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Fifteenth-Century Studies Vol. 31

Fifteenth-Century Studies Vol. 31

Edelgard E. DuBruck
Barbara I. Gusick
Founder: Edelgard E. DuBruck
Consulting Editor: William C. McDonald
Copyright Date: 2006
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 236
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt7zstx8
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  • Book Info
    Fifteenth-Century Studies Vol. 31
    Book Description:

    Fifteenth-Century Studies offers essays on diverse aspects of the period, including liberal and fine arts, historiography, medicine, and religion. The standard survey of drama research leads off the present volume. Ten essays follow, involving France, Spain, Germany, England, and Finland. Essays deal with love poetry, laughter and manhood in Jehan de Saintré, a new dating of Sir Gawein and the Green Knight, German eschatological theater, portrayals of Christ's healing of the lame man on the York stage, translation during the Middle Spanish period, the end of the persecution of witches, and late medieval executioners. Book reviews and an index of volumes 21 through 30 conclude the volume. Contributors: Edelgard Dubruck, William Calin, Rocio Del Rio Fernandez, Leonardas Gerulaitis, Barbara Gusick, Sibylle Jefferis, Judy Kem, Hannele Kemettilä, Lynn T. Ramey, Carolyn King Stephens Edelgard E. Dubruck is Professor Emerita at Marygrove College, Detroit, Michigan, and Barbara I. Gusick is Associate Professor at Troy State University Dothan.

    eISBN: 978-1-57113-793-7
    Subjects: Language & Literature, History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[iv])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [v]-[vi])
  3. Essays

    • The Current State of Research on Late-Medieval Drama: 2004–2005: Survey, Bibliography, and Reviews
      (pp. 1-30)
      Edelgard E. DuBruck

      This article is a regular feature of “Fifteenth-Century Studies.” Our intent is to catalogue, survey, and assess scholarship on the staging and textual configuration of dramatic presentations in the late Middle Ages. Like all such dated material, this assessment remains incomplete. We shall therefore include 2005 again in the next listing. Our readers are encouraged to bring new items to our attention, including their own work. Monographs and collections selected for detailed review will appear in the third section of this article and will be marked by an asterisk in the pages below.

      Noticeably, the books, collections, and articles devoted...

    • Intertextual Play and the Game of Love: The “Belle Dame sans mercy” Cycle
      (pp. 31-46)
      William Calin

      In rereading Alain Chartier’sLa Belle Dame sans mercy(1424) and its epigonous cycle of poetic responses, I was left with questions about rather than answers to various problems. Chartier’s work and the series of poems it engendered are rich, complex creations, with regard both to form and subject matter or, as I may phrase it, narratology and doctrine. Grounded in the social and literary conventions of the late Middle Ages, these texts offer a field of inquiry to the literary critic and the historian, yet anyone analyzing these areas must also be versed in the cultural development. Contemporary approaches...

    • Hans Sachs’s “Tragedy of the Last Judgment” (1558): Eschatological Theater in Germany
      (pp. 47-56)
      Edelgard E. DuBruck

      Hans Sachs, playwright of tragedies and carnival comedies, and author of songs, a Mastersinger of Nürnberg, was quite prolific and inventive. Barbara Könneker points out that most of Sachs’s plays were written between 1550 and 1560; that Sachs was the first German playwright to use acts and the expressiontragedy, and to add a list of actors at the end of his pieces.¹ HisTragedia mit 34 personen, des jün[g]sten gerichtes, auss der schrifft uberal zusammen gezogen, comprises seven acts, altogether 1,871 verses in rhymed couplets. Despite an impressive corpus of literary criticism on Sachs’s oeuvre, insufficient scholarly attention has...

    • La traducción en el siglo XV: herramientas de trabajo, procedimientos, técnicas y métodos
      (pp. 57-69)
      Rocío del Río Fernández

      La presente comunicación tiene por objeto de abordar el estudio de los instrumentos, procedimientos, técnicas y métodos empleados por los traductores medievales peninsulares y no peninsulares del siglo XV para transvasar textos de una lengua a otra. La razón que ha motivado la redacción de este trabajo ha sido la escasa información que se conoce a este respecto. El punto de partida lo constituye la afirmación efectuada en 1985 por el medievalista Peter Russell en su obraTraducciones y traductores en la Península Ibérica (1400–1550): “Con sólo la excepción de Enrique de Villena, es poco lo que nos dicen...

    • Doctor Johann Weyer (1515–88) and Witchcraft
      (pp. 70-79)
      Leonardas Vytautas Gerulaitis

      Witchcraft, the exercise of supernatural powers, such as magic, sorcery, and satanism, is based on a belief in separate powers of good and evil, a conviction found in ancient pagan cults and in religions, including Gnosticism and Zoroastrianism. In the western civilizations the range, imagery, and iconography of demonology, sorcery, and witchcraft were shaped essentially by the Middle Ages. First mentioned in theCanon Episcopi(c. 900), witches were believed to fly at nighttime — an assumption condemned by theCanon. Sorceresses perverted by the Devil became part of the universe of Thomas Aquinas, who believed that evil resulted from...

    • Christ’s Healing of the Lame Man in the York Cycle’s “Entry into Jerusalem”: Interpretive Challenges for the Newly Healed
      (pp. 80-105)
      Barbara I. Gusick

      TheEntry into Jerusalemplay performed in late-medieval York depicts a representative selection of Christ’s miracles, most strikingly his healings of the physically impaired. As Christ rides through the city on a donkey, a crippled yet ambulatory man approaches Jesus as a humble petitioner, seeking expungement of his malady but needing salvation even more urgently.¹ One might say that the disabled man remains unremarkable, rendered invisible as he is within the crowd of well-wishers, united in jubilatory spirit; yet Jesus’ healing of him (as the latter moves forward) is nonetheless provocative. Because the lame man’s infirmity is starkly apparent —...

