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Bluegrass Craftsman

Bluegrass Craftsman: Being the Reminiscences of Ebenezer Hiram Stedman Papermaker 1808--1885

Copyright Date: 1959
Pages: 250
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  • Book Info
    Bluegrass Craftsman
    Book Description:

    Ebenezer Hiram Stedman, whose lively reminiscences of antebellum Kentucky were written as a series of letters to his daughter, was one of the pioneer papermakers of the state. Stedman paints a vivid picture of the life of the numerous and thriving middle class who sought opportunity in the expanding economy of the new West. The vivid detail of Stedman's personal experiences is supplemented by a more formal account of early Kentucky papermaking.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6269-0
    Subjects: History, Business

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Introduction: In which the editors relate something of Ebenezer Hiram Stedman, papermaking in Kentucky, and the nature of the manuscripts herein published.
    (pp. ix-xxii)

    When Ebenezer Stedman, papermaker, wrote of people and incidents he remembered, he recorded an aspect of Bluegrass life not to be found in traditional accounts. If the memoirs of contemporary residents and the impressions of visitors are to be credited, Central Kentucky was peopled largely by Tidewater aristocrats or by great hunters. Tradespeople and craftsmen, who represented the largest portion of the residents of the Bluegrass, seldom caught the attention of any writer—certainly of none from their own ranks—until Stedman happened to write his memoirs.

    Stedman was by no means immune to the romance of the Bluegrass. From...

  4. 1: Being an account of my childhood in Massachusetts until the year 1815, including something about pirates, sea captains, and Napoleon.
    (pp. 1-7)

    My dear Daughter Sophy

    Yestarday was Mail Day & again i thank you for remembrance of your Father. I have bin thinking that as My Three Score years & ten, the time allotted to Man, in this life will Soon draw to a Close, For on the ll of next November i will, If alive, have arrived at 70 years of age, How much longer the hand of Providence Intends to Spare me to live is ondly known to him that has spared my unprofitable Life this far. when memory turns Back to As it ware its first start &...

  5. 2: Wherein my father goes to Kentucky and we, with great difficulty, follow him.
    (pp. 8-13)

    The last of 1814 or the first of 1815 my Father was Forman for one of the Largest Mills in the state. Thomas & James prentis, Bankers of Lexington, Ky, From what information i Do not Know, wrote a letter to my Father offring Great inducements to him to Come to Kentucky to Superintend the Building of a papermill at Lexington. He Excepted their proposals & started in the Spring of 1815 for Kentucky. Well Do i Remember the morning he Started. Daughter, when Len¹ Started for Texas you thought it a long way of But Mother & all of...

  6. 3: Here I describe my father, the factory, and our fine new home in Lexington 1816; some remarks also about our friends and our pastimes.
    (pp. 14-21)

    Father had heard we ware Comming. He met us on the Road & Such a Meeting of Mother & Children. She who had left the home of hur Childhood, Hur Brothers & Sisters, all that was Dear to meet him In this a far Distant land who She had not seen For one year. You Can better immagine the happy meeting than i Can Discribe. Father was then in the noon tide of Life Full of Joyous antisipation For the Future. The Sun of prosperity Shone Bright. He was looked upon as a man of more than ordinary Importance. Men...

  7. 4: Kentucky’s prosperity as a manufacturing state in 1815-1817; the failure of the Prentiss mill and its effect on my father’s character.
    (pp. 22-26)

    & I MIGHT Mention hear that Between 1815 & 1817 Lexington & Fayat County ware more prosperous Then they ware Ever Before, or Since. I will Start with the Cencus of 1811. For the Citty & County thare ware 9 Large tanyards producing A Large amount of Leather & most of it Consumed at home. The leather was well tanned, no three Days tannin. But it laid in Good white oak Bark Two or three years. Then the Shoe Maker had not learnt the art of working In paper instead of lether. No peggin machines To Peg on the Soal...

