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The Haskins Society Journal 21

The Haskins Society Journal 21: 2009. Studies in Medieval History

Copyright Date: 2010
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 228
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 21
    Book Description:

    Embracing disciplinary approaches ranging from the archaeological to the historical, the sociological to the literary, this collection offers new insights into key texts and interpretive problems in the history of England and the continent between the eighth and thirteenth centuries. Topics range from Bede's use and revision of the anonymous Life of St Cuthbert and the redeployment of patristic texts in later continental and Anglo-Saxon ascetic and hagiographical texts, to Robert Curthose's interaction with the Norman episcopate and the revival of Roman legal studies, to the dynamics of aristocratic friendship in the Anglo-Norman realm, and much more. The volume also includes two methodologically rich studies of vital aspects of the historical landscape of medieval England: rivers and forests. William North teaches in the Department of History, Carleton College. Contributors: Richard Allen, Uta-Renate Blumenthal, Ruth Harwood Cline, Thomas Cramer, Mark Gardiner, C. Stephen Jaeger, David A.E. Pelteret, Sally Shockro, Rebecca Slitt, Timothy Smit

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-903-9
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Editor’s Note
    (pp. vii-viii)
    William North
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. ix-xii)
  5. 1 Bede and the Rewriting of Sanctity The Denis Bethel Prize Essay
    (pp. 1-20)
    Sally Shockro

    Scholars have often identified texts that influenced the style or content of many of Bede’s works, but the resulting text is frequently too far removed from the known sources to suggest a linear connection. In the case of Bede’s proseLife of Cuthbert(hereafterVC), however, the connection between Bede’s source material and his finished text is much more direct. Bede acknowledged that the majority of information in hisVCcame from the AnonymousLife of Cuthbert(hereafterVA) written by a monk of Lindisfarne.¹ Bede not only used theVAas a source of information about Cuthbert’s life and...

  6. 2 The Role of Rivers and Coastlines in Shaping Early English History
    (pp. 21-46)
    David A. E. Pelteret

    The rivers of England generally do not impinge much on the consciousness of modern travellers as they are swept along at speed by car or train over bridge and viaduct. In recent centuries English rivers have been much abused by being canalized, diverted, embanked, and, in the case of the River Fleet in London, even sent underground in a sewer, a reality that users of Google Earth need to bear in mind if using that tool to try to visualize the geography of the English past. To appreciate the experience of the Anglo-Saxons one needs to think oneself into another...

  7. 3 Containing Virginity: Sex and Society in Early Medieval England
    (pp. 47-66)
    Thomas Cramer

    Aldhelm of Malmesbury (639–710/1) is widely regarded as one of the leading scholars of the seventh century, and his treatiseDe Virginitatehas increasingly been recognized as one of the most influential works in early medieval Northern Europe, second only perhaps to Bede’sHistoria Ecclesiastica.¹ Increasing attention to this work over the past several years has rectified a long period of neglect for a man who had such an immense influence, and yet, the vast majority of modern historical consideration has focused almost exclusively on the literary influence of Aldhelm’s style and form. Indeed, traditional readings of Aldhelm have...

  8. 4 Pagans and Infidels, Saracens and Sicilians: Identifying Muslims in the Eleventh-Century Chronicles of Norman Italy
    (pp. 67-86)
    Timothy Smit

    In 1061, the Christian and Muslim inhabitants of Reggio in Calabria armed themselves to support Robert Guiscard in his campaign against the Muslims of Sicily. Although perhaps surprising to modern eyes, such collaboration between Christians and Muslims was a common experience in Robert’s world. He used knights, presumably Muslim, from the conquered towns of Portinico and Corleone against other Muslims.¹ In addition, as he established control of Sicily, he saw fit to put a Muslim in charge of a town that had fallen under his influence.² Indeed, in his early career Robert himself had served as a mercenary in the...

