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Journal of Medieval Military History

Journal of Medieval Military History: Volume VI

CLIFFORD J. ROGERS
KELLY DeVRIES
JOHN FRANCE
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 170
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt7zssvv
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  • Book Info
    Journal of Medieval Military History
    Book Description:

    This sixth volume continues the journal's tradition of providing a wide range of scholarly studies, covering topics as diverse as Carolingian war-horse breeding, late-medieval Spanish methods of war-finance, the interface between military action and politics at the end of the Hundred Years War, and the tactical methods of Cuman warriors. A key feature of the journal is its commitment to fostering debate on the most significant issues in medieval military history, and that tradition too continues with the new volume, with a study of the relationships between communal horsemen and footsoldiers in High Medieval Italy having significant implications for the dispute over the importance of infantry before the fourteenth century. There is also an important article by Richard Abels dealing with the contrasting `cultural determinist' and `scientific' approaches to understanding the mindset of medieval warriors, and the existence (or not) of a `Western Way of War'. CONTRIBUTORS: RICHARD ABELS, CARROLL GILLMOR, ALDO A. SETTIA, GREGORY D. BELL, RUSSELL MITCHELL, DONALD J. KAGAY, CHRISTOPHER ALLMAND.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-649-6
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[iv])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [v]-[vi])
  3. 1 Cultural Representation and the Practice of War in the Middle Ages
    (pp. 1-31)
    Richard Abels

    Several years ago I was inspired by John Keegan’s provocative bookA History of Warfare(1993) to ask my students on their final exam to assess whether medieval warfare was “Clausewitzian.”¹ Over the years this evolved into a much broader question that required the students to weigh the merits of two competing approaches to the study of medieval warfare. The version that appeared on last semester’s final exam reads:

    There are at least two ways of understanding the history of war. The first is a “scientific” model of war that emphasizes unchanging principles of strategic conduct and inherent military probability....

  4. 2 The Brevium Exempla as a Source for Carolingian Warhorses
    (pp. 32-57)
    Carroll Gillmor

    During the Avar campaign in 791, an equine epidemic is reported to have destroyed ninety per cent of the horses in Charlemagne’s army, comprising Charlemagne’s own horses as well as those of his vassals, both cavalry mounts and pack animals. Fortunately, the breeding stock of the Carolingian army survived the epidemic because of their location far removed from Pannonia, the site of the epidemic. Even to begin the process of replenishing the lost animals entailed a lengthy period of eleven months, the gestation time for horses. It would take even longer – some three years – to raise and train...

  5. 3 Infantry and Cavalry in Lombardy (11th–12th Centuries)
    (pp. 58-78)
    Aldo A. Settia

    The patarene leader Erlembaldo, anticipating an action between twocittadinefactions in June 1075, first prepared “cavalry, and infantry assigned to the transport of assault ladders, supplies and diverse kinds of war machines” and then prepared in secret “crossbowmen, slingers, and ladders 20 cubits high fitted with iron at their bases so that they could stand by themselves.” When the moment of battle arrived, the leader, “wearing splendid armor, mounted a bay horse, grasped the banner” and theatrically took out his beard from under the armor “in order to arouse greater fear,” then threw himself first upon the enemy. Too...

  6. 4 Unintended Consumption: The Interruption of the Fourth Crusade at Venice and Its Consequences
    (pp. 79-94)
    Gregory D. Bell

    In the fall of 1202, the soldiers of the Fourth Crusade and their Venetian allies sacked the Christian city of Zara instead of sailing directly to fight Islam in the east. The crusaders owed a substantial debt to the Venetians, who had prepared a large fleet to transport the soldiers and horses and organized provisions for the army. Historians have concluded that too few crusaders – somewhere between 10,000 and 12,000 of the anticipated 33,500 soldiers – arrived at Venice, which was the designated rendezvous for the gathering forces. Therefore, the crusaders agreed to a “diversion” to Zara in order...

  7. 5 Light Cavalry, Heavy Cavalry, Horse Archers, Oh My! What Abstract Definitions Don’t Tell Us About 1205 Adrianople
    (pp. 95-118)
    Russell Mitchell

    It is somewhat odd, given the amount of attention that has been paid to the military history of the Crusades, and the degree to which one is currently wary of using the words “decisive” and “battle” in the same sentence without seeming hopelessly antiquated, that the battle outside of Adrianople in 1205 does not seem to have attracted much attention. After all, most of the other “decisive battles” of the Crusades have certainly received ample consideration. One would think that it would receive more attention, given that it is also one of our relatively few clear battle descriptions of the...

  8. 6 War Financing in the Late-Medieval Crown of Aragon
    (pp. 119-148)
    Donald J. Kagay

    Medieval soldiers would agree wholeheartedly with the political maxim which had grown hackneyed by the time of the Renaissance in its assertion that “money constitutes the sinews of war.”² Medieval sovereigns often came to the painful conclusion that warfare required only three things: “money, more money, and yet more money;”³ they would also agree that its predictable end was the inexorable “increase in taxes.”⁴ To explore in very specific terms how these realities were managed by and simultaneously affected medieval sovereigns, this paper will focus on the family of realms of eastern Spain known as the Crown of Aragon during...

  9. 7 National Reconciliation in France at the end of the Hundred Years War
    (pp. 149-170)
    Christopher Allmand

    Among the problems most feared by any ruler in the medieval world – and later – was division among his subjects. A divided society, as Christ had proclaimed, could not long survive. Conflict was a threat to peace which every prince hoped to avoid.¹ It was for this reason that steps had long been taken, with mixed success, to ban and prevent private war in the lands over which French kings ruled; over centuries men came to accept that only the ruler might wage war with proper authority.² And, as if in conscious search of ways of resolving disputes when...

  10. Back Matter
    (pp. 171-171)