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The Reign of Henry IV

The Reign of Henry IV: Rebellion and Survival, 1403-1413

Gwilym Dodd
Douglas Biggs
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 260
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  • Book Info
    The Reign of Henry IV
    Book Description:

    Investigations of Henry IV's reign have tended to concentrate on how he seized power, rather than how he governed. However, the period between 1403 and 1413 was no less dramatic and challenging for Henry than the initial years of his rule: he faced a series of rebellions, a financial crisis, deep-seated opposition in parliament, ill-health and a number of serious dilemmas relating to foreign policy. The essays here examine, and provide fresh interpretations of, both these particular aspects, and of broader topics adding to our understanding and government and society in the period, including the role of the lower clergy in parliament, and the mechanisms and scope of royal patronage. Contributors: A.J. POLLARD, MICHAEL BENNETT, CHRIS GIVEN-WILSON, ANTHONY TUCK, HELEN WATT, MARK ARVANIGIAN, GWILYM DODD, A.K. MCHARDY, W. MARK ORMROD, DOUGLAS BIGGS, KATE PARKER

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-669-4
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
    Douglas Biggs and Gwilym Dodd
    (pp. xi-xiii)
  5. Genealogy
    (pp. xiv-xiv)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 1-8)
    A. J. Pollard

    In 2001 a group of scholars brought together in York by drs Gwilym Dodd and douglas biggs began a revaluation of the reign of Henry IV. The proceedings of that symposium were published two years later.² A similar group convened again at nottingham on 7–9 July 2006 to continue the revaluation. The earlier gathering focussed on the early, crisis-ridden years of the reign. While the focus of the nottingham symposium moved forward in time to encompass the whole reign, it nevertheless dwelt largely on the years in which the lancastrian dynasty struggled to establish itself. There are several linked...

  7. 1 Henry IV, the Royal Succession and the Crisis of 1406
    (pp. 9-27)
    Michael Bennett

    The reign of Henry IV is unique in the history of medieval england in one largely unregarded respect. From his accession until his death the first lancastrian king was understudied by a single heir apparent. In 1399 Henry of Monmouth, then approaching the age of discretion, was acknowledged as heir to the throne and given the title of prince of Wales.¹ In 1404 the earl of northumberland publicly swore an oath to be a faithful and loyal liege ‘to our said lord the king and to his eldest son my lord the prince, and to the heirs of his body,...

  8. 2 ‘The Quarrels of Old Women’: Henry IV, Louis of Orléans, and Anglo-French Chivalric Challenges in the Early Fifteenth Century
    (pp. 28-47)
    Chris Given-Wilson

    The chivalric challenge and its anticipated outcome, the individual joust or multiple combat, could serve a variety of purposes in the knightly world of the later Middle ages. often enough the underlying intention was far from hostile: chivalry, after all, was an ideal which could help to foster a sense of supranational brotherhood among the ruling classes of warring nations, and it was far from unusual for a tournament not merely to provide the opportunity for knights to display their prowess, win renown and impress ladies, but also to double as a forum for informal or preliminary diplomatic talks, as...

  9. 3 ‘On account of the frequent attacks and invasions of the Welsh’: The Effect of the Glyn Dŵr Rebellion on Tax Collection in England
    (pp. 48-81)
    Helen Watt

    These are the words of adam usk who provides a contemporary record of the rebellion of owain Glyn Dŵr, which broke out in 1400 and lasted for around nine years. His stark account of the problems posed to the english government by the rebellion emphasises its effect on taxation and even puts a figure on the amount of such revenue lost to the crown in 1404 from Wales as a result. an examination of any actual erosion of taxation claimed to have been caused by the effects of the revolt could reveal just how effectively the Welsh extended the war...

  10. 4 Managing the North in the Reign of Henry IV, 1402–1408
    (pp. 82-104)
    Mark Arvanigian

    On 25 September 1403, an urgent and quite revealing meeting of the king’s council took place within the precincts of Durham Priory. Chaired by Ralph Neville of Raby, earl of Westmorland and the king’s brother-in-law, the meeting was partly a post mortem on the failed Percy rebellion, culminating in the battle of Shrewsbury, and partly a planning session.¹ Westmorland himself had become, over the previous half-decade, a figure of great national importance; already possessed of a talent for service and sharp political acumen, his marriage to John of Gaunt’s daughter, Joan Beaufort, had brought him into the royal family and...