  8. 5: We and our papermaking friends move to Georgetown and take over historic Craig mill; more boyhood adventures, including school.
    (pp. 27-31)

    I now come to the time when we leave Lexington & Move to Georgetown which was in 1818. Hear i could give a history of the mill property that we moved to, But it Is not nisary. The house whare Brother Le lived and one other ware the ondly tenamous [tenement] Houses on the place when we moved from Lexington. Charles Prentic & Family & Samuel Fowler & family, Sam Brown & others followed. My Father was now in Possession of the geotown papermill property & hear i must Say, that he ought to have made money Very Fast. It...

  9. 6: How I earned a hat; some remarks about cruelty to beast and man, also about a jail break.
    (pp. 32-34)

    I will Relate now how i Earned the First Hat that i ever Bought. On the other side of the mill Dam oposite the paper mill, was a wool Carding Factory. In the Summer, it was run by horse power. A man by the name of Henry Pullum Rented the factory & employed me to drive the horses, attached to a horse power, As the motive power to Run the factory. He promised to pay me one dollar per month & Board at home. At the End of the month He gave me a wool hat worth one dollar. I...

  10. 7: Some words about squirrel migrations, but much more about my life as a lay boy and the manner in which paper was made by hand in 1822.
    (pp. 35-40)

    I must Relate that this year 1820 thare was a Great Emigration of Sqirrels From the other Side of the Ohio River.¹ Such immence numbers have never made Their appearance in Ky Since. Thare Could not Be a pound of Shot purchased in Geotown. They Destroyed manny fields of Corn intire. We Boys had Fun after them.

    This year a Man By the name of Denormandie From pensylvania Rented the papermill of W. H. Richardson So we had to move up into town. Father, Leander & myself went to work at the mill For him. My work was laying of...

  11. 8: In which I go with my father to paper mills in Ohio; a harrowing account of a battle of the War of 1812 and its effect.
    (pp. 41-48)

    IN THE SUMMER of 1822 the papermill Stopt for Watter. Father Concluded to take me & go to Ohio to work. If Ever a Boy Regretted to leave home i did. To leave home, & Mother, & Brothers, & sisters. It was two much. How i Beged & Cride But twas no use. I had to Go. Old Couglar¹ had sent His waggon to Georgetown to move a papermaker By the name of Webb & his Family to work in His papermill on the Little Miammi River 22 miles above Cincinati & sent word that he woold give imployment to...

  12. 9: I move to Mr. Couglar’s house and undergo persecution from a girl; I attend my first camp meeting.
    (pp. 49-52)

    Father Thought it Best for me to Bord with Him at old Couglars House. This house had Bin Built By a pensylvanian Duchman. He Came to Ohio Like Manny other Who had Left a Good home with Every Comfort The Heart Could Desire, But Not Land Enough For his Children. His name was Goldsmith. This house was two Storyes with a Long Ell Run out for Dining Room & Kitchen. In front of the Kitchen Dore was a fine well of Cold Spring Watter with the old Sweep & the old Moss Covered Bucket. Hear was the house whare your...

  13. 10: The story of our journey back Georgetown and our visit with a celebrated hunter.
    (pp. 53-66)

    It was now Some time in September And i was Begging Father to start home. Instead of Starting for home he quit work & Started for Milgrove, a place about Fifty miles of.¹ We walked it in a Day & half. We Staid thare 4 Days. The mill was not Doing much. But the hands Drank a great Quantity of Whiskey. It was a Beautiful Place, Rich Lands, Fine Farms, From thare we Came Back to Couglars & Staid 2 weeks, which Brot us in to the middle of october, when Father told me one Evning That we woold Start...

