced Dachau concentration camp. One, Vitelli, still almost a child, wrote a poem after his liberation: “My Shadow in Dachau,” his only poem. It is the monologue of a victim condemned to death, addressed to his mother: “What have I done, Mum? Do you know? Tell me and kiss me in my sleep, so lightly, that I wouldn’t even dare to kiss you back, like when you used to cry about me, the naughty boy.”

    Nevio Vitelli, born 1928, died—as a delayed...

  7. Introduction
    (pp. 1-16)
    Dorothea Heiser

    In times of suffering, poetry is like a song that liberates and penetrates right to the very bottom of the truth….” This characterization of poetry, written in the extreme conditions of the camp experience, came from the pen of the French journalist and survivor of Dachau concentration camp, Fabien Lacombe.¹

    His testimony touches all that is fundamental to the poems presented here, written by people of different nationalities, whose fates were shaped by their experiences of Dachau concentration camp.

    Between 1933 and 1945, over 200,000 people were forced to spend a part of their lifetime in this concentration camp; there...

  8. Part I. Camp Life:: The Reality 1933–1945

    • [Part I. Introduction]
      (pp. 17-18)

      The poems assembled in this section deal with themes generally having to do with the realities of concentration camp life, though this is, of course, a rather imprecise characterization. Indeed, it may not always be an entirely satisfactory way of systemizing a wealth of diverse and uniquely personal statements by individual authors. Nevertheless, the attempt undertaken in this anthology to arrange the material chronologically and thematically into four different sections makes it possible to look at various aspects of life in the concentration camp at Dachau. Each section presents one particular aspect of “concentration camp poetry,” presenting via the variety...

    • Karel Parcer, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 19-24)
      Karel Parcer

      Karel Parcer was born in 1906 in Ljubljana, Slovenia.¹ On May 8, 1944, he was deported to Dachau as prisoner number 67,808, and was still a prisoner in the camp when it was liberated in 1945. Before his deportation he worked as a bank consultant. The following text has its origins in 1944 and was written in the camp. It is the second part of a longer poetic work entitled “Dachau,” which begins with the motif of Hell from Dante’sDivine Comedy. The author gave the typewritten manuscript to the Museum of the People’s Revolution (now the National Museum of...

    • Feliks Rak, Poland, biography
      (pp. 25-27)
      Feliks Rak

      Feliks Rak was born in 1903 in Borowiecz, Poland. Rak was arrested by the Gestapo in the spring of 1940 and initially imprisoned in Kielce. In July 1940 he was deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp, then was moved to Dachau on September 5 of the same year, where he was registered as prisoner number 18,425. He was still interned in Dachau at its liberation in April 1945. Rak was a leading member of a secret organization in the camp. Many of the poems that he wrote during his incarceration in the concentration camps were read there at secret gatherings. Following...

    • Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz, Germany, biography
      (pp. 28-36)
      Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz

      Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz was born in 1906 in Breslau (then Germany, now Wrocław, Poland). The son of an estate manager, Edgar Kupfer-Koberwitz started work as an agricultural apprentice, later becoming a bank employee. He was already writing poems and newspaper articles during this period. In 1934 he fled Germany for France following the NaziMachtergreifung. Beginning in 1937 he worked as a tour guide on the Italian island of Ischia. In 1940, following a denunciation, he was deported from Italy and handed over to the Gestapo for allegedly criticizing the regime, although he had never been politically active. He was sent...

    • Jura Soyfer, Austria, biography
      (pp. 37-43)
      Jura Soyfer

      Jura Soyfer was born in 1912 in Kharkov, Russia. On June 23, 1938, Soyfer was taken to Dachau as prisoner number 16,600; on September 23, 1938 he was relocated to Buchenwald, where he died on February 16, 1939.

      Soyfer, whose father was a Jewish industrialist, had fled Russia with his family in 1920 and settled in Vienna in 1921. He had already displayed a strong political involvement during his studies in Vienna and wrote aggressive verse as well as left-wing critical commentaries and stage plays before, at only twenty-six years old, he was murdered in the Buchenwald concentration camp.

      One...

    • Maria Johanna Vaders, The Netherlands, biography
      (pp. 44-47)
      Maria Johanna Vaders

      Maria Johanna Vaders¹ was born in 1922 in The Hague, the Netherlands.

