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The Haskins Society Journal 16

The Haskins Society Journal 16: 2005. Studies in Medieval History

Copyright Date: 2006
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 158
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 16
    Book Description:

    The latest volume of the Haskins Society Journal, presenting recent research on the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, Viking and Angevin worlds of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, includes topics ranging from examinations of the cultures of power and peacemaking to analyses of patterns of religious patronage, ethnic stereotyping, law and theology, the Renaissance of the Twelfth Century, and politics in the Ireland of Lionel of Antwerp. Contributors: THOMAS N. BISSON, PAUL DALTON, BRIAN GOLDING, TRACEY-ANNE COOPER, FLORIN CURTA, JASON TALIADOROS, GILBERT STACK, ALEX NOVIKOFF, PETER CROOKS

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-475-1
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Editor’s Note
    (pp. vii-vii)
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. viii-x)
  5. 1 Hallucinations of Power: Climates of Fright in the Early Twelfth Century
    (pp. 1-11)
    Thomas N. Bisson

    Orderic Vitalis, without whom, I suspect, the Charles Homer Haskins Society would not exist, wrote the following words about the beginnings of renewed conflict in England and Normandy after the Conquest:

    ‘In truth, since the adversary of mankind stalks the earth like a raging lion, seeking those whom he might gnash to pieces with the teeth of his cruelty, so once again a great disturbance arose amongst the English and Normans and the perfidious Scourge [Erinis] long raged to the detriment of many.’²

    Two things interest me here, both of them couched in striking metaphorical verbiage, not really Orderic’s own;...

  6. 2 Sites and Occasions of Peacemaking in England and Normandy, c. 900–c. 1150
    (pp. 12-26)
    Paul Dalton

    The subject of warfare in medieval England and Normandy betweenc. 900 andc. 1150 has tended to attract more scholarly attention than that of peacemaking.¹ During the last twenty years or so, however, peacemaking in these areas during this period has become the focus of an increasing amount of research, which has done much to illuminate this important aspect of medieval society.² A further contribution to the field can be made by examining in more depth some of the sites where English and Norman rulers and aristocrats made peace with their opponents, and some of the occasions on which...

  7. 3 Trans-border Transactions: Patterns of Patronage in Anglo-Norman Wales
    (pp. 27-46)
    Brian Golding

    In the ‘Pennal’ letter of 1406 Owain Glyn Dŵr set out his programme for the creation of an independent Welsh church. Among this manifesto’s clauses was the call for the immediate end to appropriation of Welsh parishes to English religious houses and for their advowsons to be restored to the original patrons.² Though there was undoubtedly widespread contemporary concern, by no means confined to Wales, at the acceleration of appropriations by monasteries as a response to economic pressures, particularly during the second half of the fourteenth century, and though appropriations within Wales were certainly not limited to English abbeys, Owain’s...

  8. 4 Lay Piety, Confessional Directives and the Compiler’s Method in Late Anglo-Saxon England
    (pp. 47-61)
    Tracey-Anne Cooper

    Any examination of lay piety in the early Middle Ages is fraught with difficulties because of the nature of the evidence. Historians have almost exclusively looked at land donations, which leave records in the form of charters, as testimony of pious lay-giving.¹ The limited scope of charter evidence, however, seriously distorts our perception of lay piety in the pre-Conquest period. Certainly, recent research has highlighted a previously under-recognized trend of extensive and expensive gift-giving among the eleventh-century elite – bishops, earls, and high-status women – that did not involve land donations.² It also has to be acknowledged that only the...

  9. 5 Furor Teutonicus. A Note on Ethnic Stereotypes in Suger’s Deeds of Louis the Fat
    (pp. 62-76)
    Florin Curta

    In 1124, ‘on the advice of the English king, Henry’, Emperor Henry V ‘was plotting a surprise attack against the city of Reims’.¹ Suger’s account of how Louis VI gathered a great army to rebut the enemy is viewed by many as a correct perception of a climax in Louis’s reign. Some see in this episode ‘the real birth of theregnum Franciaein its wider sense’.² Others go as far as to claim that Louis’s stand against Henry V in 1124 is the ‘first expression of national patriotism in France’.³ According to Suger, Louis’s army consisted of an impressive...

  10. 6 Law and Theology in Gilbert of Foliot’s (c. 1105/10–1187/88) Correspondence
    (pp. 77-94)
    Jason Taliadoros

    Lord Peter Stein, eminent historian of Roman law, described the interaction of law and theology in the writings of one twelfth-century writer as a kind of ‘universal jurisprudence’.¹ The twelfth-century figure to whom he referred was Master Vacarius (c. 1115/20–c. 1200), well-known English Roman lawyer² and Anglo-Norman canonist.³ While Stein drew this conclusion largely on the basis of an analysis of Vacarius’ strictly ‘legal’ work, theLiber pauperum,⁴ I have shown elsewhere, following a systematic study of Vacarius’ other works, dealing with marriage, christology and heresy, that, when seen together, they demonstrate a use of law as a universal...

  11. 7 A Lost Law of Henry II: The Assize of Oxford and Monetary Reform
    (pp. 95-103)
    Gilbert Stack

    Late in the year 1180, Henry II enacted a reform of both the coinage and mint administration in England. Chronicle descriptions of this event are few and somewhat limited. Roger of Hoveden, for example, states: ‘Henry, king of England, the father, made a new coinage in England’ (1180).¹ While this and other chroniclers’ statements help date when the new coinage was introduced they offer no details as to how the transfer from old to new coinage was managed and no hint that a large reform of the mint system accompanied the change.² The sparse comments of chroniclers and the absence...

  12. 8 The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century Before Haskins
    (pp. 104-116)
    Alex Novikoff

    Charles Homer Haskins’The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century(1927) is an acknowledged masterpiece of modern medieval historiography.¹ Not only has this celebrated book sparked several generations of scholarship and debate, but, almost eight decades later, it continues to capture the historiographical interest of medievalists.² Since Haskins, not a few historians have tried their hand at describing this ‘renaissance’ of learning that took place in Western Europe during the late eleventh and twelfth centuries and there are, today, countless titles bearing the term ‘twelfth-century renaissance’ to show for it.³ In the course of the now tired debate over the appropriateness...

  13. 9 The Denis Bethell Prize Essay ‘Hobbes’, ‘Dogs’ and Politics in the Ireland of Lionel of Antwerp, c. 1361–6
    (pp. 117-148)
    Peter Crooks

    On 15 September 1361, Lionel of Antwerp (1338–68) disembarked at Dublin and began his tenure as the king’s lieutenant in Ireland.¹ It was a pivotal moment for the English residents of Ireland. They had played on the conscience of the king at Westminster, and the fruit of their efforts was the appointment of a young lieutenant with a pedigree ideally suited to Irish office.² Through his wife, Lionel laid claim to the vast inheritance of the Burgh family, including Ulster – once Ireland’s premier earldom – and the lordship of Connacht. But Lionel was no ordinary noble. He was...

  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 149-149)