  14. 11: Horne again and thoughts about family affection.
    (pp. 67-69)

    Hear it is. Daughter, Do you Realize how you Little papa felt Jest at this Moment when he put his hand on the Gate To open & the next few Steps to nock on the Dore & then to hear once more the voice of Dear Mother? I Rap. Then i hear, “Who is thare?” That is Mother. I Speak. She new my Voice. But didnt She get up quick & the Dor open quick & Didnt She have me in hur arms quick. Home, Sweet Home again! [It is] Month[s] that have passed Since i Left home with So...

  15. 12: We make bank paper for the Commonwealth; Georgetown welcomes Andrew Jackson and James Monroe; we take over an old powder mill.
    (pp. 70-72)

    In November of this year the Mr. Denormandie The Man that i have Spoken of that had Rented the old papermill, he was Bording with Aunt prentis at the house whare Brother Le Dide. He was taken Sick & Dide Verry sudden. He had made Money verry Fast. He had Two half Brothers living with him. They Claimed all that he had & one of them Rented the old mill & as Soon as the watter Rose Commenced Making paper. Brother Le, Father & Myself went to work in the Mill. (I Should have mentioned the winter Before i went...

  16. 13: Herein I describe the visit of the illustrious General Lafayette, and particularly the victory of Mary Steffee.
    (pp. 73-76)

    I Recollect Sam & MySelf ware fishing under a Big oak tree one Evning on the other Side of Elkhorn In Sight of the geotown & Frankfort turn pike. We ware pulling out fish fast when we heard the Stage From Frankfort Comming. J tell you the Stage Coach was looked upon at that time with more intrest Than the Rail Road Car is at present. Evry Few Miles he, the Driver, woold Blow his Bugle & Some of the Drivers Could Blow them Fine. They had More Pride in Fine Coaches & fine teams than the Cariers Do now...

  17. 14: More about life in the little powder mill and “Tow Harvest” and Sam’s pranks.
    (pp. 77-78)

    Father & Brother Le & old sam Brown, Sam Stedman & EHS ware all the hands nesary to Run the Little Mill. Sam was Cook, in the Little Room we used as A Cook Room & Sleeping Department that i Have Mentioned as “tow-Harvest.” It had Bin Long used as a powder Room whare they Ground the powder after it had Bin mixed in the Mortars. Two large Hogheads ware placed on a Shaft. In these hogheads ware about a Bushel of Copper Balls, about the Size of musket Balls. The powder That looked like pounded Charcole ware Put into...

  18. 15: In which I become a potter—temporarily—and ring the bell for church services, and learn to know the Steffee family better.
    (pp. 79-80)

    At this time, the Beginning of 1825, My Memory Seem at a loss as to the Date of Sister Sophronias Mariage To John Steffee. In fact, i have No date nor anny transaction to Remind Me as to the time. I think that Father & Brother Run this little Mill that i have Spoken of till 1826 when they Abandoned the Mill. Brother Le went to Ohio to Work & i went to learn the potters trade with John Steffee. I Staid With him three years & during This time He was keeping House & i lived with him. I...

  19. 16: Which contains an account of my life in Lexington and how a ten-year-old girl deceived her father.
    (pp. 81-85)

    I Shall leave this part of my life till hearalter & will Say Something. Brother Leander Came home from Ohio & went to live in Lexington & work for Joseph Bruen in his wool Factory. I quit work or Rather Living with Steffee & went to Lexington to work for David Sears, afterwards the Lexington Banker.¹ My work was to Run the Carden Machine all night & Sleep in the Day, if i Could. But That was imposible. The factory was located on Market Street. My Sleeping place was a warehouse whare the Wool was kept. The great abundance of...

  20. 17: Being more about Lexington and its people, including John Bradford; also a description of Shin Bone Hotel and its inhabitants and their pranks.
    (pp. 86-97)

    While Working in Lexington, The Factory that I worked in was on Market Street, Running Back to Main to a front Building octupide By old John Bradford as a Printing office, the old Gasett office. He was the first printer That Established a paper in Ky., The Lexington Gasett. The picture on first page was the Post Boy, on his post Horse in full Speed with his post horn & the mail Bags & the Motto, “Hear Comes the Hearald of a Noisey Wurld, News from All nations, Lumbring at his Back.”¹ If i Mistake not the paper Was Commenced...

