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Managing Green Mandates

Managing Green Mandates: Local Rigors of U.S. Environmental Regulation

Pietro S. Nivola
Jon A. Shields
Copyright Date: 2001
Pages: 52
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  • Book Info
    Managing Green Mandates
    Book Description:

    Federal policies have made great progress protecting the environment. But the policies sometimes have imposed inordinate costs on local governments. Managing Green Mandates describes how various federal environmental directives do not suit diverse conditions at the local level, and compel local communities to spend their revenues on reducing relatively minor risks to the public health. While policymakers have thrown far-reaching requirements at the feet of local authorities, the federal government is providing them less aid to comply with the increasingly stringent standards. The burden of these underfunded mandates can further disadvantage many overtaxed municipalities. Pietro Nivola is a senior fellow in the Governmental Studies program at the Brookings Institution. He is the author of The Laws of the Landscape: How Politics Shape Cities in Europe and America (Brookings 1999). Jon Shields is a graduate student in the Department of Government and Foreign Affairs at the University of Virginia.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-9880-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Law

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan

    This volume is one in a series commissioned by the AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies to contribute to the continuing debate over regulatory reform. The series will address several fundamental issues in regulation, including the design of effective reforms, the impact of proposed reforms on the public, and the political and institutional forces that affect reform.

    Many forms of regulation have grown dramatically in recent decades—especially in the areas of environment, health, and safety. Moreover, expenditures in those areas are likely to continue to grow faster than the rate of government spending. Yet, the economic impact of regulation...

  4. Managing Green Mandates
    (pp. 1-42)

    Government policies to protect the environment in the United States have been largely successful. Twenty-five years ago, only a third of the lakes and rivers in the country were safe for swimming and fishing; today two-thirds are. Almost every toxic waste site was hazardous a quarter century ago; today one-third have been cleaned up. Scores of urban air sheds that were deteriorating in 1970 now are much improved: smog has declined by a third, even as the number of miles driven in motor vehicles has more than doubled; carbon monoxide levels have fallen by almost two-thirds; acid rain has diminished...

  5. Notes
    (pp. 42-52)
  6. Back Matter
    (pp. 53-53)