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The Haskins Society Journal 12

The Haskins Society Journal 12: 2002. Studies in Medieval History

Volume: 12
Copyright Date: 2003
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 198
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 12
    Book Description:

    The latest volume of the ‘Haskins Society Journal’ presents recent research on the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, Viking and Angevin worlds of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. A set of articles explores aspects of Anglo-Saxon history, including the law of the highway, lordship formulas, royal succession in the ninth century, and the image of kinship under Edward the Confessor. Other contributions examine twelfth century historians, saints lives in Normandy and Iceland, relationships between religious houses and the laity in thirteenth century England, and eleventh century Angevin dispute resolution. This volume of the ‘Haskins Society Journal’ includes papers read at the 20th Annual Conference of the Charles Homer Haskins Society at Cornell University in October 2001 as well as other contributions. Contributors include DAVE POSTLES, JOHN GILLINGHAM, ALAN COOPER, THOMAS D. HILL, RICHARD ABELS, LYNN JONES, ASDIS EDILSDOTTIR, SAMANTHAT KAHN HERRICK, HENK TEUNIS, BERNARD S. BACHRACH.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-085-2
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Editor’s Note
    (pp. vii-vii)
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. viii-xii)
  5. 1 Religious Houses and the Laity in Eleventh- to Thirteenth-Century England: An Overview
    (pp. 1-14)
    Dave Postles

    R. de Gant omnibus ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum sit vobis me presentem fuisse ubi Gilbertus comes frater meus fecit diuisam suam in extrema egritudine sua coram hominibus suis qui presentes fuerunt et dedit Ecclesie Brid’ cum corpore suo in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam Burtonam cum omnibus suis pertinenciis . . . Hec omnia confirmauit eidem ecclesie cum libertatibus que sunt in Carta sua et precepit mihi sicut fratri suo et homini ut ego ad scribendum et ad sigillandum presens essem cum hominibus suis qui tunc erant cum eo et cum lecte essent carte de hiis coram nobis per consilium et...

  6. 2 Two Yorkshire Historians Compared: Roger of Howden and William of Newburgh
    (pp. 15-38)
    John Gillingham

    In this paper I hope to get a little further into the minds of two twelfth-century historians: Roger of Howden and William of Newburgh. And I shall try to do so not by using new insights derived from recent theoretical approaches – stimulating though such approaches sometimes are – but by old-fashioned Quellenkritik, the traditional methods characteristic of their nineteenth-century Rolls Series editors, William Stubbs and Richard Howlett. Howden and Newburgh are the two historians on whose evidence two twentieth-century historians – Warren Hollister and Tom Keefe – relied in their 1973 article ‘The Making of the Angevin Empire’ in order to sustain their...

  7. 3 The Denis Bethell Prize Essay The Rise and Fall of the Anglo-Saxon Law of the Highway
    (pp. 39-70)
    Alan Cooper

    In the 1250s, Richard of Glaston, a confessed thief, abjured the realm. As he left Northampton on the road southwards towards Newport Pagnell on the first leg of his journey to Dover and overseas, he was followed by some of the sheriff’s men. When they were clear of the town, these men seized Richard, dragged him off the king’s highway by the feet and beat him until he was near death. When questioned about this subsequently, the sheriff retorted that it was perfectly just to maltreat an abjurer who left the king’s highway.² What were the origins of so odd...

  8. 4 Consilium et Auxilium and the Lament for Æschere: A Lordship Formula in Beowulf
    (pp. 71-82)
    Thomas D. Hill

    Æschere is lamented at considerable length and in some detail in Beowulf, and since he is a character who never speaks and whose sole function is to die and eventually lose his head, one might wonder why an apparently peripheral character merits such extended attention. If his actual role in the narrative of the poem is marginal, the lament for Æschere is carefully structured, and, as I hope to show, ideologically significant. Æschere, for those readers who might need to be reminded, is the sole victim of Grendel’s mother’s raid on Heorot, a raid undertaken to revenge the death of...