  21. 18: News about the death of two great men and an account of their funeral honors in Georgetown, for which I buy my first new coat.
    (pp. 98-100)

    This Summer in July, Georgetown had the Honnor of Paying Funeral Honnors to Two Great Men, John Addams & Thomas Jefferson. (I will hear give A Short acount of these Illusterious Men. John Adams was of Medium higth, Braud, muscular & strong. His head Was Broad, his Emotions Earnest & deep. He was Fiery and Forcible. He was a Man of tallent Among the Mighty men of 1776. He Was Born in Braintree, Massachusetts October the 30, 1735 And dide on July 4, 1826 aged 91 years. Thomas Jefferson Born in Virginia April 13, 1743. In 1775 he was Sent...

  22. 19: More papermaking, and at last my first journeyman work; a boardinghouse called “Cold Comfort,” and the beginning of love.
    (pp. 101-104)

    This Summer i worked about home helping Father make Sand paper, of which he Made a Considerable quantity. This Summer Brother Le had Started a Small Cardin Factory & i worked in that untill the Cardin Season was over. As soon As the warter Rose i went to work in the old Paper mill at Geotown again For Tom Garret. This i think Brings Me to 1827. I worked Through the winter & Spring. In the Summer Frank McDonal, an unkle of Will McDonald & My Self went to work at a Mill one Mile Below the Great Crossing. This...

  23. 20: Relating such matters as coffin handbills, railroads, a blind old mare, and a little more about love.
    (pp. 105-108)

    This Summer Polleticks Run high. You Could Se hand Bills Stuck up in Manny places with the Picture of Coffins on them in Referrence to the Men Jackson Had Shot.¹ Jackson had Extremely warm Friends & Bitter Enimyes. The party lines ware drawn Close.

    For More than two years we heard most Remarkable Storyes about Rail Roads. Some People Said that They had Seen Cariges drawn on a Rail Road by Steam. He was put down as a Munchawson. Another Said he had Road on a Coach that went so fast that he had to Breath Through a Brass tube...

  24. 21: At last I have my own business, though beginning on the bottom floor of poverty.
    (pp. 109-113)

    Mother in this year was in Lexington one day. She was well aquainted with Dr. William Richardson. He was asking hur about his Mill. She told Him i was taking Care of it. He was pleased to hear that i was. He told hur that if i woold Take Care of the Mill i Might Run it & he woold not Charge me anny Rent untill i felt able to pay him Rent for Same. When Mother Came Back & told me what Dr. Richardson Said i amediately Felt Poor & Rich. [I] Felt Poor Because i had no money,...

  25. 22: Herein I begin my life as a bandbox peddler with the aid of a hipshot old and a striped ancient wagon.
    (pp. 114-115)

    I worked day & night as the watter For the mill did not last more than Six month. I worked through winter & Spring & made Some Money. I Baught an old Mare that was Entirety Blind & hip Shot & a one horse waggon that had Bin used for Sevral years. I painted It up nice & in putting on the Stripes I did not put it on verry nice. The next day Mary Steffee was at the house & asked Mother what i let the Chickens Roost on My waggon for to Dirty it up So. But wasnt...

  26. 23: Being remarks about the character and actions of John Storms Stedman; also a of a militia muster.
    (pp. 116-122)

    As i said in my last letter speaking of Brother John Stedman that i wold have to Mention him Before i Got through with My history. God Bless my dear Brother, i love Him as a Brother & hope that them Trotters of His has Got well Before this time. How plain i Can See them little legs as i first Saw them on Vessel on long island Sound. Mother was Sea sick. I was the same. John i think enjoyed it. Two young to talk, But from the way that he handled them trotters when Mother asked Me to...

