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Thirteenth Century England XIII

Thirteenth Century England XIII: Proceedings of the Paris Conference, 2009

Janet Burton
Frédérique Lachaud
Phillipp Schofield
Karen Stöber
Björn Weiler
Volume: 13
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 192
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  • Book Info
    Thirteenth Century England XIII
    Book Description:

    Additional editors: Karen Stöber, Björn Weiler. The articles collected here bear witness to the continued and wide interest in England and its neighbours in the 'long' thirteenth century. The volume includes papers on the high politics of the thirteenth century, international relations, the administrative and governmental structures of medieval England and aspects of the wider societal and political context of the period. A particular theme of the papers is Anglo-French political history, and especially the ways in which that relationship was reflected in the diplomatic and dynastic arrangements associated with the Treaty of Paris, the 750th anniversary of which fell during 2009, a fact celebrated in this collection of essays and the Paris conference at which the original papers were first delivered. Contributors: Caroline Burt, Julie E. Kanter, Julia Barrow, Benjamin L. Wild, William Marx, Caroline Dunn, Adrian Jobson, Adrian R. Bell, Chris Brooks, Tony K. Moore, David A. Trotter, William Chester Jordan, Daniel Power, Florent Lenègre.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-943-5
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xi)
    Janet Burton, Frédérique Lachaud, Phillipp Schofield, Karen Stöber and Björn Weiler
    (pp. xii-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xviii)
  7. Political Ideas and Dialogue in England in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
    (pp. 1-10)
    Caroline Burt

    In the years between the start of the twelfth century and the end of the thirteenth, ideas about kingship developed significantly across Europe and new forms of political dialogue emerged. To this, England was no exception.¹ While what follows is a reminder of England’s historical integration with Europe, most importantly it discusses the way in which widely shared ideas merged with local, in some ways very distinctive, traditions and circumstances to produce a particular political dialogue within England. At the beginning of the twelfth century, many ideas about kingship were well established. First, it was accepted that the king had...

  8. Peripatetic and Sedentary Kingship: The Itineraries of John and Henry III
    (pp. 11-26)
    Julie Elizabeth Kanter

    The itineraries of the thirteenth-century English kings have not yet been given the attention they merit. Little in the way of thorough research has been produced beyond the compiling of the actual itineraries themselves. These compiled itineraries are of particular importance as it is only in the thirteenth century that the royal itineraries become complete enough to enable a detailed study to be undertaken. King John is the first English monarch whose travels can be followed on a near daily basis. This paper sets out to examine the itineraries of King John from 1199 to 1216 and of Henry III...

  9. Peter of Aigueblanche’s Support Network
    (pp. 27-40)
    Julia Barrow

    Peter of Aigueblanche, bishop of Hereford between 1240 and 1268, was one of Henry III’s leading diplomats and one of his hardest-working and longest-serving supporters.¹ It is true that his reputation has never recovered from his work towards the Sicilian scheme, for the funding of which he dreamed up the idea of getting the richer English abbeys to provide void schedules (in other words, sealed blank pieces of parchment, the medieval equivalent of blank cheques), and which of course proved to be a disastrous failure and a bottomless hole for mid-thirteenth-century English finances.² Matthew Paris hardly ever mentioned Peter without...

  10. A Captive King: Henry III between the Battles of Lewes and Evesham, 1264–5
    (pp. 41-56)
    Benjamin L. Wild

    In 1242, the earl of Leicester, Simon de Montfort, quipped that his brother-in-law and monarch, King Henry III of England, should be locked up like Charles the Simple.¹ Recalling these words, the aphorism ‘ever a true word is spoken in jest’ comes instantly to mind, for some twenty years later, Henry III did become a prisoner, and Simon de Montfort was his jailer. For a period of fifteen months, between the crushing defeat of the royal army at Lewes on 14 May 1264, and Montfort’s brutal murder at Evesham on 4 August 1265, Henry III lost control of his seal,...

  11. The Conflictus inter Deum et Diabolum and the Emergence of the Literature of Law in Thirteenth-Century England
    (pp. 57-66)
    William Marx

    The Conflictus inter Deum et Diabolum is a medieval Latin text whose principal subject is the theological doctrine of the Redemption of human kind, the central doctrine of Christianity.¹ The Conflictus is known to survive in three manuscripts, all of English provenance. The earliest manuscript, Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 1398, is described as written in a ‘charter hand of the thirteenth century’ which is one piece of evidence for locating the Conflictus to the thirteenth century and therefore making a discussion of the text and the issues it raises appropriate for this volume. The other two manuscripts are dated...

