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Thirteenth Century England X

Thirteenth Century England X: Proceedings of the Durham Conference, 2003

Michael Prestwich
Richard Britnell
Robin Frame
Volume: 10
Copyright Date: 2005
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 240
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  • Book Info
    Thirteenth Century England X
    Book Description:

    This collection presents new and original research into the long thirteenth century, from c.1180-c.1330, with a particular focus on the reign of Edward II and its aftermath. Other topics examined include crown finances, markets and fairs, royal stewards, the aftermath of the Barons' War, Wace's ‘Roman de Brut’, and authority in Yorkshire nunneries; and the volume also follows the tradition of the series by looking beyond England, with contributions on the role of Joan, wife of Llywelyn the Great in Anglo-Welsh relations, Dublin, and English landholding in Ireland, while the continental connection is represented by a comparison of aspects of English and French kingship. Contributors: David Carpenter, Nick Barratt, Emilia Jamroziak, Michael Ray, Susan Stewart, Louise J. Wilkinson, Sean Duffy, Beth Hartland, Francoise Le Saux, Henry Summerson, Janet Burton, H.S.A. Fox, David Crook, Margo Todd, Seymour Phillips.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-434-8
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Robin Frame, Richard Britnell and Michael Prestwich
    (pp. ix-xii)
  5. The Meetings of Kings Henry III and Louis IX
    (pp. 1-30)
    David Carpenter

    Henry III and Louis IX met on five occasions, or, to put it more precisely, there were five periods during which Henry III was in France and they had meetings. These meetings illuminate the personalities, conduct and outlook of the two kings, and also the forms of symbolic and non-verbal communication about which Björn Weiler has written.¹ Study of the meetings also prompts reflection on the very different source materials available for the study of English and French history in this period and the very different ways they have sometimes been utilised by historians.

    Henry III and Louis IX had...

  6. Counting the Cost: The Financial Implications of the Loss of Normandy
    (pp. 31-40)
    Nick Barratt

    The loss of Normandy in 1204 should rightly be considered one of the most important events in British history, mainly because King John’s unprecedented financial activity in the subsequent decade was the main reason behind the political dissent that culminated in the formulation of Magna Carta. The charter’s financial significance cannot be overstated, as the restrictions it imposed on the crown’s ability to raise revenue shaped the political landscape for the remainder of the thirteenth century. Both major crises of the thirteenth century, namely the baronial reform movement from 1258 to 1265, and the opposition to Edward I from 1297,...

  7. Networks of Markets and Networks of Patronage in Thirteenth-Century England
    (pp. 41-50)
    Emilia Jamroziak

    The development of medieval markets and fairs is an issue of central significance in economic history and historical geography. The already complex marketing network in England was supplemented during the thirteenth century by a great increase in new grants. Traditional interpretations linked this development to the commercialisation of the English economy in that period and increased need for places to sell surplus and purchase supplies. More recently, historians have been taking into consideration the impact of political and institutional factors on the development of the markets and fairs network in this period. In addition, markets have been investigated as cultural...

  8. Three Alien Royal Stewards in Thirteenth-Century England: The Careers and Legacy of Mathias Bezill, Imbert Pugeys and Peter de Champvent
    (pp. 51-68)
    Michael Ray

    This paper, which arises from a study of the experiences of fourteen alien curial families in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, compares the careers and impact of three aliens who came to England in the thirteenth century and served as royal stewards.² Mathias Bezill (d. 1268) was steward of Queen Eleanor’s household from 1254 until at least 1261.³ Imbert Pugeys (d. 1263) acted as steward of the royal household from 1257 until his death.⁴ Peter de Champvent (d. 1303) not only served Edward I as steward from 1290 to 1292 but also was later promoted to the office of...

  9. The Eyre de terris datis, 1267–1272
    (pp. 69-80)
    Susan Stewart

    On 28 October 1267, William de Sutwell came before the justices de terris datis at Lewes in Sussex to complain that William de Detling was depriving him of his wardship of a carucate of land in Bodiam, which his father, also William de Detling, had appropriated during the recent civil unrest. William de Detling did not come to answer the complaint and was resummoned to be in court on 31 October, when he again defaulted; the wardship was taken into the king’s hand. After further non-appearances, it was adjudged that William de Sutwell should recover the wardship.

    William de Sutwell...

  10. Joan, Wife of Llywelyn the Great
    (pp. 81-94)
    Louise J. Wilkinson

    Within recent years, the pioneering research of Margaret Howell and John Carmi Parsons has brought into sharper focus the importance of personal and dynastic ties forged through marriage in shaping the fabric of thirteenth-century politics.¹ Together their work permits us to reconsider the question of women’s agency, in the light of some interesting models for female involvement in political life. Continually recurring themes are the roles played both by kings’ wives and by kings’ daughters as benevolent counsellors and intercessors with their husbands, fathers and sons, following the biblical examples of Esther and the Virgin Mary.²

    Although thirteenth-century English queens...

  11. Town and Crown: The Kings of England and their City of Dublin
    (pp. 95-118)
    Seán Duffy

    The city of Dublin, having started life in the ninth century as a Viking encampment, had been in evolution for over 300 years by the time of its conquest by the English on 21 September 1170. For much of the tenth century its rulers also ruled the city of York,¹ and it was minting its own coins, modelled on the Anglo-Saxon equivalent, by that century’s end.² In the early eleventh century there is some evidence of links with the Anglo-Danish empire,³ then a close if doomed partnership with the house of Wessex.⁴ The only visible effects of the coming of...

