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The Haskins Society Journal 20

The Haskins Society Journal 20: 2008. Studies in Medieval History

Volume: 20
Copyright Date: 2009
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 232
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 20
    Book Description:

    The latest volume of the Haskins Society Journal presents recent research on the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, and Angevin worlds broadly conceived, and includes topics ranging from the origins of Welsh law and the evidence for the development of the chivalr

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-730-1
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Editor’s Note
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Abbreviations
    (pp. ix-xii)
  5. 1 Buckets, Monasteries, and Crannógs: Material Culture and the Rewriting of Early Medieval British History
    (pp. 1-38)
    Austin Mason, Alecia Arceo and Robin Fleming

    We want to begin this article by discussing lacunae.¹ There are so many things we do not know about early medieval Britain. We have very little information, for example, on the beliefs, rituals and cultural practices of either pagans or early Christians in the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries, because only a handful of texts survive that describe these years and most of these are retrospective reconstructions rather than contemporary accounts. Our few texts, moreover, were written for an elite audience by men who lived a monastic life removed from secular society, and because of this the texts we do...

  6. 2 Punishing Bodies and Saving Souls: Capital and Corporal Punishment in Late Anglo-Saxon England
    (pp. 39-57)
    Nicole Marafioti

    The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Sutton Hoo is renowned for its prestigious seventh-century pagan burials, many of which were marked by mounds and accompanied by rich grave goods.² In the centuries after the cemetery was founded, however, the site was given over to another purpose: the execution and burial of criminals.³ While a number of these executions may have occurred in the generations immediately following the high status burials, judicial sentences continued to be carried out at Sutton Hoo through the eleventh century, with the prevalence of decapitated, mutilated, and shamefully buried bodies attesting to the increasing punitive powers of English...

  7. 3 Writing Latin History for a Lay Audience c. 1000: Dudo of Saint Quentin at the Norman Court
    (pp. 58-77)
    Bernard S. Bachrach

    Early in the 990s, the Norman ruler Richard I (d. 996) convinced Dudo, a canon of Saint Quentin, to write a history of the Norse who had settled in the western part of the French kingdom.² Much history, of course, had been written during the previous two centuries that treated the activities of the Vikings and their posterity. The stories that related the invasions of the regnum Francorum from Scandinavia, the Norse settlement in Rouen and in the other civitates of Lugdunensis secunda were well known, as were the military activities of others of their Viking brethren.³ This history, however,...

  8. 4 Between Neighbors and Saints: Waleran I of Meulan and the Allegiance of Lesser Lords in the Eleventh-Century
    (pp. 78-93)
    Samantha Kahn Herrick

    Waleran I, the feisty eleventh-century lord of Meulan, raised his own profile considerably by shifting his support among his more powerful neighbors, especially the count of Blois-Chartres, the king, and the Norman duke. In this strategy, Waleran typifies his ilk.² Yet much about him remains mysterious, particularly the reasons for which he assigned his loyalty to one party or another at given moments, and the reasons why he came to incline increasingly toward Normandy. Sources concerning Waleran are few and slender; he is generally overshadowed by his better known, late eleventh- and twelfth-century progeny, particularly his great-grandsons, the twins Robert...

  9. 5 Who Founded Durtal? Reconsidering the Evidence
    (pp. 94-109)
    Peter Burkholder

    Did Fulk III Nerra, count of Anjou (ruled 987–1040), establish a fortification at Durtal, as recounted by his grandnephew Count Fulk IV le Réchin (ruled 1067/8–1109)? If so, why is there no other evidence linking Fulk III with the site, and why does another version of events give sole credit to his son Count Geoffrey Martel (ruled 1040–60) for building a castellum there? For over a century, historians have grappled with this conflicting evidence for who founded this Angevin fortification sometime in the eleventh century. Some have opted for one founder over another but have provided no...

  10. 6 Robert Curthose: Ineffectual Duke or Victim of Spin?
    (pp. 110-140)
    Katherine Lack

    It has generally been accepted that in 1087 William the Conqueror allowed his eldest son Robert ‘Curthose’ to succeed to the duchy of Normandy only because he was constrained to do so, while the succession of his second surviving son, William ‘Rufus’, to the throne of England was a matter of choice. Contemporary attitudes to Curthose are held to be summed up in the words of Orderic Vitalis: ‘Duke Robert was weak and ineffectual. The whole province was in disorder … Duke Robert made no attempt to bring the malefactors to justice, and for eight years under the weak duke...

  11. 7 The Chivalric Transformation and the Origins of Tournament as seen through Norman Chroniclers
    (pp. 141-160)
    Dominique Barthélemy

    The period culminating in the eleventh century has bequeathed to us a range of narratives that describe the heroic deeds of noble young heroes who determinedly served their nation, lord, faith, or kindred. They fought for important and collective stakes of honor, interest, or both. If they died in battle, they were honored for their courage, and their death called for revenge. If they won, they gained valuable rewards: an enhanced status, an inheritance, a wife, a fief, glory. Such is the fate of the legendary Ingo described by Richer of Reims in his Histories; the same author also speaks...

  12. 8 An Internal Frontier? The Relationship between Mainland Southern Italy and Sicily in the ‘Norman’ Kingdom
    (pp. 161-174)
    Paul Oldfield

    In 1130, the Kingdom of Sicily was established by Roger II. This so-called ‘Norman’ kingdom has long been considered a model of medieval centralized government.¹ This reputation is especially impressive given that the region had no previous tradition of such government, and that it was formed from diverse regional entities that straddled the South Italian mainland and the island of Sicily and comprised an equally diverse range of ethnic and denominational groups: Normanno-French, Muslims, Greeks, Jews, and Lombards. While the power of Sicilian royal administration cannot be denied, it is now apparent that it did not cover all parts of...

  13. 9 ‘Hywel in the World’
    (pp. 175-203)
    Robin Chapman Stacey

    ‘Let us imagine ...’: thus begins Stephen Greenblatt’s acclaimed study of Shakespeare, Will in the World, from which I have quite obviously pilfered the title of this essay.¹ With these three simple words, readers are swept away into a version of the past that is at once completely plausible and yet, in its details, entirely hypothetical. Greenblatt’s ‘speculative’² biography takes us from the vilest of taverns to the glittering Elizabethan court, and from dangerously overcrowded theaters to the iciest and most solitary of marriage beds. Ironically, it is primarily the biographer’s own artistry that allows us to follow the Bard...

  14. 10 Prices, Price Controls, and Market Forces in England under Edward I c. 1294–1307
    (pp. 204-220)
    David S. Bachrach

    Historians have long debated whether participation by the ‘state’ in economic affairs in the West was characterized, at the extremes, by the imposition of a kind of ‘command economy’ or rather by its allowance of the free functioning of market forces. Because of the dearth of data that can be analyzed in a statistically significant manner, debates regarding economic affairs in the classical Greek and Roman worlds, Late Antiquity, the Carolingian empire, and its successor states up to Anglo-Norman England have often relied upon scattered pieces of pseudo-statistical information located largely in narrative sources. This rather thin corpus of information...

  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 221-221)