  12. Prosecuting Ravishment in Thirteenth-Century England
    (pp. 67-82)
    Caroline Dunn

    Three ravishment allegations from thirteenth-century court records tell very different stories. A 1208 record narrates the kidnapping (abductione) of the wife of Samson de la Pomerai in a case revealing the Latin antecedents for a modern criminal term.¹ A generation later, Maud daughter of Aylwine, came before justices at the Oxfordshire Eyre to complain of her rape (rapo) by Thomas of Fifield, who had violently deflowered her.² Here is a clear example of how the Latin rapo evolved into our modern English term for rape. Finally in 1290 Walter Lyppe instigated a civil lawsuit alleging that the priest Anselm of...

  13. John of Crakehall: the ‘Forgotten’ Baronial Treasurer, 1258– 60
    (pp. 83-100)
    Adrian Jobson

    On 2 November 1258, John of Crakehall’s appointment as treasurer of England was formally announced in a letter patent.² Chosen by the barons who had seized control of England’s government from King Henry III during the previous summer, he was to serve for almost two years before dying in office in September 1260.³ Exercising control over the exchequer, Crakehall was entrusted with the reformation of the king’s finances. Yet despite of the importance of his position within the reformist project, John has been largely overlooked by historians of the period. John Maddicott, in his biography of Simon de Montfort, mentions...

  14. Credit Finance in Thirteenth-Century England: The Ricciardi of Lucca and Edward I, 1272–94
    (pp. 101-116)
    Adrian R. Bell, Chris Brooks and Tony K. Moore

    The thirteenth century has been associated with a ‘commercial revolution’ and the beginnings of a money economy.² An important part of this was the increasing involvement of Italian merchant societies in trade and credit provision in Northern Europe and England.³ The Lucchese were among the first Italians to break into the markets of Northern Europe, via the fairs of Champagne and then to London.⁴ Lucca was famed for its silk industry and from the mid-1240s Lucchese merchants appear in the English sources as suppliers of silks and other fine cloths to the royal household, including members of the societas Riccardorum.⁵...

  15. (Socio) linguistic Realities of Cross-Channel Communication in the Thirteenth Century
    (pp. 117-132)
    David Trotter

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how communication across the English Channel functioned during (at least mainly) the thirteenth century. I shall inevitably go a little beyond this chronological limit, since there is often better evidence from later on. Within this fairly broad field of investigation, I will be concerned principally with communication and contact between England and France. Part of the reason for this is simply linguistic: once other countries, whether the Low Countries or Spain, Portugal, Gascony, or Italy, are involved, then clearly different languages come into play. A second reason for restricting myself to England...

  16. The Priory of Deerhurst and the Treaty of Paris (1259)
    (pp. 133-140)
    William Chester Jordan

    In my recent book on Westminster and Saint-Denis I draw attention to the importance of the resolution of what I called l’affaire Deerhurst in improving the atmosphere surrounding the final negotiations of the Treaty of Paris.¹ Here I want to expand on my remarks in the book. The status of the priory of Deerhurst had brought the bishop of Worcester and the monastery of Saint-Denis into conflict. The priory was located on the River Severn in the county of Gloucester and geographically (though not juridically) in the diocese of Worcester.² From its foundation it constituted an alien priory, that is...

  17. The Treaty of Paris (1259) and the Aristocracy of England and Normandy
    (pp. 141-158)
    Daniel Power

    This passage, adapted from Primat’s Gesta Ludovici Regis some time after the canonisation of Saint Louis in 1297, was copied in the early fifteenth century into one of the thirteenth-century cartularies of the Norman abbey of Saint-Évroult.² As well as showing the interest that late medieval Norman monks had in their Anglo-Norman past, the account reminds us that the peace of 1258–9 was concluded not only between Louis IX and Henry III, but also between their barons; an exceptionally large number of nobles are said to have accompanied the king of England to Paris.³ The active participation on the...

  18. Les traités de Paris des 22 et 23 octobre 1295: la fin d’un système politique nordique ou de l’intérêt de l’alliance norvégienne
    (pp. 159-172)
    Florent Lenègre

    The historiographical treatment of the Treaty of Paris, concluded on 22 and 23 October 1295 between the kingdoms of France, Scotland and Norway, has tended to relegate the Norwegian contribution to second place, privileging instead the Franco-Scottish agreement which established a durable alliance, the well-known ‘Old Alliance’. Taking this as our point of departure, we here attempt to reassess the Norwegian participation in the Treaty and to consider its potential significance for the French crown at the moment of its conclusion. In order to undertake this analysis, we need to re-establish the Treaty within its immediate temporal context and also...

  19. Back Matter
    (pp. 173-173)