    • The German Collection of Saints’ Legends “Der Maget Krone” (1473–75): Contents, Commentary, and Evaluation of Current Research
      (pp. 106-122)
      Sibylle Jefferis

      Complete vernacular Bibles did not exist until the fifteenth century; yet, the spiritual needs of the German populace had to be met much earlier. Devotional materials in German were indeed available as early as 1150, and, above all, edifying narratives of exemplary holy figures (c.1300), based on theLegenda aurea(c.1265 —legenda, a gerund meaning saints’ lives to be read). Legendaries, circulated orally and in written form (first in verse, then in prose), became popular among the laity, monks, and cloistered women, especially the legends of the Virgin, Anne, Catherine, Barbara, Dorothy, and Margaret. The present essay intends to...

    • “Malebouche,” Metaphors of Misreading, and the “Querelle des femmes” in Jean Molinet’s “Roman de la Rose moralisé” (1500)
      (pp. 123-143)
      Judy Kem

      Jean de Meun’s continuation of Guillaume de Lorris’sRoman de la Rose(a sequel containing questionable advice on love and a low opinion of women in general) was judged vulgar by contemporary critics. A literary debate developed in the early fifteenth century, a controversy which came to be known as theQuerelle de la Rose.¹ Although Christine de Pizan’s and Jean Gerson’s critiques of the romance and Jean de Montreuil’s, as well as Gontier and Pierre Col’s defenses of De Meun have been well documented in recent years,² the moralized version of the romance by the Rhétoriqueur poet and chronicler...

    • The Physiognomy and Mental Equipment of a Late-Medieval Hangman: A Chapter in Anthropological History
      (pp. 144-163)
      Hannele Klemettilä

      In late-medieval civilization the figure of the hangman was seen by contemporaries as closely linked with prevailing societal ideas of physical imperfection. The purpose of this article is to provide insight into these links and associations and explain their apparent rationale from the vantage point of how people thought about or observed their world. I have examined these aspects in depth in a recent monograph¹ and therefore present, here, some additional views and perspectives. First, I examine the significance of the hangman’s physical appearance in medieval society and discuss deviant bodily features typically used in representing and describing the figure.²...

    • Laughter and Manhood in the “Petit Jehan de Saintré” (1456)
      (pp. 164-173)
      Lynn T. Ramey

      Perhaps due to Julia Kristeva’s thesis onJehan de Saintrépublished in 1970,¹ or maybe thanks to Erich Auerbach’s mention of the work in his monumentalMimesis,² studies onJehan de Saintréare numerous, wide-ranging, and highly charged. The considerable criticism on this text written by Antoine de la Sale (between 1451 and 1456, and extant in ten manuscripts) marks the novel as a compelling and fascinating work positioned between two eras.³ Just as the text gravitates between two cultures often seen as distinct, the medieval and the early modern, so its eponymous hero moves between childhood and adulthood, changing...

    • The “Pentangle Hypothesis”: A Dating History and Resetting of “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
      (pp. 174-202)
      Carolyn King Stephens

      More than one hundred and sixty years ago, in 1839, Sir Frederick Madden presented the first translation of the Middle-English poemSir Gawain and the Green Knight (SGGK)to the Bannatyne Club of Edinburgh and dated it as having been written in the fifteenth century.¹ In doing so, he established the first paradigm of dating the poem, based upon observations he made when analyzing the Cotton Nero A.x. manuscript, paying heed to handwriting, illuminated capitals, and details of clothing — assessments still upheld in contemporary scholarship, as will be shown below. Madden’s paradigm was eventually dropped and replaced by a...

  4. Book Reviews

    • Bawcutt, Priscilla, ed. The Shorter Poems of Gavin Douglas, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Scottish Text Society, 2003. Pp. lxxxvii; 347. 2 b/w ill.
      (pp. 203-204)
      Roy James Goldstein
    • Chapuis, Julien, ed. Tilman Riemenschneider, c.1460–1531. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. 264, 9x11. 206 b/w ill. + 26 color.
      (pp. 205-208)
      Edelgard E. DuBruck
    • Giráldez, Susan. “Las Sergas de Esplandían” y la España de los Reyes Católicos. New York: Peter Lang, 2003. Pp. 113.
      (pp. 208-209)
      Ronald E. Surtz
    • Huot, Sylvia. Madness in Medieval French Literature: Identities Found and Lost. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. 224.
      (pp. 209-210)
      Leonardas Vytautas Gerulaitis
    • Nicholas, Nick, and George Baloglou, tr. An Entertaining Tale of Quadrupeds: Translation and Commentary. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. Pp. xiii; 557.
      (pp. 210-212)
      Edelgard E. DuBruck
    • Raymo, Robert E., and Elaine E. Whitaker, eds. The Mirroure of the Worlde: A Middle English Translation of “Le miroir du monde.” Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003. Pp. x, 644.
      (pp. 213-216)
      Kevin J. Ruth
    • Thomas, Jacques T. E., ed. and tr. Guernes de Pont-Sainte-Maxence, “La Vie de Saint Thomas de Canterbury.” Louvain-Paris: Peeters, 2002. 2 vols. Pp. 352 and 422.
      (pp. 216-218)
      Michelle Szkilnik
    • Weidmann, Pia Holenstein, and Urs L. Gantenbein. Nova acta paracelsica: Beiträge zur Paracelsus-Forschung. Neue Folge 17. Bern: Peter Lang, 2003. Pp. 141.
      (pp. 218-221)
      Edelgard E. DuBruck
  5. Index to Articles in “Fifteenth-Century Studies,” Volumes 21–30
    (pp. 222-230)
  6. Back Matter
    (pp. 231-231)