      From the age of barely eighteen, Vaders, a young civil servant at The Hague’s employment office, was involved in various resistance movements. The group to which Vaders belonged went by the code name “A.C. contact V.G.” (Officials Contact Free Group The Hague). They forged identity papers and identity cards and carried out courier missions.

      In 1944, after three years of operation, the group was denounced by an informer. Maria Vaders was sent to the Oranjehotel prison in Scheveningen on June 20, 1944, then deported to Herzogenbusch, a section...

    • František Kadlec, Czech Republic, biography
      (pp. 48-55)
      František Kadlec

      František Kadlec was born in Prague in 1911. Kadlec was arrested in May 1940 for his membership in a left-leaning nationalist workers’ youth organization that had been banned on March 15, 1939. He was first held in a Prague prison, then sent to Terezín concentration camp, finally arriving at Dachau on October 18, 1940 (prisoner number 20,601). After being liberated there in 1945, Kadlec returned to his birthplace, Prague, where he worked as an architect. He died there in 2003.

      In 1992, František Kadlec returned to Dachau concentration camp for the first time to participate in the ceremony of commemoration...

    • Mirco Giuseppe Camia, Italy, biography
      (pp. 56-66)
      Mirco Giuseppe Camia

      Mirco Giuseppe Camia was born in 1925 in Milan, Italy. While a student of classical languages, Camia was arrested for membership in a resistance group. He was sent to a prison in Milan, transferred from there to a camp near Bolzano, and then deported to Flossenbürg concentration camp. On October 10, 1944 he was transferred to Dachau and registered as prisoner number 116,354. Camia was then transferred to the external camp of Dachau, Kempten-Kottern, and finally liberated from Dachau on April 29, 1945. He returned to Italy in June 1945, still seriously ill. Following his recovery, Camia completed his studies....

    • Michel Jacques, France, biography
      (pp. 67-72)
      Michel Jacques

      Michel Jacques was born in 1920 in Neuilly sur Seine, France. Jacques was brought to Dachau on October 26, 1944 and registered as prisoner number 116,789. He was imprisoned in the concentration camp of Natzweiler from November 9–18, 1944, but was being held in Dachau at liberation. Following liberation in 1945, Michel Jacques published numerous poems in French-language anthologies....

    • Eugène Malzac, France, biography
      (pp. 73-75)
      Eugène Malzac

      Eugène Malzac was born in 1920 in Clermont Ferrand, France. Malzac arrived at Dachau concentration camp on July 5, 1944, on the infamous Train-de-mort (death train), a transport of 2,521 deportees, 984 of whom died en route. Malzac was registered as prisoner number 77,881 and was later liberated from the external camp of Allach. Malzac still visits schools and colleges in France and around the world, talking to pupils about his experiences in the anti-Nazi resistance, his deportation, and his imprisonment in concentration camps.¹...

    • Henri Pouzol, France, biography
      (pp. 76-82)
      Henri Pouzol

      Henri Pouzol was born in 1914 in Jarnac, France. He was transferred to the concentration camp at Dachau from Oranienburg-Sachsenhausen on July 17, 1944 and was registered as prisoner number 80,598.

      Until 1942, when he was arrested on account of his membership in the French Resistance, Pouzol had worked as a grammar school teacher for French language and literature. He was detained, interned, and then deported to the Oranienburg-Sachsenhausen concentration camp and to Augsburg-Pfersee and Lauingen, external camps of Dachau. Pouzol had also written poetry prior to his deportation, but it remained unpublished. He was liberated from Dachau in April...

    • France Černe, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 83-88)
      France Černe

      France Černe was born in 1923 in Zgornji Kašelj, Slovenia. The young Slovenian teacher was transferred to Dachau concentration camp on October 16, 1944 and was present there when the camp was liberated in April 1945. His prisoner number was 116,839.

      The following poem was written after the death of a fellow prisoner in 1944 and was first published on May 6, 1945, shortly after liberation, inRazsvit, the organ of the Yugoslavian antifascist youth in the camp, volume 4....

