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Goebbels And Der Angriff

Goebbels And Der Angriff

RUSSEL LEMMONS
Copyright Date: 1994
Edition: 1
Pages: 184
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt130hxfw
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  • Book Info
    Goebbels And Der Angriff
    Book Description:

    The Berlin newspaperDer Angriff(The Attack), founded by Joseph Goebbels in 1927, was a significant instrument for arousing support for Nazi ideas. Berlin was the center of the political life of the Weimar Republic, and Goebbels became an actor upon this frenetic stage in 1926, becoming Gauleiter of Berlin's Nazis. Focusing on the period from 1927 to 1933, a time the Nazis later called "the blood years," Russel Lemmons examines howDer Angriffwas used to promote support for Nazism. Some of the most important propaganda motifs of the Third Reich first appeared in the pages ofDer Angriff. Horst Wessel, murdered by the German Communist Party in 1930, became the archetypal Nazi hero; much of his legend began on the pages ofDer Angriff. Other Nazi propaganda themes -- the "Unknown SA man" and the "myth of resurrection and return" -- made their first appearances in this newspaper. How could the Germans, seemingly among the most cultured people in Europe, hand over their fate to the Nazis? As this book demonstrates,Der Angriffhad much to do with the rise of National Socialism in Berlin and the cataclysmic results.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-4990-5
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-5)

    Scholars remain intrigued by the “totalitarian” regimes of the twentieth century, especially those of Germany and the Soviet Union. They have, for the past forty years, repeatedly tried to explain how the governments of Hitler and Stalin functioned and why they maintained so much public support in the face of the atrocities they committed. What is even more inexplicable is the fact that both the Nazis and the Bolsheviks seized power from governments that promised their citizens a great deal of personal freedom. Why did the German and Russian people willingly surrender the rights guaranteed by these governments and entrust...

  5. 1 The Berlin NSDAP before Der Angriff, 1920-1927
    (pp. 6-20)

    Chaos characterized the early history of National Socialism in Berlin. Promoted by the atmosphere of the capital after the revolution of November 1918, the party emerged as one of numerousvoelkisch(far right) groups determined to destroy the fledgling republic. Because of the fragmented nature of rightwing politics during this period, the origins of National Socialism in Berlin are extremely difficult to trace, but 1920 appears to be an appropriate point of departure. In that year, a chapter of the repugnant Jew-baiter Julius Streicher’s German Socialist Party or DSP (Deutschsozialistischen Partei) was founded in the capital city. The following year...

  6. 2 An Institutional History of Der Angriff 1927-1933
    (pp. 21-42)

    The establishment of a newspaper as a means of spreading Nazi propaganda in Berlin, although not a novel idea, gained a new urgency in the spring of 1927. Julius Lippert,Chef der Geschaeftstelle(chief of party headquarters) and later editorin-chief of DerAngriff (The Attack),recounted a meeting of the Gau leadership soon after the police outlawed the party. At the gathering held in the Gauleiter’s apartment, Goebbels developed the idea of publishing a weekly newspaper. This would not violate the terms of the prohibition. In addition to permitting the Berlin Nazis to continue their propaganda activities, the office of...

  7. 3 The Party, the Fuehrer Myth, and the Presidential Election
    (pp. 43-64)

    From the publication of its first issue in July 1927,Der Angriffplayed an important role in Nazi intra-party politics. Goebbels had founded his newspaper, in part, to enable him to undermine the Strassers’Berliner Arbeiter Zeitung.The Gauleiter simply could not tolerate its existence; a paper beyond his control was an affront to his position as leader of Berlin’s Nazis. Since Hitler had decreed that the National Socialist press could not publish personal attacks upon party members, Goebbels’s assault upon the BAZ and its publishers could not be made on the pages ofDer Angriff.He had to find...

  8. 4 The SA and Political Violence
    (pp. 65-88)

    Among the most dynamic and revolutionary organizations within the NSDAP was its paramilitary wing, the SA. This was the case on both the national and Gau levels. Propaganda work and political violence carried out by Nazi storm troopers played an important role in the rise of National Socialism in Berlin, and the pages ofDer Angriffmirrored this fact. The paper regularly contained entire columns dedicated to SA activities and political violence. The prominence of political violence on the pages ofDer Angriffwas the result of the confrontational atmosphere in Berlin. The city was the political center of Germany,...

  9. 5 Appeals to the Proletariat
    (pp. 89-110)

    Berlin was a working-class city. Of its total population of about four million in 1922, around 956,000 (24 percent) were workers. There were around 25,000 businesses employing ten or more people, the German capital being a center of the metal, chemical, and clothing industries. Berlin was the most industrialized city on the European continent and the fourth most industrialized urban center in the world (trailing only London, New York, and Chicago).¹

    Because of the working-class origins of so much of Berlin’s population, the two proletarian parties dominated politics in the city. During the period 1924-1933, the KPD and SPD together...

  10. 6 The “System”
    (pp. 111-127)

    According toDer Angriff,the Weimar system was responsible for all of Germany’s ills. Because of the “un-German” democracy created by the Social Democrats—who had stabbed the gallant German Army in the back during the closing days of the war—the nation had suffered the humiliation of the Versailles “Diktat” and the resulting collapse of the its economy.

    Because it was created by “traitors” who had abandoned the brave men dying at the front in favor of a “Marxist” revolution,Der Angrifheld that the republic was illegitimate from its inception. Not only had the “November Criminals” turned their...

  11. Conclusion
    (pp. 128-131)

    On 30 January 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, beginning a new era in European history. During the next twelve years, the Nazi regime affected the lives of millions. The changes brought by the Nazi “seizure of power” also had an effect upon DerAngriff.The paper was no longer a major concern to Goebbels, who became chief of the Third Reich’s immense propaganda machine. It eventually fell out of his orbit, becoming the official organ of the German Labor Front. AlthoughDer Angriffcontinued to be published until April 1945, it did not playa major role in Hitler’s...

  12. Notes
    (pp. 132-159)
  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 160-167)
  14. Index
    (pp. 168-172)