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Goethe Yearbook 13

Goethe Yearbook 13

Edited by Simon Richter
Martha B. Helfer Book Review Editor
Series: Goethe Yearbook
Volume: 13
Copyright Date: 2005
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 256
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  • Book Info
    Goethe Yearbook 13
    Book Description:

    The 'Goethe Yearbook', first published in 1982, is a publication of the Goethe Society of North America and is dedicated to North American Goethe Scholarship. It aims above all to encourage and publish original English-language contributions to the understanding of Goethe and other authors of the 'Goethezeit', while also welcoming contributions from scholars around the world. This year's volume features a cluster of exceptional essays that shed new light on Goethe's 'Wilhelm Meister' novels and 'Faust', as well as fascinating articles on the early play 'Das Jahrmarktsfest zu Plundersweilen' and the poem "Ilmenau," Schiller's 'Die Räuber', and an essay that places Goethe's thought in relation to current debates about cosmopolitanism and postcoloniality. Engaging reviews of recent publications in Goethe studies round out the volume. Contributors include Eric Denton, Matt Erlin, Jaimey Fisher, Ingrid Rieger, Rainer Kawa, David Barry, Stephanie Dawson, and John Pizer. Simon J. Richter is professor of German at the University of Pennsylvania. Book review editor Martha B. Helfer is professor of German at Rutgers University.

    eISBN: 978-1-57113-738-8
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Presidential Address (December, 2004) Schiller vs. Goethe: Revisiting the Conflicting Reception Vectors of Heinrich Heine, Ludwig Börne, and Wolfgang Menzel
    (pp. 1-18)

    In the customary overview of German literary history, the reputations of Goethe and Schiller come into a contradictory relationship around the end of Goethe’s life, with Schiller for a time ranked in some quarters higher than Goethe on grounds of freedom, moral purity, and patriotism, at least up to the Schiller Centennial of 1859, after which they gradually come to be seen as complementary but with Goethe as, so to speak, the senior partner. The nonantagonistic relationship was already imaged in 1857 by Ernst Rietschel’s Goethe-Schiller monument in Weimar, where Goethe not only appears as the protective older brother but...

  4. Goethe’s Mixed Media: The Entertainers in Jahrmarktsfest zu Plundersweilern
    (pp. 19-52)

    With his own works, then and later, the early Goethe was famously cavalier, careless, forgetful, even incendiary. His autos-da-fé are the stuff of legend, and the unexpected reappearance of manuscripts like Satyros within his lifetime and, posthumously, of the Urfaust and Urmeister, seems equally phoenix-like and uncanny. A pronounced pattern of nonchalance and textual self-negligence indicates, among other things, a premedia approach to publishing in an age of pirating just on the cusp of the cult of celebrity. For those of us still wondering why Goethe went to Weimar, there might be a tell-tale clue here: a retreat into literary...

  5. Goethe’s “Ilmenau” and the Origins of the Aesthetic State
    (pp. 53-74)

    Goethe’s 1775 decision to move to Weimar met with skepticism on all sides. Father Johann Caspar Goethe was openly hostile to his son’s attachment to the insignificant statelet and its inexperienced duke, and peers wondered why the erstwhile champion of titanic individualism, the affluent citizen of a free imperial city, would willingly subject himself to the constraints of life as a court poet.¹ Many believed that his artistic career was over, and the marked decline in literary activity that characterized his first ten years in the duchy seemed to confirm their suspicions. Goethe was far from inactive during this period,...

  6. Familial Politics and Political Families: Consent, Critique, and the Fraternal Social Contract in Schiller’s Die Räuber
    (pp. 75-104)

    In act 1, scene 2 of Schiller’s Die Räuber, Roller, a member of the would-be robber band, responds to Spiegelberg’s recruitment plan with one of his own:

    So unrecht hat der Spiegelberg eben nicht. Ich hab auch meine Plane schon zusammengemacht, aber sie treffen endlich auf eins. Wie wärs, dacht ich, wenn ihr euch hinsetztet, und ein Taschenbuch oder einen Almanach, oder so was ähnlichs zusammensudeltet, und um den lieben Groschen rezensiertet, wie’s wirklich Mode ist?¹

    It might seem odd that a band that will shortly cast its social lot in favor of robbery, rape, and murder would consider professional...