    • Father Karl Schmidt, Germany, biography
      (pp. 89-92)
      Karl Schmidt

      Karl Schmidt was born in 1904 in Zweibrücken, Germany. A Salesian priest, Schmidt was one of the 2,579 Catholic priests imprisoned at Dachau. He was interned there on December 14, 1940 and released on April 10, 1945. No further information is known.

      The following poem was written by Father Karl Schmidt while being held in Dachau in 1942 and was passed on by Father Johann Lenz in his bookChristus in Dachau, 1960....

    • László Salamon, Romania (Hungarian mother tongue), biography
      (pp. 93-96)
      László Salamon

      László Salamon was born in 1891 in Oradea, Romania. He began writing his first poems in his mother tongue, Hungarian, while he was a grammar school pupil. He was seriously injured in the First World War, where he served as an officer. After the war, during the time of the declaration of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic, among other independent socialist or anarchist republics (or soviets) across parts of central and eastern Europe, he worked closely alongside the philosopher György Lukács as a professor of Hungarian, Latin, and philosophy and was sentenced to four years imprisonment by the Court of...

    • Franc Dermastja-Som, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 97-100)
      Franc Dermastja-Som

      Franc Dermastja-Som was born in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in 1919. He was deported to Dachau on January 20, 1944, and registered as prisoner number 102,246. He was sent from there to the concentration camp at Natzweiler and was then returned to Dachau, from which he was later freed.

      This poem was written in April 1945, shortly before liberation....

  9. Part II. Searching for the Purpose of Suffering:: Despair—Accusation—Hope

    • [Part II. Introduction]
      (pp. 101-101)

      The poems in this section, like those of the previous one, were written during internment in Dachau concentration camp. Despite the attending danger, many of the poems were written down immediately, insofar as their authors had the opportunity to do so. Others were composed mentally and written down shortly after liberation. Yet the effort not to be deprived of freedom of thought, despite every degradation, is visible in all of these works, whatever shape that effort took in individual cases. Poetry composed under oppressive and dehumanizing totalitarian regimes, whatever their persuasion, is always an attempt to preserve humanity’s fundamental values....

    • László Salamon, Romania (Hungarian mother tongue)
      (pp. 102-107)
      László Salamon
    • Feliks Rak, Poland
      (pp. 108-112)
      Feliks Rak
    • Bojan Ajdič, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 113-116)
      Bojan Ajdič

      Bojan Ajdič was born in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in 1921. On March 19, 1944, the twenty-three-year-old Slovenian teacher was taken to Dachau, where he was registered as prisoner number 65,715. He was freed when Dachau was liberated in 1945.

      The following poem was written under the title “Last Day” on December 31, 1944, when the author received his first letter from home. Later he changed and expanded the poem, gave it the title “Premonition,” and published it under the pseudonym “Blajc” in the journalBorecin 1954.¹ The author preserved the original handwritten draft along with a calendar of the years...

    • Sylvain Gutmacker, Belgium, biography
      (pp. 117-124)
      Sylvain Gutmacker

      All that is known of this young Jewish pharmacology student, who came from Belgium, was that he escaped the persecution of the Jews by “going underground” in the concentration camp of Dachau and remaining there until liberation. G. v. Walraeve, one of Gutmacker’s former fellow prisoners, sent copies of the poems Gutmacker had written in Dachau, which were preserved in a handwritten manuscript, to the Archive of the Dachau Memorial Site.

      Four of these poems, three of which are included here, were written in Dachau concentration camp in 1942, but Gutmacker continued to keep his poetry notebook until 1945. Its...

    • Roman Gebler, Germany, biography
      (pp. 125-132)
      Roman Gebler

      Roman Gebler was born in 1896 in a German settlement near Lódz. Gebler had studied art, but his training was interrupted during the First World War by his internment in 1916. He later continued his studies in Berlin. As a painter, study visits across Europe followed. He was arrested as a socialist in 1933, then deported to the Flossenbürg and Dachau concentration camps (prisoner number 72).

      After his liberation from Dachau in April 1945, he lived in Miesbach, Upper Bavaria, working as a fine artist. The following three poems are taken from his collectionAus dämmernden Nächten, which appeared in...