  27. 24: More adventures in peddling, including an attempted robbery, two runaways, and a “Yankee trick.”
    (pp. 123-129)

    I will now Return to Some of my pedling opperations. The Suxcess at the old Farmers gave me Encouragement & the gingle of Silver has its Charms & often Creates a desire for more. I Soon found By Experience that i Could Sell Manny other things Such as pins, needles, Buttons pencils & Manny things two tegious to Mention. I had made Two or More trips, had taken In a good purse of Money, & for fear of Being Robbed i took a Big dog allong. On this, My dog trip, i Concluded to go as far as winchester. Having...

  28. 25: I take some wrapping paper to Louisville and have my first taste of river life and rivermen.
    (pp. 130-135)

    It was now Getting late in the fall & i turned my attention to the old Mill again. I made My Home with Fathers family. Sam Stedman Had gorn to Cincinnati to Finish His Trade of Plane Maker. John Stedman had went to Lexington To Learn a trade. This winter i made all the paper i Could. I had plenty of Stock, But the Most of the paper I made i had to trade of for Groceries or dry goods. They, twas true. answerd my purpose. I paid my Hands of that way & to them it was as good...

  29. 26: Containing some thoughts on independence and happiness, and a description of Frankfort as I first saw it.
    (pp. 136-137)

    I Now Began to feel that i was some Boddy. I Rented a Room near the Court house & Commenced Keeping grocery or Rather the Grocery Kept itself. It was a Kind of Bank whare i paid for all the Hemp toe i Bought. I Soon had all the Negro Custom in County. Soon i had a Good Stock of tow & felt that a Kind providence gave me asistance. Thare was no one to Say, “Young Man, go on. If you need help call on Me.” In Memory of those days, i look Back & Find that this life...

  30. 27: Sam and I team up in business, each takes a wife; plans for a secret marriage and an explanation of the reason it; I am fooled.
    (pp. 138-144)

    This Fall of 1832 Sam Stedman had got maried in Cincinatia & Rote me a letter that he now felt the nesity of Setling down to some Business & he thought if i woold take him In Partnership we Could Make money together. Before he Received my letter, he Came home Bringing his wife. She was handson, verry small, I dont think She woold weigh one Hundread Pounds. We agreed to try what we coold do togeather. Heartofore, i had Rented nothing But the old mill; now we Rented the hole Place—the House Whare Brother Le lived & dide,...

  31. 28: We start keeping house; I work too hard.
    (pp. 145-147)

    I think one week after we ware maried we Commenced living at home. In a few weeks i Concluded to Commence Keeping House. Mary had some Furniture & i cannot Recollect How much. She had a good Cow which gave Planty of Milk. We Commenced Keeping House In the larde part of the House whare Brother Le lived and dide. His parlor was the Room we first lived in. This part of the House had the most Room, But no place to Cook. So i concluded to Build a fire Place in the Cellar, & By Building a flew To...

  32. 29: Our most important visitor, Mr. A. G. Hodges, who makes a momentous proposition—but cholera comes first.
    (pp. 148-153)

    I Mentioned that we ware Making printing paper & Selling it in Lexington. Col. Hodges of Frankfort Seeing Some of the paper was so well pleased with it that He Came up to geotown to make an Ingagement for paper. How plain I Can Se him now, looking with wonder at the First paper Mill he Ever Saw! He Seemed to take an intrest in us Both & observed that we looked quite young to be Engaged in Buisness & then Spoke of the Kendal property in Franklin County & held out Evry inducement For us to Come down &...

  33. 30: Long thoughts about our future, and we decide to buy the mill; we visit our future neighbors, who are skeptical.
    (pp. 154-157)

    We Got Back to geotown Some Time after dark after Spending a pleasant day & had manny a golly laugh at Storys Expense. Your dear Mother had Supper waiting For me & was anxious to hear what kind of A home i had Bin looking at for hur Future Home. I had made up my mind to Purchase the property & had to put the Best Foot formost & told hur the property was in Bad repair, But it Could Be Made a desirable Home. I did not induce hur to believe It was paridice. Sam Stedman was Rather discouradge...