  7. Paintings in Goethe’s Wilhelm Meister Novels: The Dynamics of Erecting and “Eroding” the Paternal Law
    (pp. 105-124)

    A picture is not just a textual ornament, and collecting is not just a matter of accumulating beautiful things. “This important theme [i.e., the art collection] in the symbolic texture of the novel [Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre] most probably occurred to Goethe in the autumn of 1793, as his mother began to break up the family home and to sell the objects familiar to him from his childhood, which he had seen for the last time on his way back from Mainz a few months before—among them his father’s pictures.”² The treatment of artwork in the novel not only provides...

  8. “Waldplatz,” “Wahlplatz”: Miszelle zur Golgatha-Konnotation einer Episode in Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre
    (pp. 125-130)

    Verschiedentlich ist die hypothese aufgestellt worden, in der Gestalt Wilhelm Meisters ließen sich Christus-Konnotationen finden.¹ (Allerdings ist diese Hypothese auch auf heftigen Widerspruch gestoßen.²) Ein Grund dafür, daß diese Konnotationen über lange Zeit nicht deutlicher sichtbar gewesen sind, liegt in einem Versehen, das der Hamburger Ausgabe (HA) an drei Stellen unterläuft.³ Es besteht darin, daß die Schreibung “Wahlplatz,” wie sie von der Weimariana⁴ tradiert worden ist, durch die Lesart “Waldplatz” ersetzt wird (226,38, 227,16 und 238,2). Zwar ist dieses Versehen von der Münchner (MA) sowie von der Frankfurter Ausgabe (FA) mittlerweile berichtigt worden; doch es lohnt sich, dem Fehler und...

  9. Shocks from a Sicilian Underworld: Gangi,“Gänge,” and a New Source for the “Mütter” in Goethe’s Faust
    (pp. 131-148)

    Every year, on the second Sunday of August,“la Sagra della Spiga,” or “the festival of the ear of corn” takes place in the small Sicilian town of Gangi.¹ The celebration is designed to foster a sense of ancient rural tradition and pays particular tribute to the myth of Proserpina and her mother Ceres, the Italo-Roman counterparts to Greek Persephone and Demeter. According to the myth, the rape of Proserpina by Pluto takes place at Enna, which is located today between fifteen and twenty miles south of Gangi and was in ancient times a centre for the worship of Ceres/Demeter. When,...

  10. “Feuer brennen blau”: Rethinking the Rainbow in Goethe’s Faust
    (pp. 149-164)

    Color as natural phenomenon and carrier of symbolic meaning fascinated Goethe from early on—both the effects of individual colors, as well as their relationships to one another as part of a system. But while the rainbow holds a central place in Goethe scholarship, the broader topic of the significance of colors in Faust has received remarkably little attention. The starting point of this investigation, therefore, is the shift from red flames to blue in the prologue to the Classical Walpurgisnacht. This shift poses a question about colors that has far reaching consequences for Faust.

    Erichtho’s introduction begins with sinister...

  11. Cosmopolitanism and Weltliteratur
    (pp. 165-180)

    With the demise of Soviet Communism and the concomitant intensification of cultural and economic globalization in the 1990s, the issue of cosmopolitanism has become a central topic in intellectual debates. There are many definitions of this concept, but common to all of them is a focus on the transcendence of national and regional perspectives. The cosmopolitan views the entire globe as her homeland, attempts to gain a purchase on ethical, artistic, political, and economic domains from an international rather than from a more localized vantage point. The cosmopolitan paradigm has existed at least since the advent of the Stoics, who...

  12. “Von jedem öffentlichen Wirken in Deutschland ausgeschloßen”: Ein Brief Ottilie von Goethes an Sarah Austin (4.Aug. 1840)
    (pp. 181-188)

    Der hier mitgeteilte, bisher unpublizierte Brief Ottilie von Goethes (1796–1872), geb. Freiin von Pogwisch, Schwiegertochter Goethes seit 1817, wurde 1999/2000 im Londoner Kunsthandel angeboten und befindet sich nun in Privatbesitz.¹ In der neueren ausführlichen Monografie von Karsten Hein² zu Ottilie von Goethe und ihren literarischen Beziehungen wird er nicht zitiert, wie überhaupt Sarah Austin dort wenig gewürdigt wird. Eine Auswahlbibliografie hole dies nach.