    • Fabien Lacombe, France, biography
      (pp. 133-137)
      Fabien Lacombe

      Fabien Lacombe was born in 1921 in La Flèche, Sarthe, France. Between 1936 and 1938 Lacombe studied in Germany in the university towns of Heidelberg, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, where he soon became acquainted with the awakening National Socialism. In 1942 he was arrested in France by the Gestapo and on June 20, 1944 he was deported to Dachau (prisoner number 73,611). From there he was moved to the external camps of Kaufbeuren and Allach, where in April 1945 he was freed. After his return to his French homeland he worked as a journalist in France as well as in Israel,...

    • Michel Jacques, France
      (pp. 138-142)
      Michel Jacques
    • Josef Schneeweiss, Austria, biography
      (pp. 143-148)
      Josef Schneeweiss

      Josef Schneeweiss was born in 1913 in Vienna. He was politically engaged from an early age; he became a member of the Union of Socialist High School Pupils and went as a volunteer to Spain to fight against fascism. Afterwards he was interned in France; this was followed by terms in prison, a trial before the People’s Court in Vienna, and finally in 1942, now a medical student, Schneeweiss was taken to Dachau concentration camp, where he had to work for two years in the death chamber. During this time he met both the Belgian deportee Arthur Haulot (p. 149)...

    • Arthur Haulot, Belgium, biography
      (pp. 149-152)
      Arthur Haulot

      Arthur Haulot was born in 1913 in Liége, Belgium. A journalist, writer, and radio announcer, Haulot was also chief of the Belgian General Commission for Tourism. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1941 on account of his membership in a resistance movement. In July 1942, Haulot was deported to Mauthausen concentration camp and later transferred to Dachau on November 9, 1942 (prisoner number 39,095), from where he was liberated in 1945.

      Haulot was deputy spokesman for his compatriots on the International Prisoners’ Committee of the concentration camp of Dachau after liberation. He was among the few who were able...

    • Richard Scheid, Germany, biography
      (pp. 153-158)
      Richard Scheid

      Richard Scheid was born in 1876 in Koblenz, Germany. Scheid worked as a pharmacist, but later became active in education and as a writer. In 1933, he was caught up in the first large wave of arrests in Germany. Held initially at various prisons in Munich, he was sent to Dachau on December 19, 1934 (prisoner number 6,767), where, during the four years of his imprisonment, he was forced to endure the “dark cell” and the “punishment squad.” He was released from Dachau in 1938. A number of Scheid’s poems have been published in anthologies. He died in Munich in...

    • Josef Massetkin, Russia, biography
      (pp. 159-162)
      Josef Massetkin

      Josef Massetkin, was born in 1918 in Saratov, Russia. The Russian physician was imprisoned in Dachau on March 1, 1944 (prisoner number 64,734). In 1945 he and his fellow prisoner and colleague, the Austrian physician Dr. Ella Lingens, were allocated the roles of medical co-supervisors of the small women’s camp, which was opened in the last few months before the liberation next to the disinfection barracks of the Dachau camp. All of Massetkin’s poems published in this collection were kept in Dr. Lingens’s possession. The poems were written partly in Russian and partly in French, in which the author was...

    • Christoph Hackethal, Germany, biography
      (pp. 163-166)
      Christoph Hackethal

      Christoph Hackethal was born in 1899 in Hannover, Germany. He was ordained as a Catholic priest in Hildesheim in 1923. On April 18, 1941, the Gestapo came to his presbytery in Bündheim and arrested him for “actions harmful to the state and defeatist utterances.” He was first brought to the notorious Lager 21 at Salzgitter-Hallendorf. On July 26, 1941, he was transported to Dachau and registered there on August 8 as prisoner number 26,888. Here he was assigned to the Arbeitskommando “Kräuterplantage” (work detail “Herb Plantation”), but the hard labor, moving earth in all kinds of weather, was too much...

    • Werner Sylten, Germany, biography
      (pp. 167-169)
      Werner Sylten

      Werner Sylten was born in 1893 in Hergiswil, Switzerland. He later moved to Germany, where he went to school in Berlin. He studied theology at the University of Marburg and became a vicar in Hildesheim. Later the protestant pastor, who was close to the religious socialists, became head of a girls’ reform school in Köstritz. As a “half-Jew” he was dismissed from his post and became a business manager for the Confessing Church in Thuringia. In February 1941 he was arrested and on May 30, 1941, he was taken to Dachau (prisoner number 26,077).