  34. 31: Wherein we lay our plans, hire hands, and gather supplies and provisions; the importance of whisky and squirrels.
    (pp. 158-162)

    In the old house on the Hill, a man Jived Thare by the name of presly Neal. He had a Pach of Corn in the Bottom not far from The mill. He was a Kind of Rough Carpenter. So we imployed him as a Kind of boss in Building the dam. He said he had put up sevral Dams. He told us of the Best hands in The neighbordhood that we could get at Fifty Cnts Per day & Found. We made arrangement with Him to Be down the next Monday to commence Getting timbers For the dam. At home...

  35. 32: Farewell to Georgetown; our wives are unhappy, but we go ahead with the building.
    (pp. 163-166)

    In a Short time The watter Rose. We Started the Mill. Manny nights this winter your dear Mother wood Come to the Mill & Stay with me till 12 o’clock at night. This winter we Made Enough paper To pay all the debts mad in Summer [and to] pay the Rent of the Mill. Common print then Sold For Twenty-Five Cents per pound; Rags at Two Cents. Sam Stedman went down Sometime in February to Make arangements to Move. The place whare Judg Tompson lives Belong to A. W. Macklin. He had Baught it a Short time Before we Baught...

  36. 33: We sell our first paper and begin barter operations again; an account of workmen and the buildings we erected.
    (pp. 167-169)

    Our First attempt to Murchantdize was Some time late this fall. We kept our goods In an old Book Case, that Belong to Lawyer Haggin of Frankfort (the one they Called “the Said Haggin”)¹ at his death & among other things this old piece of Firniture was Sold at auction. Sam Baught It for one dollar 50 cents. This old case we used as a store Room. Small as it was i Sold manny a Bolt of Cotton & Callico out of it in Exchange for Rags & money. Soon this was Two Small for our increasing trade & we...

  37. 34: Stedmantown begins to bloom and to prosper; John Storms becomes a boat owner.
    (pp. 170-172)

    Dear Sophy, prehaps i am inclined to look on the dark side of Lifes picture, But the old Saying [is] “All’s well That Ends well.” The End of My Buisness life prehaps is in a Better Situation than thousands of others that have had Their millions & lost Home, Friends & [have been] Cast on the Cold Charity of this world. But i tell you Something of the new House & the new plank fence around the yard & orchard. The pare trees in the yard i dug up from a thicket on the old Moxley place whare James Martin...

  38. 35: Wherein we take our first trip from home and the family learn about the Pleasant Ohio; more prosperity at Stedmantown.
    (pp. 173-174)

    Sophy, you ware a good Child and much Comfort To your Mother. I think George was much trouble To you & Mother. He was alwais in a Bad humor, week and Sickly. I think it was this year that you made the First trip From home with papa, mama, and aunt Deborah to Madison, indianna, to visit Mr. Moris and Family. You Mother, nor Deborah, Had Seen their Sister Barbary Moris for a number of years. We left Frankfort in a Small Steam Boat. This was the first time you or your Mother or Deborah was on a Boat. They...

  39. 36: Relating the goings and comings and also marriages in the Stedmantown community.
    (pp. 175-178)

    Sophy, Mary Prentis Come down from Georgetown on a Visit. She Staid most of the time with Catherine Stedman. Jim Martin was Bordin thare. Hear they Got acquainted Kate was a Good one to Make Matches. I Recollect that i went with Jim to Georgetown to the wedding. We Rode Horse Back. The Roads ware verry Dusty. Jim had on his weddin suit of Cloth, in a few miles of Town, his horse stumbled and threw Jim over his head and he Rold over in the Dust and Such a time i had to Brush his Clothes. Aunt prentis was...