  9. 5 Royal Succession and the Growth of Political Stability in Ninth-Century Wessex
    (pp. 83-98)
    Richard Abels

    Domestic politics could prove even more dangerous than war to an eighth-century Anglo-Saxon king.¹ The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle’s tale of the death of King Cynewulf of Wessex is a case in point. After a reign of almost thirty years, Cynewulf fell victim to the vengeance of a discontented West Saxon noble, the brother of his deposed predecessor. In 786 he was ambushed and murdered in an attempted coup d’état. The killer, Cyneheard, and eighty-four of his supporters were then slaughtered by the late king’s household warriors in what one might call an unsuccessful Dark Age ‘election’. The throne of Wessex passed...

  10. 6 From Anglorum basileus to Norman Saint: The Transformation of Edward the Confessor
    (pp. 99-120)
    Lynn Jones

    We are familiar with the image of Edward the Confessor as presented in the Bayeux Tapestry: old, frail and fading fast (figure 1). Familiar too is the later version of Edward, such as that seen in the fourteenth-century Wilton Diptych – still old, but now imbued with sanctity.¹ But what of other conceptions of Edward? In the following pages I explore the transformation of the visual and textual expression of Edward’s rule (1043–66) through the reign of Henry II (1154–89). I argue that during his lifetime Edward appropriated foreign iconography and ideology in order to equate his rule with...

  11. 7 St Þorlákr of Iceland: The Emergence of a Cult
    (pp. 121-132)
    Ásdís Egilsdóttir

    The year 2000 was a year of celebrations in Iceland marking the 1000th anniversary of the adoption of Christianity. The conversion in Iceland is believed to have taken place in 999 or 1000 in the reign of King Ólafr Tryggvason of Norway and fully confirmed in the reign of his successor Ólafr Haraldsson, whose sainthood was acknowledged soon after his death in 1030. Several sources contain information about the process of Christianisation in Iceland, the oldest being the Book of the Icelanders (Íslendingabók) by Ari Þorgilsson from 1125–30. The book is a concise history of Iceland from the beginning...

  12. 8 Reshaping the Past on the Early Norman Frontier: The Vita Vigoris
    (pp. 133-150)
    Samantha Kahn Herrick

    Hagiographers writing in early Normandy did not always remember the evangelization of their region as an easy task. Sometimes they portrayed Christianization as effected by saints employing example, persuasion, miracle and even force among a people reluctant to believe. Such authors did not shy away from this troubling memory; in fact, they chose this version of the past deliberately.

    The Vita Vigoris represents one example of this larger trend.² This text relates the deeds of an early saint, the bishop and ostensible evangelizer of Bayeux in the days of the Merovingian kings.³ The life recounts his struggles to render the...

  13. 9 The Appeal to Original Status in the Angevin Region (Eleventh-Twelfth Centuries)
    (pp. 151-164)
    Henk Teunis

    In the cartulary of the abbey of St. Serge – which is situated near Angers – there is this simple notice:

    When Geoffrey, nicknamed Curtus, the son of Odo of Blaison, had become a knight, he wrongfully claimed the lock at Ecouflant, and the monks did not allow this situation to endure very long; the earnest requests of his brothers Johannes and Hugo, and of other friends of his, persuaded him to make a quitclaim. He did this in the chapter of St. Serge on 4 kalendas Januarii in the hands of abbot Bernard. The abbot and the monks then gave him...

  14. 10 Dudo of St. Quentin as an Historian of Military Organization
    (pp. 165-186)
    Bernard S. Bachrach

    Modern scholars have long considered the early eleventh-century author Dudo of St. Quentin, to have been a failure as a historian.¹ This judgment has been rendered because Dudo’s De Moribus et Actis primorum Normanniae ducum (sometimes referred to by scholars as Gesta Normannorum) is filled with inaccuracies.² Dudo’s failure to get the facts right is believed by many scholars to have been intentional for the most part. It is argued that apparently Dudo cared little or not at all about setting out in an accurate manner the details of the political narrative that he constructed.³ It is clear, nevertheless, that...