  11. 5 Patronage, Petitions and Grace: the ‘Chamberlains’ Bills’ of Henry IV’s Reign
    (pp. 105-135)
    Gwilym Dodd

    In the treatise on court ceremonial known as theRyalle Book, its author, possibly John Hampton, usher of Henry VI’s chamber, let slip a fascinating detail about court life under the first two lancastrian kings in the moments that were not dominated by formality, ceremony and etiquette. according to these reminiscences, after dinner, when Henry IV and Henry V did not ‘keep state’, they would have a cushion laid on the cupboard – or sideboard – of the Great Chamber, and there they ‘wold lene by the space of an houre or more to ressaue [receive] billis and compleynts off whomesoeuer wold...

  12. 6 Henry IV: The Clergy in Parliament
    (pp. 136-161)
    A. K. McHardy

    In the autumn of 1399 the english people deposed their king. They were old hands at this; not for the first, nor for the last, time, the english shocked their neighbours by the way they treated the lord’s anointed. It was because they were such experienced deposers that the english political class knew the correct formalities; how to construct the process so that it would have the maximum durability, and be least open to challenge. The moral is: if you want to know how to get rid of your ruler, ask an englishman. So we should pay particular attention to...

  13. 7 The Rebellion of Archbishop Scrope and the Tradition of Opposition to Royal Taxation
    (pp. 162-179)
    W. Mark Ormrod

    The rebellion of Richard Scrope, archbishop of York, in 1405 was an event of considerable significance in the political and cultural life of the city of York, of the north, and of the kingdom of england. Much of that significance, however, came after the event, through the development and management of a popular cult that commemorated an archbishop ostensibly martyred in the cause of ecclesiastical and political liberties. Rather than clouding our judgment of the short-term implications of the 1405 northern rebellion, the Scrope mythology that developed in the course of the fifteenth century can be taken as a significant...

  14. 8 An Ill and Infirm King: Henry IV, Health, and the Gloucester Parliament of 1407
    (pp. 180-209)
    Douglas Biggs

    The Gloucester Parliament that opened on 24 october 1407 is one of the most obscure of all the parliamentary meetings of the fifteenth century. not only did every contemporary english chronicler but one ignore the parliament and its outcomes, the only one who did mention the assembly, Thomas Walsingham, put its meeting in the wrong month: november; and in the wrong place: london.² Perhaps because of this dearth of comment by contemporaries the Gloucester Parliament has, as Chris Given-Wilson notes, never received a detailed study.³ nevertheless, the Gloucester Parliament has received at least passing notice by historians who have viewed...

  15. 9 Politics and Patronage in Lynn, 1399–1416
    (pp. 210-227)
    Kate Parker

    During World War II a manuscript book was unexpectedly returned to King’s lynn’s archives.² This volume had first been recorded among the town’s offi-cial papers in 1446 but by the nineteenth century, when the first systematic cataloguing of the archives was done and the first transcriptions and translations of their contents were published, it had disappeared.³ Still unpublished today, William asshebourne’s book comprises 129 folios of personal records andmemorandacompiled by lynn’s town clerk between 1408 and 1417.⁴ These years cover a time when the port experienced a period of protracted unrest which has interested many historians, not least...

  16. 10 The Earl of Arundel’s Expedition to France, 1411
    (pp. 228-240)
    Anthony Tuck

    Much of this paper is based upon the accounts of the Receivers-General of John the Fearless duke of burgundy, which are in the archives of the department of the Côte-d’or at dijon. This material has been well used by historians in the past. Some of it found its way, very indirectly, into J. H. Wylie’s account of the english expeditions to France in 1411 and 1412 in the fourth volume of hisHistory of England under Henry the Fourth. Françoise lehoux made extensive use of it in her monumental study of John duke of berry; while Richard Vaughan used it...

  17. INDEX
    (pp. 241-244)
  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 245-247)