  40. 37: Silver trappings for harness and carriages; a tale of old Monsieur and a consideration of such matters as fishing and drinking.
    (pp. 179-184)

    We Began to feel that we Could afford Something nice to Ride in. A manafacture from Madison, Indiana Came to mt pleasant. I Suppose he had heard of us Through Mr. Moris. His Buisness was to Sell us Some of his Goods. Sam Baught a nice Buggy and I Baught a Silver Mounted Barouch. I tell you It was Some fine in them times. Your Dear Mother was much pleased with it. The Harness was Silver mounted. The first time we used It in a trip to Georgetown we made quite a Show. You may Easily Conceive what a talk...

  41. 38: The great deer hunt; also, a new chapter in the War of 1812.
    (pp. 185-194)

    In adition to Fish thare was plenty of Game of all kinds. The Country was not Fenced up. I Could Cross at Billy Churches and go to near Covinton on the Ohio River the Entire distance Through the woods, and not a Bush of under groath on the ground.¹ Near all of “Sweet Owen”² was all in timber. Large number of dear and wild turkeys Could Be found in ten Miles of mt pleasant. I never took But one deer hunt in owen County. I think that was in the Fall of 1836 or 37. Brother Sam was anxious to...

  42. 39: Relating some incidents in a baptizing, and other memories about our old hands at the mill.
    (pp. 195-198)

    As i have Spoke Something of the History of Jack Birchfield I must Say Something of Some of the others. Jack Herin was Born in Georgetown. His father was a Shoe maker. I Recollect in 1828 when William C. Buck, a Baptist preacher, was Holdin meetin at the Baptist Church thare Was a Revival of Religion in all the Churches in Geotown. Amounght them at the Baptist Church was Jack Herins Father. He was a little Chunkey old man. He looked like he had set on the Bench So long That he was Stove up. He was a Man that...

  43. 40: Some thoughts on the name and character of Anson Turner Stedman and, once again, those early days at Stedmantown.
    (pp. 199-203)

    But i dont Envy Brother Amlson. He has Bin a good Brother, was always Kind and Good, Was Born good. Father was in prosperous Buisness. The Great Manafacturing Establishment of James prentis and Company at Lexington under the Supenntendance of Father was doing an imence Buisness. Then it was the largest papermill in The west, the ondly mill that had atempted to Make Cap and letter papers of different Coulars and Finish. Mother had a good house, well Furnished, plenty of negro Survants. Money plenty. Under these Circumstances Brother was Born in Lexington, the Same day That a good man...

  44. 41: A word about the old doctors and their cures.
    (pp. 204-205)

    Manny things you woold like to question me about. You say, “Papa, what doctors had you in the neighbor hood?” When we first Come to mt pleasant, we Sent to frankfort For doctors. Thare was old Dr. Gale over in the Hills. For a long time Dr. Sharp of Frankfort had most of the Practice. Old Mrs. Olliver That lived in the neighborhood acted as Mid Wife. After Dr. Sharp, Dr. Sneed, old Dr Duvall. I dont think Dr. Hodges Ever had much practice altho Dr and Frank ware living in the place whare they dide when we Came. Dr....

  45. 42: Concerning the timber lands and how we used them; I end with a list of men I knew forty years ago.
    (pp. 206-210)

    Dear Sophy I wish you Could have Seen the Bright Scenery Surounding old mt. pleasant at this time. The Field this side of Jack Churches line on the Creek was Coverd with the original Forest, The Finest White ash and as you Come near the hill the Good Big Shade Shugartree, the glory and delight of the First poineers of Ky. No pen Can describe The Happy Meetins of the First Settler of Ky under the Sweets Shades of the Shugar Camp. Dear Sophy, My Mind Runs Back and i hear Col Cox and Squire wingate tell of old times....

  46. Appendix: Being a short history of the craft of papermaking in early Kentucky.
    (pp. 211-222)
  47. Index
    (pp. 223-226)