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The Haskins Society Journal 25

The Haskins Society Journal 25: 2013. Studies in Medieval History

Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 240
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 25
    Book Description:

    The essays collected here embody the Haskins Society's commitment to historical and interdisciplinary research on the early and central Middle Ages, especially in the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, and Angevin worlds, but also on the continent. Their topics range from the discovery of Bede's use of catechesis to educate readers on conversion, the discovery of an early eleventh-century Viking mass burial, and historical interpretations of Eadric Streona, to the development of monastic liturgy at Durham Cathedral, the Franco-centricity of Latin accounts of the First Crusade, and an investigation of Gerald of Wales' rarely considered Speculum duorum virorum. Contributions on the charters of the countesses of Ponthieu and Blanche of Navarre's role in military dimensions of governance explore the nature and mechanisms of female lordship on the continent, while others investigate the nature of kingship through close readings, respectively, of John of Worcester and William of Malmesbury and the Vie de Saint Gilles; a further chapter considers the changing image of William the Conqueror in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century French historiography. Finally, a study of Serlo of Bayeux's defense of clerical marriage, along with a critical edition and facing translation of his poem The Capture of Bayeux offers readers new insights and access to this often overlooked witness to Norman history in the early twelfth century. Contributors: Angela Boyle, Marcus Bull, Philippa Byrne, Jay Paul Gates, Véronique Gazeau, Wendy Marie Hoofnagle, Elizabeth van Houts, Kathy M. Krause, Charlie Rozier, Katrin E. Sjursen, Carolyn Twomey, Emily A. Winkler

    eISBN: 978-1-78204-338-6
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Editors’ Note
    (pp. ix-ix)
  5. Abbreviations
    (pp. x-xiv)
  6. 1 The Denis Bethell Prize Essay Kings as Catechumens: Royal Conversion Narratives and Easter in Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica
    (pp. 1-18)
    Carolyn Twomey

    The Venerable Bede dominates the historiography of early medieval England. His retrospective historical narrative, theHistoria ecclesiastica gentis anglorum,¹ remains the primary text used to investigate the English adoption of Christianity during the late sixth and seventh centuries. Recently, scholars have begun to explore Bede’s political biases and layered rhetorical language, namely, his use of biblical and classical tropes in his accounts of early English paganism² and his concerns for contemporary ecclesiastical reform,³ approaches that have challenged the reliability of Bede’s historical accounts of kingship in theEH.⁴ A direct examination of the conversion narratives of convert kings, however, reveals...

  7. 2 Death on the Dorset Ridgeway: A Viking Murder Mystery
    (pp. 19-34)
    Angela Boyle

    In June 2009, during an archaeological watching brief that formed part of the archaeological works for the new Weymouth Relief Road,² a mass burial containing the remains of a large group of decapitated individuals of late tenth- or early eleventh-century date was discovered at Ridgeway Hill, Dorset, England. Archaeological watching briefs regularly occur towards the end of large excavation programmes, often in areas deemed to have low archaeological potential. Almost as regularly, they are responsible for the discovery of highly significant sites. Skanska Civil Engineering, who undertook construction of the road on behalf of Dorset County Council, commissioned Oxford Archaeology...

  8. 3 The Historiographical Construction of a Northern French First Crusade
    (pp. 35-56)
    Marcus Bull

    This paper asks why there is a pronounced French, and more specifically northern French, dimension in the contemporary or near-contemporary historiography of the First Crusade. The phrase ‘northern French dimension’ is meant to draw attention to two overlapping but formally distinct aspects of the crusade’s narrative source base. The first is the simple but important fact that a substantial number of the authors of Latin accounts of the First Crusade in the first decades of the twelfth century, writing either free-standing narratives or portions of larger historiographical projects, were based in or came from northern France: these include Fulcher of...

  9. 4 The Warren Hollister Memorial Essay The Fate of the Priests’ Sons in Normandy with Special Reference to Serlo of Bayeux
    (pp. 57-106)
    Elisabeth van Houts

    Eleventh-century Western Europe experienced an upsurge of Church power as the result of the Church hierarchy seeking to implement a ruthless scheme to separate lay and ecclesiastical life.¹ Two issues, in particular, stood out for correction, simony and married clergy. Simony is the practice of buying and selling of ecclesiastical offices and churches. It was identified and forbidden in an attempt to wrest control over physical churches, their income, and their priests from the exploitation and influence of lay landholders. Similarly, clerical marriage, which had until then been widely practised, was prohibited, and clerics were told to set aside their...

  10. 5 Contextualizing the Past at Durham Cathedral Priory, c. 1090–1130: Uses of History in the Annals of Durham, Dean and Chapter Library, MS Hunter 100
    (pp. 107-124)
    Charlie Rozier

    This paper seeks better to understand the status and function of historical studies at Durham cathedral priory during the first quarter of the twelfth century. To do so, it examines the addition of annalistic entries to the Easter tables of one particular manuscript: Durham, Dean and Chapter Library, MS Hunter 100 (hereafter Hunter 100). After first situating these annals in relation to other forms of historiographical composition and study at Durham during the first quarter of the twelfth century I consider the links between this annalistic activity and other cognate areas of learning. This analysis reveals that these annals not...