      On August 12, 1942, he was...

    • Mirco Giuseppe Camia, Italy
      (pp. 170-171)
      Mirco Giuseppe
    • Nevio Vitelli, Italy, biography
      (pp. 172-177)
      Nevio Vitelli

      Nevio Vitelli was born in 1928 in Fiume, then Italy. In April 1944, at age 16, Vitelli arrived alone in Germany, and in September of the same year attempted a risky journey to return home to his parents. It was during this attempt that he was arrested by the Gestapo and, owing to the antifascist propaganda he was carrying with him, sent on September 27, 1944, to Dachau (prisoner number 111,785). He lived to see the liberation of the camp in April 1945, returned home in spite of illness resulting from his imprisonment, and died in 1948, after almost continuous...

    • Stanisław Wygodzki, Poland, biography
      (pp. 178-188)
      Stanisław Wygodzki

      Stanisław Wygodzki was born in 1907 in Będzin, Poland. Wygodzki, a Polish writer of Jewish origin, was expelled from school at the age of sixteen for communist agitation. He then joined the banned Communist Party and was imprisoned between 1925 and 1927 on account of his membership. He was a member of the International Union of Revolutionary Authors and translated the works of German poets, including Brecht, Tucholsky, and Erich Kästner, into Polish. Wygodzki published the first two collections of his own poetry in 1933–34 and 1936. In 1942, he was sent to the Będzin Ghetto. He, his wife,...

  10. Part III. Liberation:: Dachau, April 29, 1945

    • [Part III. Introduction]
      (pp. 189-190)

      As the experience of liberation was confined to a brief space of time, the number of poems in this section is comparatively small. Yet these poems offer a crucial perspective for understanding the inner experience of those who survived to see liberation, affording occasional glimpses of how hard, after all the prisoners had gone through, a return to the world outside would be.

      According to the last roll-call there were 32,335 prisoners remaining in Dachau on April 29, 1945.

      Viktor Frankl described the experience of liberation from his personal perspective:

      In describing the experiences of liberation, which naturally must be...

    • Levi Shalit, Israel, biography
      (pp. 191-193)
      Levi Shalit

      Levi Shalit was a Jewish writer born in 1916 in Kuibyshev, Russia, who spent his youth in Lithuania. During the German occupation he was sent to the ghetto, where he became an active member of an underground organization. On July 29, 1944 he was deported along with the remainder of the 120,000 Lithuanian Jews to Stutthof concentration camp near Danzig. Shortly afterwards, in August 1944, he was sent to Dachau and then to its external camp Kaufering No. 2 near Landsberg. His father, who was also sent to the same external camp, died there. Levi Shalit survived and, shortly before...

    • Mirco Giuseppe Camia, Italy
      (pp. 194-199)
      Mirco Giuseppe Camia
    • László Salamon, Romania (Hungarian mother tongue)
      (pp. 200-204)
      László Salamon
    • Léon Boutbien, France, biography
      (pp. 205-211)
      Léon Boutbien

      Léon Boutbien was born in 1915 in Paris. He became a doctor of medicine; he was arrested in 1943 and in July deported to Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp as aNacht und Nebelprisoner. He was later evacuated from Erzingen, an external camp of Natzweiler-Struthof, to Allach, an external camp of Dachau, in a brutal forced march in April 1945. Here, Boutbien worked as a doctor until his liberation, as is also clear from the poem reproduced here, which was first printed in a brochure titled “Natzweiler Struthof.”¹

      After his liberation Boutbien published several books and, as a socialist, was involved...

    • Josef Massetkin, Russia
      (pp. 212-214)
      Josef Massetkin
    • Fran Albrecht, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 215-218)
      Fran Albrecht

      Fran Albrecht was born in 1889 in Kamnik, Slovenia. The Slovenian poet, critic, and essayist was deported to Dachau on January 8, 1944 (prisoner number 60,980) and remained there until its liberation in 1945. The poem included here was written immediately after the liberation, in commemoration of the concentration camp of Dachau. It was first published in the Slovenian weekly journalTV-15, no. 17–18 on April 29, 1976. The handwritten manuscript is located in the National Museum of Contemporary History (previously the Museum of the People’s Revolution) in Ljubljana. Fran Albrecht died in 1963 in Ljubljana....