  12. English Landholding in Ireland
    (pp. 119-130)
    Beth Hartland

    The title of this paper derives from an AHRB research project currently under way at the University of Durham.¹ The primary purpose of the project is to establish as complete a record as possible of property-holding in Ireland by those who also held land elsewhere. A relational database (Figure 1) will be used to manage and store this information,² and it is planned that this database will be available on-line to allow interested parties to access data relating to particular individuals or particular landholdings in Ireland. Equally important to the project are the questions which will be asked of the...

  13. The Reception of the Matter of Britain in Thirteenth-Century England: A Study of Some Anglo-Norman Manuscripts of Wace’s Roman de Brut
    (pp. 131-146)
    Françoise Le Saux

    For students of literature and history alike, the rise in popularity of the Matter of Britain following the publication in 1135–8 of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britannie is an important and far-reaching phenomenon. Geoffrey’s work, which had initially met with some scepticism in scholarly circles (as may be seen from William of Newburgh’s virulent attack on its reliability), had by the end of the twelfth century attained academic respectability,¹ an acceptance reflected in the fortunes of Wace’s translation into French verse of the Historia Regum Britannie, the Roman de Brut, completed in 1155. Nowadays, the Roman de Brut...

  14. Fearing God, Honouring the King: The Episcopate of Robert de Chaury, Bishop of Carlisle, 1258–1278
    (pp. 147-154)
    Henry Summerson

    As bishop of Lincoln, according to Sir Richard Southern, Robert Grosseteste ‘was – far more effectively than the king could ever be – the ruler of about one fifth of the whole population of England . . .’.¹ It is the prerogative of great historians to pose challenges to their lesser successors, and what follows here is in effect a gloss on Southern’s observation. It investigates the workings of church government within a limited area – the diocese of Carlisle, one far smaller than Lincoln – over the period of a single episcopate. And it is concerned less with diocesan government per se than...

  15. Cloistered Women and Male Authority: Power and Authority in Yorkshire Nunneries in the Later Middle Ages
    (pp. 155-166)
    Janet Burton

    This paper seeks to investigate some of the issues associated with how medieval nunneries were governed, and the question of where power and authority lay within these institutions that were designed to accommodate women who wished to pursue a monastic vocation. Such questions are rather more complex than the same questions asked of male houses, where there was a clearly delineated structure of power and command, defined either in relation to an individual institution (by the Rule of St Benedict) or in relation to wider groupings of individual monasteries into orders. Recent scholarship has emphasized that we should not unquestioningly...

  16. Taxation and Settlement in Medieval Devon
    (pp. 167-186)
    Harold Fox

    A brilliant paper by William Hoskins, published in 1952 and entitled ‘The Wealth of Medieval Devon’, was the first perhaps to bring medieval lay subsidies to the service of local economic and social history. Beginning with a sidelight from his own personal view of state authority – ‘tax assessments usually make melancholy reading’ – he went on to analyse the returns for Devon from the lay subsidy of 1334, famous for its almost complete coverage of England, and then added some highly suggestive pages on fifteenth-century taxation and economic growth (which will not concern us here). He argued that Devon in the...

  17. Clipstone Peel: Fortification and Politics from Bannockburn to the Treaty of Leake, 1314–1318
    (pp. 187-196)
    David Crook

    Defensive structures called ‘peels’ are mentioned quite frequently in early fourteenth-century sources, in England, in connection with the building of castles in Wales after the conquest, and in the Scottish wars, when they were mostly used to strengthen major castles.¹ The Anglo-Norman French word pel means a stake, and seems to have been extended to describe fortifications in which palisades made up of stakes were a major component.² It is certain that wood played the major part in their construction, and the one moved from Newcastle to Roxburgh in 1334, for example, was apparently made entirely of wood.³ The more...

  18. Royal Patronage and Political Allegiance: The Household Knights of Edward II, 1314–1321
    (pp. 197-208)
    Alistair Tebbit

    By 1321 the company of royal household knights that Edward II had created in the years after his defeat at the battle of Bannockburn had largely disintegrated. Instability and disloyalty are two striking features of the king’s knightly retinue in this period. Of the fifty-two household bannerets and knights retained by Edward in 1316, only eight were still members in 1322.¹ In total, twenty-five knights who served in the household between 1314 and 1321 ultimately fought against the king in the civil war. Many of these former royal adherents were leaders of the factions that emerged in armed opposition to...

  19. ‘Edward II’ in Italy: English and Welsh Political Exiles and Fugitives in Continental Europe, 1322–1364
    (pp. 209-226)
    Seymour Phillips

    During the years after 1320 many men suffered death in battle or by execution, others were condemned to imprisonment, while yet others made their escape from England, usually as political exiles or as fugitives from justice. There were many such exiles, and it is to some of them that this paper will turn first, but briefly, before finally concentrating on Edward II himself. Their stories were sometimes extraordinary, all of them were a product of the disturbed times in England, but they also illustrate in various ways the closeness and the complexity of the ties that existed between the kingdom...

  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 227-227)