    Die englische Schriftstellerin Sarah Austin, geb. Taylor (1793–1867), war als die ‘englische Königin der Übersetzer’³ für den deutsch-britischen Kulturaustausch von nicht geringer Bedeutung. Ihre durchaus interessante Biografie beleuchten neuere Darstellungen unter dem Stichwort des Verborgenen.⁴...

  13. Book Reviews

    • Katharina Mommsen, Goethe’s Art of Living. Translated by John Crosetto, John Whaley, and Renée M. Schell. Victoria, BC: Trafford Publishing, 2003. 166 pp.
      (pp. 189-192)
      Elizabeth Powers
    • Astrida Orle Tantillo, The Will to Create: Goethe’s Philosophy of Nature. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2002. 241 pp.
      (pp. 192-195)
      William S. Davis
    • Robert D. Tobin, Doctor’s Orders: Goethe and Enlightenment Thought. Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Bucknell UP, 2001. 255 pp.
      (pp. 195-199)
      John A. McCarthy
    • Katharina Mommsen, Goethe und der Islam. Frankfurt am Main: Insel Verlag, 2001.
      (pp. 199-203)
      Ingrid Stipa
    • Dietrich Briesemeister and Harald Wentzlaff-Eggebert, eds., Von Spanien nach Deutschland und Weimar-Jena: Verdichtung der Kulturbeziehungen in der Goethezeit. Heidelberg: Winter, 2003. 365 pp.
      (pp. 203-205)
      Edward T. Larkin
    • Gert Sautermeister and Frank Baron, eds., Goethe im Exil: Deutsch-Amerikanische Perspektiven. Bielefeld:Aisthesis, 2002. 297 pp.
      (pp. 205-208)
      Jeffrey L. Sammons
    • Daniel J. Farrelly, Goethe in East Germany, 1949–1989: Toward a History of Goethe Reception in the GDR. Columbia, South Carolina: Camden House, 1998. 168 pp.
      (pp. 208-211)
      Jeffrey L. High
    • Robert J. Richards, The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 2002. 587 pp., 5 color plates, 39 halftones, 10 line drawings.
      (pp. 211-216)
      Horst Lange
    • Peter Brandes, Goethes ‘Faust’: Poetik der Gabe und Selbstreflexion der Dichtung. Paderborn: Fink, 2003. 298 pp.
      (pp. 216-218)
      Nicholas Rennie
    • Hans Joachim Kreutzer, Faust: Mythos und Musik. Munich: Beck,2003.187 pp.
      (pp. 218-221)
      Nicholas Rennie
    • Hellmut Ammerlahn, Imagination und Wahrheit: Goethes Künstler-Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, Struktur, Symbolik, Poetologie. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2003. 448 pp.
      (pp. 221-230)
      Ellis Dye
    • Joachim Berger, Anna Amalia von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach: Denkund Handlungsräume einer “aufgeklärten” Herzogin. Heidelberg: Winter, 2003. 679 pp.
      (pp. 230-232)
      Diether Haenicke
    • Claire Baldwin, The Emergence of the Modern German Novel: Christoph Martin Wieland, Sophie von La Roche, and Maria Anna Sagar. New York: Camden House, 2003. 262 pp.
      (pp. 232-234)
      Erlis Wickersham
    • Susanne Kord, Women Peasant Poets in Eighteenth-Century England, Scotland, and Germany: Milkmaids on Parnassus. Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2003. 325 pp.
      (pp. 234-235)
      Julie D. Prandi
    • Eleanor E. ter Horst, Lessing, Goethe, Kleist and the Transformation of Gender: From Hermaphrodite to Amazon. New York: Peter Lang, 2003. 210 pp.
      (pp. 236-237)
      Erlis Wickersham
    • Ulrich Marzolph, ed., Feen-Mährchen: Zur Unterhaltung für Freunde und Freundinnen der Feenwelt. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 2000. 331 pp.
      (pp. 237-239)
      Heather I. Sullivan
    • Michel Chaouli, The Laboratory of Poetry: Chemistry and Poetics in the Work of Friedrich Schlegel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2002. 290 pp.
      (pp. 239-241)
      Kelly Barry
    • Birgit Röder,A Study of the Major Novellas of E. T. A. Hoffmann.Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2003. xiv +193 pp.
      (pp. 242-244)
      Thomas L. Cooksey