  9. 5 Robert Curthose and the Norman Episcopate
    (pp. 87-112)
    Richard Allen

    If the career of Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy (1087–1106), has rightly been the subject of much recent reassessment,¹ the bishops of the duchy remain one important aspect of his reign that has been largely overlooked.² The Norman episcopal network, which occupied a place of singular significance during the reign of William the Conqueror, had, by the time of the battle of Tinchebray, been brought to the brink of near systemic collapse. For many twelfth-century chroniclers the blame for such a catastrophe rested squarely with Robert Curthose. In a well-known speech put into the mouth of Serlo, bishop of...

  10. 6 The Revival of Roman Law: the Exceptiones Petri
    (pp. 113-124)
    Uta-Renate Blumenthal

    The twelfth century brought with it so many changes that one would still be justified in calling it unexplored, myriad relevant publications notwithstanding. One of the most important and complex of these changes was the development of legal studies. It was Charles Homer Haskins who early on drew particular attention to the revival of legal science in western Europe based on theDigestand the significance of the work of Irnerius, Bulgarus, Martinus, Hugo and Jacobus at the incipient university of Bologna during the first half of the century.¹ The reappearance of the Justinian corpus — only a single complete manuscript...

  11. 7 Mutatis Mutandis: Literary Borrowing from Jerome’s Letter to Eustochium and Others in the Life of Blessed Bernard of Tiron by Geoffrey Grossus
    (pp. 125-146)
    Ruth Harwood Cline

    In discussions of medieval hagiography, the Life of St Bernard of Tiron by Geoffrey Grossus hardly looms large.¹ Yet, there are some striking literary borrowings in this life that deserve attention in their own right because they shed some new light not only on the ways in which contemporary hagiographers used their literary inheritance to facilitate their own writing but also on another way in which contemporaries were rethinking gender categories as they applied to the religious life.

    Bernard was a reformed Benedictine prior, abbot of two monasteries – one wealthy and the other impoverished – a hermit, and a wandering preacher.²...

  12. 8 Acting Out Friendship: Signs and Gestures of Aristocratic Male Friendship in the Twelfth Century
    (pp. 147-164)
    Rebecca L. Slitt

    Aristocratic men in the Anglo-Norman period experienced a constant intersection of personal and political relationships. Alliances, treaties, oaths of fealty, and many other political interactions were consistently framed in terms of friendship, while friendship, in turn, was governed by the same kind of orderly rules and standards as other political relationships. This regularity has led many scholars, such as Brian McGuire,¹ Huguette Legros, and Paul Hyams,² to treat friendship as an institution in its own right, on par with those of government and religion, and carrying, as Legros puts it, a ‘juridical’ status of its own.³ People in the central...

  13. 9 The Quantification of Assarted Land in Mid- and Late Twelfth-Century England
    (pp. 165-186)
    Mark Gardiner

    One of the major themes in English landscape history in the period between the Domesday survey and the opening of the fourteenth century has been the story of the clearance of woodland, the drainage of marshlands, and the colonization of the uplands. This theme emerged as a key concept under the influence of the work of Wilhelm Abel and M.M. Postan. They argued that the response to the inexorable rise of population in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was to extend the frontiers of cultivation into previously unoccupied lands.¹ Much work on this subject was undertaken in the 1950s and...

  14. 10 Origins of Courtliness after 25 Years
    (pp. 187-216)
    C. Stephen Jaeger

    This article offers a review of the reception of my bookThe Origins of Courtlinessand a survey of research in the area of courtly culture since its appearance in 1985. It developed from a session at Kalamazoo 2009, which was originally proposed very generously by Stephen Carey and Scott Pincikowski to ‘celebrate my contributions’ to scholarship in medieval studies. I suggested instead a session devoted to a critical discussion ofOrigins, which has in the meantime turned twenty-five. The purpose of the session was not to be celebratory but to test critically the ideas that book proposed, now so...

  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 217-217)