  11. 6 Imagining Justice in the Anglo-Saxon Past: Eadric Streona, Kingship, and the Search for Community
    (pp. 125-146)
    Jay Paul Gates

    Initially depicted as a traitor and a villain during Cnut’s conquest of England in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, EadricStreonahas inspired those who have recorded his role in history to enumerate his many crimes, if not to attribute new ones to him, and to provide great detail to the scene of his execution.² After the Chronicle, there are seven eleventh- and twelfth-century accounts of Eadric’s story: theEncomium Emmae Reginae, Hemming’s Cartulary, John of Worcester’sChronicle, William of Malmesbury’sGesta Regum Anglorum, Henry of Huntingdon’sHistoria Anglorum, Aelred of Rievaulx’sGenealogia Regum Anglorum, and Geffrei Gaimar’sEstoire des Engleis. In...

  12. 7 England’s Defending Kings in Twelfth-Century Historical Writing
    (pp. 147-164)
    Emily A. Winkler

    The fourteenth of October 1066 conjures instant, powerful associations.¹ But how much of what we know or believe about the men involved in this conquest, and in the Danish conquest earlier in the eleventh century, has been shaped by what historians wrote years later in the twelfth century? My present object is to illuminate the consistent historical agendas of two twelfth-century writers: William of Malmesbury² and John of Worcester.³ In comparing their narratives of two eleventh-century defending kings, Æthelred II and Harold II, I aim to show that William and John share a view of royal responsibility not found in...

  13. 8 Taming the Wilderness: The Exploration of Anglo-Norman Kingship in the Vie de Saint Gilles
    (pp. 165-186)
    Wendy Marie Hoofnagle

    In the two decades between assuming the throne of England and the compilation of the Domesday Book in 1086, William the Conqueror brought several large tracts of land under the purview of royal control and established the notorious Forest Law,¹ which existed, outside the common law, to protect the king’s interests. In response to the Forest Law and the New Forest in Hampshire in particular (referenced for the first time in the Domesday Book asNova Foresta) contemporary accounts from theAnglo-Saxon Chronicleand later historians such as John of Worcester and Orderic Vitalis decry the king’s arrogant presumption and...

  14. 9 Instructing the Disciples of Nero: The Uncertain Prospects for Moral Education in Gerald of Wales’ Speculum duorum
    (pp. 187-204)
    Philippa Byrne

    The Angevin court in the late twelfth-century was not an auspicious place to compose aspeculum principis. The experiences – and thwarted plans for moral reform – of a number of well-known authors bear out this contention. Seeking to exhort his prince to a truly just reign,c. 1159, John of Salisbury addressed his ambitiousspeculum principisPolicraticus– to Henry II’s chancellor, Thomas Becket. John’s advice was based upon the conviction that the king who founded his reign on justice would bring peace to theregnum.¹ Yet John spent much of the subsequent decade decrying the injustice and...

  15. 10 Weathering Thirteenth-Century Warfare: The Case of Blanche of Navarre
    (pp. 205-222)
    Katrin E. Sjursen

    In 1218, an artilleryman known only by his first name, Nicholas, received 39livresfrom Blanche of Navarre, countess of Champagne, whom he had served during her struggles to maintain the county of Champagne for her under-age son, Count Thibaut IV.¹ Both the payment and its purpose – to compensate Nicholas for the loss of his equipment as well as to help him defray the costs incurred during the return to his home land – reveal his status as a mercenary.² The same financial account also records a payment made for sending an army out for twenty-seven days,³ as well...

  16. 11 The Charters of the Thirteenth-Century Inheriting Countesses of Ponthieu
    (pp. 223-244)
    Kathy M. Krause

    Found appended to a genealogy in Latin of the counts of Boulogne, at the end of a thirteenth-century manuscript now in the municipal library in Arras (Arras, Bibliothèque Municipale, 163), five stanzas of an Old Frenchplanctusdeplore the death of the countess of Boulogne.² Although the poem does not name the specific countess whose loss it laments, it most likely refers to Mathilde II, daughter of Ide de Boulogne and Renaud de Dammartin, both because her second husband, Alfonso of Portugal, is the last count mentioned in the list of the counts of Boulogne that precedes the poem, and...

  17. 12 Imagining the Conqueror: The Changing Image of William the Conqueror, 1830–1945
    (pp. 245-264)
    Véronique Gazeau

    The most recent biographies dedicated to William the Conqueror by David Douglas, Paul Zumthor, Michel de Boüard, and David Bates, as well as by Mark Hagger, have offered a vision of the duke of Normandy and king of England that is the fruit of research that we have confidence is scholarly.² Yet if our present tools for the historical criticism of documentary sources render the works of the historians of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries without practical value, they are nonetheless indispensable as elements of the historiographical elaboration of the Conqueror. This article therefore seeks to understand the context...

  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 265-265)