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The Haskins Society Journal 22

The Haskins Society Journal 22: 2010. Studies in Medieval History

Volume: 22
Copyright Date: 2012
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 224
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  • Book Info
    The Haskins Society Journal 22
    Book Description:

    This volume of the Haskins Society Journal continues its tradition of publishing the best historical and interdisciplinary research on the early and central middle ages in the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, and Angevin worlds. The topics of the essays range from legal influences on Alfred's Mosaic Prologue, judicial processes in tenth-century Iberia, and the ecclesiology of the Norman Anonymous to the nature and implications of comital authority in the eleventh- and twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm and conceptions of servitude in legal thinking in thirteenth-century Catalonia. The volume also embraces art history, with contributions on the medieval object as subject; the banquet scene in the Bayeux Tapestry; and there is a synoptic archeological exploration of early medieval Britain. Finally, an edition and translation of the 'De Abbatibus' of Mont Saint-Michel makes available in complete and reliable form an important witness to this Norman monastery's medieval past. Contributors: Thomas Bisson, Charlotte Cartwright, Martin Carver, Kerrith Davies, Wendy Davies, Paul Freedman, James Ginther, Stefan Jurasinski, Elizabeth Carson Pastan.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-859-9
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. vi-viii)
  4. Editor’s Note
    (pp. ix-ix)
  5. Abbreviations
    (pp. x-xiv)
  6. 1 Four Windows on Early Britain
    (pp. 1-24)
    Martin Carver

    Britain only became an island in around 8000 BCE, but since then it has made something of a profession of its insularity. Anglo-Saxon England has gone one better by making a separate country out of south-east Britain, an island within an island. Our own profession reflects this to some extent. The study of Anglo-Saxon England forms a subset of studies on early medieval Britain, and even these are further divided into the Christian and pre-Christian phases. In some ways this subdivision is an inevitable consequence of being confronted with materials in different ancient languages. But from an archaeological point of...

  7. 2 Violence, Penance, and Secular Law in Alfred’s Mosaic Prologue
    (pp. 25-42)
    Stefan Jurasinski

    King Alfred’s place in the literary history of Anglo-Saxon England rests largely on his ambitious if often extremely unfaithful translations of Latin texts. Their inaccuracies have only increased the interest with which they have been studied, as these are now widely understood as evidence for interference either from external textual influences or private beliefs and preoccupations.¹ While the effort to correlate Alfredian renderings of Latin texts with a determinate set of sources has become one of the most fertile areas of scholarly activity in the last several decades, this work has been confined primarily to texts such as his versions...

  8. 3 Summary Justice and Seigneurial Justice in Northern Iberia on the Eve of the Millennium
    (pp. 43-58)
    Wendy Davies

    Some time before late 943, the priest Adulfo killed a man called Leo in what is now northern Portugal.¹ He paid Leo’s family compensation (pectavi) for that homicide, but he did not have enough for the full compensation that was due. So the family took him for death (pro ad morte), and he came before his lord Assur Godesteoz and his wife. Adulfo asked the boni homines (worthies, elders) to intercede for him with the lord, requesting him to provide some capital (literally ‘send some stock’), so that he would be freed from the homicide, because he (Adulfo) did not...

  9. 4 Before She Was Queen: Matilda of Flanders and the Use of Comitissa in the Norman Ducal Charters
    (pp. 59-82)
    Charlotte Cartwright

    On 18 June 1066 Matilda of Flanders, the wife of William the Conqueror, was involved in the foundation of the abbey of La Trinité of Caen.¹ Her activity was recorded in the abbey’s foundation charter which gives the details of many grants made to the new abbey, and Matilda is described as acting in a variety of roles within it. Together with her husband William she made donations of land and gave her daughter Cecilia to the abbey as an oblate. She also independently donated her own land, purchased land on behalf of her foundation, interceded with others to influence...

  10. 5 A Feast for the Eyes: Representing Odo at the Banquet in the Bayeux Embroidery
    (pp. 83-122)
    Elizabeth Carson Pastan

    Odo is not just a subject in the medieval embroidery known as the Bayeux Tapestry;¹ he is also generally taken to be its patron. For this reason, the way in which the embroidery depicts Odo of Conteville, who was half-brother to William the Conqueror, bishop of Bayeux (1049/50–1097), and earl of Kent (1067–82), has been of great scholarly interest. Not only have scholars detected evidence of his efforts at self-aggrandizement in certain episodes of the embroidery,² but they have also assumed that his perspective on the Norman Conquest somehow influenced the portrayal of this event as a whole.³...

  11. 6 The Denis Bethell Prize Essay The Count of the Côtentin: Western Normandy, William of Mortain, and the Career of Henry I
    (pp. 123-140)
    Kerrith Davies

    In 1088, a wealthy but landless royal youth transformed his fortunes by acquiring, at the cost of most of his inheritance, a vast lordship in western Normandy. In 1140, a blind old man made the short crossing of the Thames from the Tower of London to Bermondsey Priory, there to live out his remaining days. Representing the opening and closing of a story of a rivalry, these two events provide an insight into both the politics of western Normandy at the turn of the twelfth century and that region’s place in the wider history of the Anglo-Norman world. Through studying...

  12. 7 Between Plena Caritas and Plenitudo Legis: The Ecclesiology of the Norman Anonymous
    (pp. 141-162)
    James R. Ginther

    The Norman Anonymous – written sometime between 1096 and 1106 in the cathedral city of Rouen – is a prime example of a medieval Latin text that is better known than read.¹ It is most commonly presented in accounts of medieval political thought as one of the more articulate statements about sacred kingship.² The unknown author constructed an ingenious argument that the Christian king is more an heir to Christ than a priest because the priest sacramentally represents only the humanity of Christ, whereas a king represents the divinity of Christ the King. Given the assumption in the medieval world that the...

  13. 8 On the Abbots of Le Mont Saint-Michel. An Edition and Translation
    (pp. 163-192)
    Thomas N. Bisson

    The Latin text labeled in its lone extant (medieval) source De abbatibus [Montis Sancti Michaelis] rubrica, although at first called cathalogus abbatum, is well known to historians. A capsule history of the abbots from the reform of 966 to 1445, it commemorated their challenges and achievements, notably in building and rebuilding, in successive anonymous entries. Yet the source of this useful record¹ long ago fell into oblivion, as if lost. The text is known and invariably cited from a seventeenth-century printing. And when this version is compared with its apparent source, the need of a new edition becomes clear. That...

  14. 9 Rural Servitude and Legal Learning in Thirteenth-Century Catalonia
    (pp. 193-208)
    Paul Freedman

    The growth of servitude in an expansive economic and legal climate is a thirteenth-century pattern not unique to Catalonia, but that principality shows particularly clearly the elaboration of ideas of liberty versus servitude. For the Iberian Peninsula, historians’ attention to social differentiation has been focused on conflicts among religious communities under Christian rule, especially the degree of autonomy or subjugation experienced by Jews and Muslims in the wake of the conquests of Andalucia by Castile and of Valencia by Aragon-Catalonia. Less work has been done on the definitions of free and unfree status developed behind the frontier and within the...

  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 209-209)