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Journal of Medieval Military History

Journal of Medieval Military History: Volume VII: The Age of the Hundred Years War

Volume: 7
Copyright Date: 2009
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 186
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  • Book Info
    Journal of Medieval Military History
    Book Description:

    This seventh volume of the Journal of Medieval Military History has a particular focus on western Europe in the late middle ages, and specifically the Hundred Years War; however, the breadth and diversity of approaches found in the modern study of medieva

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-738-7
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)

    • 1 The Military Role of the Order of the Garter
      (pp. 1-11)
      Richard Barber

      The wars of Edward III have been intensively studied from the point of view of military strategy, personnel and commissariat in recent years, against a trend that has treated the fourteenth century as an unfashionable period of history. The reign of Edward III has suffered from a reaction to the over-adulation of Edward as one of the heroic English kings, and from the twentieth-century liberal historian’s dislike of nationalism and aristocracy. Edward III’s court and its culture has both nationalism and nobility in spades; the same is true of the subjects of my article, the personnel who made his military...

    • 2 The Itineraries of the Black Prince’s Chevauchées of 1355 and 1356: Observations and Interpretations
      (pp. 12-37)
      Peter Hoskins

      There are detailed itineraries for the Black Prince’s chevauchées in France in 1355 and 1356 which culminated in the battle of Poitiers. The itinerary and events for 1355 were recorded by Geoffrey Le Baker in his Chronicon. He was most probably a clerk writing for his patron Sir Thomas de la More, an Oxfordshire knight. He is believed to have died between 1358 and 1360. The record for 1356 is attributed to a monk called Thomas of Malmesbury Abbey writing in his extensive history, Eulogium Historiarum, covering the period from the Creation to 1366. There is a continuation to 1413,...

    • 3 The Chevauchée of John Chandos and Robert Knolles: Early March to Early June, 1369
      (pp. 38-56)
      Nicolas Savy

      The chevauchée conducted by John Chandos and Robert Knolles in the spring of 1369 is known to us, in its broad outlines, through the account of it presented by Jean Froissart in his chronicles.¹ The details, the military objectives, and the tactics of this operation, however, remain less than clear. Historians have shown little interest in it. Guillaume Lacoste, in the brief narrative contained within his monumental Histoire générale de la province de Quercy,² often contradicts both Froissart and the archival documents regarding the chronology of the operation, which proves that he did not devote sustained attention to the campaign....

    • 4 “A Voyage, or Rather an Expedition, to Portugal:” Edmund of Langley’s Journey to Iberia, June/July 1381
      (pp. 57-74)
      Douglas Biggs

      With the words printed in the quotation above, the English chronicler Thomas Walsingham began his brief description of the journey of Edmund of Langley, Earl of Cambridge, to Portugal.² The earl, at the head of a polyglot expeditionary force that included English, Castilian, Gascon, and Portuguese elements, set sail from the Devonian ports of Plymouth and Dartmouth on 22 June 1381, bound for Lisbon and eventually the Portuguese frontier with Castile. This force was sent to Iberia as part of John of Gaunt’s grand strategy to make good his claim to the Castilian throne. The vessels that carried Edmund of...

    • 5 The Battle of Aljubarrota (1385): A Reassessment
      (pp. 75-103)
      João Gouveia Monteiro

      The Battle of Aljubarrota, which took place on 14 August 1385 near the village of São Jorge in central Portugal, some 100 km north of Lisbon, was one of the most important events in Portuguese history. It also played a significant role in the Iberian Peninsula as a whole, because it brought the kings of Portugal and Castile (both called John I) face to face, ultimately guaranteeing the independence of the small kingdom of Portugal. Furthermore, less than 30 years after the Battle of Poitiers (1356), Aljubarrota became another example of the ingenious use of the English tactical style that...

    • 6 “Military” Knighthood in the Lancastrian Era: the Case of Sir John Montgomery
      (pp. 104-126)
      Gilbert Bogner

      In the summer of 1449, Sir John Montgomery lay dying, probably at his fortified manor house at Faulkbourne, Essex. As many people do when they near the end, he may have reflected on his life and what he had achieved. He was a knight, the pinnacle of status among those of his social stratum. He was a well-respected member of the county community in both Essex and Hertfordshire, having represented the latter in the parliament of 1426 and served later in his life as a JP in both shires. He would leave his wife and children an estate comprising landed...

    • 7 Medieval Romances and Military History: Marching Orders in Jean de Bueil’s Le Jouvencel introduit aux armes.
      (pp. 127-134)
      Matthieu Chan Tsin

      The Hundred Years War opposed England and France for over a century and produced some of the most dramatic military changes of the time. Such great changes did not go unnoticed and an abundant literature, dealing directly or indirectly with warfare, was produced in the late fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Thus, there is much original material to be read about warfare in that period of history. In exploring the field of medieval military history, it would be a great mistake to exclude from research-efforts romances written by men such as Jean de Bueil which can at times contain quite a...

    • 8 Arms and the Art of War: The Ghentenaar and Brugeois Militia in 1477–79
      (pp. 135-146)
      J. F. Verbruggen

      During his reign as Duke of Burgundy, from 1467 to 1477, Charles the Bold raised a standing army that consisted of Companies of Ordinance in which the nobles as heavy cavalry formed the primary arm and were supported by infantry and artillery. Charles the Bold and his standing army were defeated twice by the Swiss in 1476, in Grandson and Murten. On 5 January 1477 at Nancy a powerful force of Swiss played a significant role in the third defeat of the duke. Charles the Bold was killed there. As at Grandson and Murten the army of the duke was...


    • 9 Accounting for Service at war: the case of Sir James Audley of Heighley
      (pp. 147-167)
      Nicholas Gribit

      The military retinues that formed the Plantagenet armies during the first phase of the Hundred Years War (1337–60) were raised during a period of transition in terms of the methods of recruitment used and the means by which they were administered.¹ The focus of this article is a document that illustrates the difficulties of determining the payment due to soldiers of various ranks in the earlier part of the war and other variants of military organization such as duration of service, shipping and travel to points of muster, amongst other things, for service on an expedition not led by...

    • 10 The Black Prince in Gascony and France (1355–57), According to MS78 of Corpus Christi College, Oxford
      (pp. 168-176)
      Clifford J. Rogers

      In 1928, Victor H. Galbraith noted that there is much valuable information to be gleaned from the unpublished variants and continuations of the Historia Aurea of John of Tynemouth, the Polychronicon of Ranulph Higden, and the various forms of the Brut chronicle (French, Latin and English), and that “it is difficult to see how it can be printed except in disjointed extracts.”¹ In support of this observation, Galbraith published several such extracts, including two taken from the first of two independent Brut continuations in MS78 of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Although this work continued to 1377, Galbraith considered the portion...

  5. Journal of Medieval Military History Volumes I-VI
    (pp. 177-186)
  6. Back Matter
    (pp. 187-187)