    • Tadeusz Borowski, Poland, biography
      (pp. 219-221)
      Tadeusz Borowski

      Tadeusz Borowski was born in 1922 in Zhytomyr, Ukraine. Beginning in 1933 Borowski lived in Poland, working as a builder and studying Polish philology at the underground University of Warsaw. He became later active as a prose writer, journalist, and poet. He was arrested in February 1943 and deported to Auschwitz soon after. Borowski was brought to Natzweiler-Daumergen concentration camp in August 1944, and later was taken to Allach, an external camp of Dachau. After his liberation in April 1945 he was brought to the displaced persons camp at Freimann, near Munich. There he met his fellow sufferer and writer,...

    • Stanisław Wygodzki, Poland
      (pp. 222-224)
      Stanisław Wygodzki
  11. Part IV. The Years after 1945

    • [Part IV. Introduction]
      (pp. 225-226)

      The years after liberation brought no respite: to this day, the survivors of Dachau, like those of the other concentration camps, continue to be traumatized by their extreme experiences. This trauma became a noticeable feature of survivors’ daily lives, but it also surfaced in their poetry written years or even decades afterwards. Even now, many of the survivors suffer from nightmares, and almost all are racked by feelings of guilt toward those who lost their lives in the concentration camps. A not insignificant number—including Sylvain Gutmacker, Primo Levi, Tadeusz Borowski, and Bruno Bettelheim, who was also imprisoned in Dachau...

    • Rupko Godec, Slovenia, biography
      (pp. 227-229)
      Rupko Godec

      Rupko Godec was born in 1925 in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Godec was initially interned in Perugia and then afterwards deported to Dachau on October 11, 1943 (prisoner number 56,271). Here he became co-editor of the Dachau camp paper “Dawn,” secretly conceived for the Slovenian youth. This paper, in spite of all dangers connected with publishing it, appeared twice.

      The following poem was written in 1946 and finally finished on October 18, 1947, and is dedicated to the fellow prisoners who tragically perished in Dachau. The typewritten original manuscript is still in the possession of the author....

    • Mirco Giuseppe Camia, Italy
      (pp. 230-233)
      Mirco Giuseppe Camia
    • László Salamon, Romania (Hungarian mother tongue)
      (pp. 234-235)
      László Salamon
    • Tadeusz Borowski, Poland
      (pp. 236-239)
      Tadeusz Borowski
    • Stanisław Wygodzki, Poland
      (pp. 240-247)
      Stanisław Wygodzki
    • Arthur Haulot, Belgium
      (pp. 248-249)
      Arthur Haulot
    • Henri Pouzol, France
      (pp. 250-256)
      Henri Pouzol
    • Tatjana Sinkovec-Maver, Canada, biography
      (pp. 257-260)
      Tatjana Sinkovec-Maver

      Tatjana Sinkovec-Maver’s father was the pharmacist Cyrill Andreas Maver, born in 1895 in Slovenia. He was arrested by the Gestapo in the autumn of 1944 in Maribor, Slovenia, and deported to Dachau concentration camp. He died in the summer of 1945, after his liberation, in a hospital in the town of Dachau and was buried in the Waldfriedhof there.

      Tatjana Sinkovec-Maver moved to Switzerland with her mother, studied in Austria and finally emigrated to Canada, where she married in 1954. In 1984 she visited her father’s grave in Dachau and wrote the following poem, which she sent to the archive...

  12. Biographies of Other Inmates at Dachau Mentioned in the Anthology
    (pp. 261-262)
  13. Glossary
    (pp. 263-268)
  14. Arrivals and Deaths in the Concentration Camp at Dachau
    (pp. 269-270)
  15. Dachau and Its External Camps
    (pp. 271-272)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 273-278)
  17. Notes on the Translators
    (pp. 279-282)
  18. Index of Authors, Their Biographies, and the Poems
    (pp. 283-286)
  19. Back Matter
    (pp. 287-287)